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A new tourism policy in the French West Indies: from the end of the tourist resort of mass towards a new policy for sustainable tourism and ecotourism.

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Presentation on theme: "A new tourism policy in the French West Indies: from the end of the tourist resort of mass towards a new policy for sustainable tourism and ecotourism."— Presentation transcript:

1 A new tourism policy in the French West Indies: from the end of the tourist resort of mass towards a new policy for sustainable tourism and ecotourism Dominique AUGIER Université Antilles-Guyane - CEREGMIA TURTLE CONSERVATION ECOTOURISM AND SUSTAINABLE COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT July 28-29, 2009

2 INTRODUCTION

3 The study of tourism in Martinique immediately comes up against an astonishing ambiguity; the neighbouring islands, so similar in nature, drink incessantly from this source of wealth and yet the current seems to deliberately avoid Martinique despite their best efforts to redirect it their way (Cazes 1968). This recognition of the limits of mass tourism is at the origin of late awareness of the need to define another model for tourism development. Thinking about ecotourism helps to highlight the destinations of these delays and difficulties in adapting to new tourism practices.

4 Plan 1. Tourism on Martinique 2. The need to develop alternative approaches: ecotourism at the heart of the discussion 3. Turtles, an asset for marine ecotourism

5 -1- Tourism on Martinique

6 A belated tourism development Based on the classical three S: sun, sea and sand A promising sector

7 -A lack of consistency and rationality in the tourism policy -Loss of attractiveness - A sector in crisis from the end of the 90s

8 To summarise… depreciation of tourism, economic limitations, ecological nuisance fragility of the ecosystems develop alternative approaches

9 -2- The need to develop alternative approaches ecotourism at the heart of the discussion

10 Theory of ecotourism Ecotourism is associated with activities that have a limited impact on the physical and cultural environment (Weaver,2001;Lequin 2001, 2002) An instrument for sustainable development at the centre of new governance models (WTO 2003 and 1992) A new conceptual framework that can be used to implement revitalised development procedures based on revenue from a better thought out and organised tourism consumption (Blamey 2001) A form of tourism that has a marginal impact on host areas and societies (Scace, Grifone et Usher 1992)

11 Ecotourism based on forest resources

12 Ecotourism based on marine resources

13 -3- Turtles, an asset for marine ecotourism

14 Turtles and ecotourism 5 species of turtles Protected by the decree of 14 october 2005 Restoration plan for turtle’s protection The Turtles network of Martinique

15 The Turtles Network of Martinique DIREN : project supervisor ONCFS : coordination and animation SEPANMAR and other associations : communication and awareness, monitoried field activities Diving clubs : do survey on diving sites Some projects : nocturnal followed, counting traces, participation in beach cleaning actions, Intervention under the Global Days of the Ocean in schools …

16 Conclusion

17 Since the end of the 1990s, tourism has undergone a noticeable recession in the French West Indies within a background of strong regional competition. The islands must reconsider their position within the regional marketplace. For destinations like Martinique that based their tourism on the traditional resources of tropical beaches, ecotourism has become unavoidable. Ecotourism, an original product for a more authentic image A better distribution of tourists Economic attractiveness The involvement of local people in tourism The protection of natural resources Nevertheless, the position of Martinique on ecotourism is still unclear. There are only individual initiatives in spite of a real ecotourism policy.

18 Bibliography AUGIER D. (2005). L’écotourisme à la Martinique, mémoire de Master, Université Antilles- Guyane, Faculté de Droit et d’Economie. AUGIER D. (2007), « L’écotourisme forestier : pour un rapprochement entre tourisme et environnement à la Martinique », Études caribéennes, 6/2007, L'écotourisme dans la Caraïbe. URL : http://etudescaribeennes.revues.org/document440.html. Consulté le 05 juillet 2009. Caribbean Tourism Organization (2002), Caribbean Tourism Statistical Report (2000-2001 Edition), St.Micheal (Barbados), CTO. CAZES G. (1968). « Le développement du tourisme à la Martinique ». Les Cahiers d’Outre - Mer, t.21, n°83, p. 225-256. COUTUREe, M. (2002) : « L’écotourisme, un concept en constante évolution », Téoros, 21 (3), pp. 5-13. DEHOORNE O. (2007). « Les déboires du tourisme à la Martinique », Travaux et documents, n°32, p.85-106. DIRECTION REGIONALE DE L’ENVIRONNEMENT (2009), Profil environnemental de la Martinique,pp. 43-54. LEQUIN, M. (2001) : Ecotourisme et gouvernance participative, Presses de l’Université du Québec. OBSERVATOIRE DU MILIEU MARIN MARTINIQUAIS (Mars 2006), Esquisse cartographique au 1/100 000 e des biocénoses benthiques de la Martinique, OFFICE NATIONAL DE LA CHASSE ET DE LA FAUNE SAUVAGE (Janvier 2006), Plan de restauration des tortues marines des Antilles Françaises SHELLER, M. (2003), Consuming the Caribbean : From Arawaks to Zombies, London and New York, Routledge. http://web.martiniquetourism.com http://web.martiniquetourism.com http://www.tortuesmarinesantilles.org http://www.tortuesmarinesantilles.org

19 Thank you for your attention…


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