Presentation on theme: "9.2: The War at Home The war changes American society politically, economically, and socially."— Presentation transcript:
9.2: The War at Home The war changes American society politically, economically, and socially
A. War Industries Board 1.Moved to a wartime economy 2.Controlled what and how much of a product was made by a company and… 3.Set prices on products Whats wrong with this!!?
A. War Industries Board 4. Food Administration a. save food - eat less!
b. Victory Gardens
A. War Industries Board 5. Fuel Administration a. Saved coal and oil b. Conserved energy: daylight savings, shorter work week, heatless Mondays!
B. Financing the War w/Liberty War Bonds & Taxes Only a friend of Germany would refuse to buy war bonds $32 Billion
C. National War Labor Board 1. Helped prevent strikes during the war a. improved working conditions and pay b. Union membership increases
D. Women and War 1. Served in both traditional and non traditional jobs 2. Most left jobs after war
3. Roles during war helped pass 19 th Amendment
E. Social Changes 1. African Americans - The Great Migration a. 100s of thousands of AA move from Southern to Northern cities b. Escape discrimination c. Job opportunities
2. Mexican Americans a. Worked as farmers and ranchers b. Moved to big cities c. Segregated and discriminated against
F. Committee on Public Information 1. Responsible for selling the war – why we should go to war w/allies 2. Four Minute Men Delivered speeches in 4 minutes on war
G. Civil Liberties are Attacked 1. Americans of German descent attacked a. Lost jobs b. physically attacked 2. Espionage and Sedition Acts Anyone who speaks badly or gets in the way of the govt war efforts = $10,000 fine, 20 yrs. jail Problem with this act?
H. American Military Mobilization 1. Too few men = draft= 2. Selective Service Act a.Mandatory registration men 18-45 y/o (21-23) b.Women not allowed
I. African Americans in Military 1. Segregated units 2. First time allowed AA officers 3. Still experienced discrimination
J. Women in the Military 1. Navy Mostly clerical position 2. Army a. Army corps of Nurses b. No rank, different pay and benefits