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2.1 If-Then Statements

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WARM UP If you are a broop, then you are a breeb. If you are a brelp, then you are not a brip. If you are not a brelp, then you are not a breeb. You are a breeb. Which of the following statements also must be true? 1)You are a brip. 2)You are a broop. 3)Both 4 and 5. 4)You are a brelp. 5)You are not a brip. 6)Both 1 and 2.

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If-Then Statements If-Then Statements are also called CONDITIONALS. Example: –If you smell nice, then you will meet a pretty girl. –The hypothesis is the “If” part –The conclusion is the “then” part If p, then q

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Converse If q, then p. If you smell nice, then you will meet a pretty girl. What is the converse? If you met a pretty girl, then you smelled nice.

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Inverse If not p, then not q. If you smell nice, then you will meet a pretty girl. What is the inverse of this statement? If you do not smell nice, then you will not meet a pretty girl.

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Contrapositive If not q, then not p. If you smell nice, then you will meet a pretty girl. What is the contrapositive of this statement? If you did not meet a pretty girl, then you did not smell nice.

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Four types The four types of ways a theorem can be written are –Conditional If p, then q. –Converse If q, then p. –Inverse If not p, then not q. –Contrapositive If not q, then not p. If all FOUR are TRUE, then you can write a BICONDITIONAL.

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Biconditional uses the words “if and only if” p if and only if q If segments are congruent, then their lengths are equal. Segments are congruent if and only if their lengths are equal.

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SAT Practice Question The statement “If Jill misses the bus, she will be late” is true. Which other statement must be true? (A) If Jill does not miss the bus, she will not be late. (B) If Jill is not late, she missed the bus. (C) If a student misses the bus, he or she will be late. (D) Jill is late because she missed the bus. (E) If Jill is not late, she did not miss the bus.

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SAT TRICK #1 If the conditional is true, The CONTRAPOSITIVE IS TOO!

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Counterexamples Find a counterexample for the following. If a line lies in a vertical plane, then the line is vertical. If a number is divisible by 4 then it is divisible by 6. Horizontal line 16 40

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Your turn! Come up with your own conditional.

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MOVIE TIME!!! At 3 min

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Inductive and Deductive Reasoning. Definitions: Conditionals, Hypothesis, & Conclusions: A conditional statement is a logical statement that has two parts:

Inductive and Deductive Reasoning. Definitions: Conditionals, Hypothesis, & Conclusions: A conditional statement is a logical statement that has two parts:

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