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The school-based intervention Anna Borucka, Agnieszka Pisarska, Katarzyna Okulicz-Kozaryn Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology Warsaw Presented by: Boguslawa.

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Presentation on theme: "The school-based intervention Anna Borucka, Agnieszka Pisarska, Katarzyna Okulicz-Kozaryn Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology Warsaw Presented by: Boguslawa."— Presentation transcript:

1 The school-based intervention Anna Borucka, Agnieszka Pisarska, Katarzyna Okulicz-Kozaryn Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology Warsaw Presented by: Boguslawa Bukowska Cards 2004, component 2: National Drug Control Strategy: identification of priorities, designing and implementation of priority projects including training of relevant staff, Zagreb

2 A. Borucka i wsp.2 The school-based intervention for students using drug zFrom 2005 project is in EDDRA base

3 A. Borucka i wsp.3 Inspiration and sources School-based intervention method Brief intervention method toward alcohol abusing adults Increase in drug use among adolescents and lack of school’s procedures to solve these problems Changes in the educational system in Poland Expectations of teachers and educators

4 A. Borucka i wsp.4 Intervention goals Supporting and helping students and their parents in solving problems by:  delivering information zCommon activity and proposing particular intervention procedure Preventing the development of the problems related to drug use at school by: zintroducing the intervention method into school prevention system zapplying it consequently in all cases of drug use by students

5 A. Borucka i wsp.5 Intervention elements Diagnosis: to plan an adequate activities toward a drug using student Advice: to clear school standpoint and encourage student to take part in further intervention activities Contract: to enhance students’ motivation to change his/her behavior Contract monitoring: to support the positive changes in student’s behaviour

6 A. Borucka i wsp.6 Contract monitoring (sharing information between school and parents) Teacher-student-parents talk (student accepts and negotiates the contract) Teacher-student - talk ( diagnosis, advice) Intervention activities Teacher-parents talk (diagnosis, advice, working-out the contract)

7 How the school – based intervention is implemented in schools?

8 A. Borucka i wsp.8 Assumtions concerning the implementation of school – based intervention Multiphases process which requires:  Introducing changes which are systemic in character,  Undertaken the decision by the faculty concerning the implementation of the method  Motivating the teachers to develop their proffessional competencies

9 A. Borucka i wsp.9 Stage I – Initition zThe assessment of motivation for changes’ introduction by individual interviews with chosen school representatives – head master, teacher,parents, students zInvestigating former intervention activities

10 A. Borucka i wsp.10 Stage II – training (4 – hour workshop) Conducting 4-hour workshop for committee of teachers with the following aims: z to strenghten the need of school preventive strategy zto create a team leading changes zto present the school – based intervention zto broaden the knowledge of drug use phases zto discuss legal issues of school’s regulation related to drug use by students

11 A. Borucka i wsp.11 Stage II– training (10 hour workshop) Preparing of chosen school staff members to hold intervention: zHealth and social consequences of drug use zComunication in conflict situation zIntervention know–how and step by step process focused on practical exercises

12 A. Borucka i wsp.12 Stage III - Evaluation (June - December 2002) Evaluation goals Assessment of the school-based intervention method implementation Assessment of the intervention method usefulness

13 A. Borucka i wsp.13 Data analysis Data base: zindividual and focus group interviews, zworkshops’ reports, zschool documents (statutes, signed contracts) Data analysis: zthe list of descriptive codes zgradual selection of data (coding by three independent judges) zascribing numeric indicators to the codes concerning intervention activities

14 A. Borucka i wsp.14

15 A. Borucka i wsp.15 Three groups of interventions Successful (N=15): persistent change of behaviour, lack of evidence of further breaking schools’ rules Ambivalent (N=12): toward a group of students  one student + /another - problem behaviours syndrome  one behaviour + /another - pending intervention or with unknown results Failure (N=7): no positive or short-term effects or partial positive changes in behaviour

16 A. Borucka i wsp.16 Usefulness of the method

17 A. Borucka i wsp.17 Effectiveness The analysis shows that the more elements of the intervention goal – support and assistance, problem – using psychoactive substance, Talking to parents and children, proposal of contract the more likely the achieving the desired results

18 A. Borucka i wsp.18 Conclusions: 1. School-based intervention method can be useful for school staff and is suitable for their potential skills in great part. 2. Teachers’ helping skills (focus on giving support, empathy, making and keeping a contact) are essential. 3. Intervention implementation is easier in supportive school environment

19 A. Borucka i wsp.19 Conclusions: 4. Effective application of the school-based intervention method requires: zfocus on student occasionally using drugs zco-operation with parents zcontract monitoring and supporting parents and student in obeying the contract rules zco-operation between school and external institutions able to give more comprehensive help for students using drugs.

20 A. Borucka i wsp.20 Our recommendations zIntervention should be taken not only in the situation of using psychoactive substance but also in the case of suspicion of taking drugs zPerceiving of non constructive parents’ behaviour and pupils as defence mechanisms

21 A. Borucka i wsp.21 Our recommendations contd zPerceiving as a success not only the final result but also the fact of undertaking the intrevention regarding pupils zAbandoning both the investigation as well as establishing and punishing the perpetrators. zTeam work among the members of the faculty.

22 A. Borucka i wsp.22 Bibliography zBorucka, A., Kocoń, K. (2003). Interwencja w szkole, Remedium 7-8(125-126), 10-13. zBorucka, A., Okulicz-Kozaryn, K., Pisarska, A. (2003). Ocena przydatności i funkcjonowania metody interwencji profilaktycznej w szkole. Medycyna Wieku Rozwojowego, t.VII, 157-172. zOkulicz-Kozaryn, K., Pisarska, A., Borucka, A. (2003). Szkolna interwencja wobec uczniów sięgających po substancje psychoaktywne. Serwis Informacyjny Narkomania, 3 (22), 27-34. zOkulicz-Kozaryn, K., Borucka, A., Pisarska, A. (2003). Wprowadzenie do szkół metody interwencji wobec ucznia sięgającego po środki psychoaktywne – bariery we współpracy z rodzicami i ich pokonywanie. Medycyna Wieku Rozwojowego, t.VII, 173-192. zPisarska, A., Jakubowska, L. (2004). Interwencja profilaktyczna w odbiorze uczniów. Remedium, 5 (135), s. 1-3. zPisarska, A., Jakubowska, L. (2004). Szkolna interwencja w odbiorze uczniów. W: A. Szymanowska (red.), Alkohol a zachowania problemowe młodzieży. Opinie i badania, s. 46-53. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Edukacyjne PARPA. zBorucka A., Pisarska A., Okulicz-Kozaryn K.: (2005): Szkolna interwencja profilaktyczna Profilaktyka w szkole. Poradnik dla nauczyciela. Centrum Metodyczne Pomocy Psychologiczno-Pedagogicznej. Warszawa, 52-67.

23 A. Borucka i wsp.23 Badania w działaniu Schools recruitment N=11 2 primary, 6 junior high 3 secondary Training for: the faculties (N=450) selected teachers.(N=70) Methods in practice Diagnosis of situation in schools Individual interviews Analysis of training reports Analysis of: School documents (statutes, contracts) Information form group interviews

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