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 Born in Bergen, Norway in 1843.  His mother was a gifted pianist.  She taught him music and piano.  Grieg was a nationalist composer.  He used Norwegian.

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Presentation on theme: " Born in Bergen, Norway in 1843.  His mother was a gifted pianist.  She taught him music and piano.  Grieg was a nationalist composer.  He used Norwegian."— Presentation transcript:

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2  Born in Bergen, Norway in  His mother was a gifted pianist.  She taught him music and piano.  Grieg was a nationalist composer.  He used Norwegian folk music in his compositions.  He composed orchestral, chamber and piano music as well as 120 songs.

3  Henry Ibsen asked Grieg to compose the music for his play Peer Gynt.  The premiere of this play was in 1876  It was a huge success.  This made Grieg a well known national figure.  The incidental music from Peer Gynt was later arranged into a suite by Grieg.  Grieg died in 1907 after a long period of illness.

4  Peer Gynt is a character from the 18 th century.  Legend has it that he wasn’t invited to a wedding so he gate crashed it.  He took the bride and abandoned her in the mountains, making him a wanted criminal.  He took refuge in the underground caves in the land of the trolls

5  He was attacked by the trolls.  He built a hut high in the mountains, with a village girl, Solveig who loved him.  He left her to visit his dying mother  He was still in risk of capture.  He also went to Morroco and met Anitra  She danced for him and stole everything from him.  Leaving him stranded in the dessert.  Finally he returned home where Solveig had been waiting for him.

6  It was originally Incidental Music: background music performed before and between acts of a play.  It was later arranged into a Suite: music originally composed for a ballet or play which a composer rearranges into for performance in a concert.  It is also Programme music which is music that tells a story.

7  Morning  Intended to introduce scene in the Sahara Desert.  It is influenced by the Norwegian landscape.  The sun rising over the mountains and fjords.

8  Anitras Dance  Anitra is a dancer who dances for Peer.  She then steals everything from him.  And leaves him stranded in the dessert.

9  In the Hall of the Mountain King  The trolls emerge from the dark shadowy caves and surround Peer.  They dance and taunt him until he is terrified.  The tension is built up by a melodic ostinato, played 18 times.  It begins low and dark which is registered by the cellos, basses and bassoons.  The music builds to a high point in a dramatic crescendo.

10 OrchestraMorningAnitras DanceIn the Hall of the Mountain King WoodwindFlutes Oboes Clarinets in A (transposing) Bassoons Piccolo Flute Oboe Clarinet in A Bassoon Brass4 French horns 2 Trumpets 4 French horns 2 Trumpets 2 Tenor trombones Bass trombone Tuba PercussionTimpaniTriangleTimpani Bass drum Cymbals StringsViolin 1/2 Viola Cello Double bass Violin 1/2 (mute) Viola (mute) Cello (mute) Double bass Violin 1/2 Viola Cello Double bass

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12  Time Signature: 6/8  Key Signature: E major  Texture: homophonic -a melody supported by chords  Tempo: Allegretto pastorale, a little fast and pastoral.  Tonality: major  Form: Ternary : A B A Coda

13  Ornamentation: decoration in melody e.g. grace notes (bar 2), trills (bar 72).  Antiphony: question and answer, the flute and the oboe have a “conversation” in bars  Dynamics: capture the scene of the sunrise.  Sequence: the repetition of a melodic idea up or down a step bar 39.

14 a. The movement begins with the (i)f_ _ _ _ playing the main 4-bar melody. This is repeated an (ii)o_ _ _ _ _ lower by another woodwind instrument the (iii)o_ _ _. These two instruments continue to share this theme, alternating with each other, at 4-bar, the 1-bar, then half-bar intervals. The (iv)s_ _ _ _ family then takes over the theme, playing (v)f_ _ _ _ (loudly). There is a crescendo building up to the highpoint in bar 30. b. The next section begins with a dramatic flowing melody on a lower string instrument, the (i)c_ _ _ _. The (ii)d_ _ _ _ _ _ _ vary a lot, from piano to (iii)f_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _. The strings have lots of (iv)s_ _ _-q_ _ _ _ _ _. The music in this section (v)m _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (changes key) several times.

15 c. At bar 50, the (i)h_ _ _ plays the main tune, now in the key of C major. This instrument belongs to the (ii)b_ _ _ _ family. A long chord follows on the (iii)s_ _ _ _ _ _. The (iv)c _ _ _ _, (v)b _ _ _ _ _ _ and (vi)o_ _ _ then take up the melody and it returns to E major. The (vii)h_ _ _ finishes this section with some long notes. d. The coda begins quietly on the (i)s_ _ _ _ _ _, answered by a mellow- sounding woodwind instrument, the (ii) c_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _. Long sustained chords on the horn, with rallentando, lead to the (iii) f_ _ _ _ echoing the first two bars of the piece, followed by the (iv)b_ _ _ _ _ _. The final bars feature the strings and the full orchestra, (v)t_ _ _ _.

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17  Time Signature: 3/4  Key Signature: A minor and D major  Texture: homophonic - melody supported by chords and polyphonic - more than one melody playing at the same time.  Tempo: Mazurka - lively  Tonality: modal, minor in section A and major in section B  Form: Ternary : A B A

18  It has only one percussion instrument, the triangle. The other instruments are from the string section the violin, viola, cello and double bass.  The stringed instruments play both pizzicato (plucked) e.g. bar 3 and arco (with a bow) e.g. bar 23.  Trills are rapid alternation between 2 notes, e.g. bar 9 and grace notes e.g. bar 54.  The tonality changes from minor (bars 1-38) to major (bars 39-41) and then minor again (bars 42-91), therefore it is modal.

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20  Time Signature: 4/4  Key signature: B minor  Texture: homophonic - melody supported by chords and polyphonic - more than one melody playing at the same time.  Tempo: alla marcia e molto marcato : march like but marked  Tonality: minor  Form: ritarnello : which is a recurring passage of music

21  A 4 bar melody is repeated 18 times throughout the piece, this is a melodic ostinato. An ostinato is a melodic or rhythmic pattern repeated over and over again.  The dynamics are gradually leading to a highpoint at the end therefore it is crescendo throughout the whole piece.  Sringendo al fine is written on this music, this means hurry to the end.  Tremolo: technic used on drums, if there are 2 lines on the note you quarter the value playing in the same time and if there is only 1 then you half it.

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