Presentation on theme: "A new tourism policy in the French West Indies: from the end of the tourist resort of mass towards a new policy for sustainable tourism and ecotourism."— Presentation transcript:
A new tourism policy in the French West Indies: from the end of the tourist resort of mass towards a new policy for sustainable tourism and ecotourism Dominique AUGIER Université Antilles-Guyane - CEREGMIA TURTLE CONSERVATION ECOTOURISM AND SUSTAINABLE COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT July 28-29, 2009
The study of tourism in Martinique immediately comes up against an astonishing ambiguity; the neighbouring islands, so similar in nature, drink incessantly from this source of wealth and yet the current seems to deliberately avoid Martinique despite their best efforts to redirect it their way (Cazes 1968). This recognition of the limits of mass tourism is at the origin of late awareness of the need to define another model for tourism development. Thinking about ecotourism helps to highlight the destinations of these delays and difficulties in adapting to new tourism practices.
Plan 1. Tourism on Martinique 2. The need to develop alternative approaches: ecotourism at the heart of the discussion 3. Turtles, an asset for marine ecotourism
A belated tourism development Based on the classical three S: sun, sea and sand A promising sector
-A lack of consistency and rationality in the tourism policy -Loss of attractiveness - A sector in crisis from the end of the 90s
To summarise… depreciation of tourism, economic limitations, ecological nuisance fragility of the ecosystems develop alternative approaches
-2- The need to develop alternative approaches ecotourism at the heart of the discussion
Theory of ecotourism Ecotourism is associated with activities that have a limited impact on the physical and cultural environment (Weaver,2001;Lequin 2001, 2002) An instrument for sustainable development at the centre of new governance models (WTO 2003 and 1992) A new conceptual framework that can be used to implement revitalised development procedures based on revenue from a better thought out and organised tourism consumption (Blamey 2001) A form of tourism that has a marginal impact on host areas and societies (Scace, Grifone et Usher 1992)
Turtles and ecotourism 5 species of turtles Protected by the decree of 14 october 2005 Restoration plan for turtle’s protection The Turtles network of Martinique
The Turtles Network of Martinique DIREN : project supervisor ONCFS : coordination and animation SEPANMAR and other associations : communication and awareness, monitoried field activities Diving clubs : do survey on diving sites Some projects : nocturnal followed, counting traces, participation in beach cleaning actions, Intervention under the Global Days of the Ocean in schools …
Since the end of the 1990s, tourism has undergone a noticeable recession in the French West Indies within a background of strong regional competition. The islands must reconsider their position within the regional marketplace. For destinations like Martinique that based their tourism on the traditional resources of tropical beaches, ecotourism has become unavoidable. Ecotourism, an original product for a more authentic image A better distribution of tourists Economic attractiveness The involvement of local people in tourism The protection of natural resources Nevertheless, the position of Martinique on ecotourism is still unclear. There are only individual initiatives in spite of a real ecotourism policy.
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