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Grammar Before Writing: Subject-Verb Agreement, Fragments, and Run-on Sentences Ms. Woodhouse & Mr. Simmons.

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Presentation on theme: "Grammar Before Writing: Subject-Verb Agreement, Fragments, and Run-on Sentences Ms. Woodhouse & Mr. Simmons."— Presentation transcript:

1 Grammar Before Writing: Subject-Verb Agreement, Fragments, and Run-on Sentences Ms. Woodhouse & Mr. Simmons

2 SOL Objectives: 9.6 Students will be able to develop expository and literary writings to inform, explain, analyze, or entertain. 9.6d SWBAT write clear and varied sentences SWBAT develop a variety of writing to persuade, interpret, analyze and evaluate with an emphasis on expository writing d SWBAT write clear and varied sentences clarifying ideas with precise and relevant evidence SWBAT write a variety of forms with emphasis on persuasion. 11.6b SWBAT produce arguments in writing developing a thesis that demonstrates knowledgeable judgments, addresses counter claims, and provides an effective conclusion SWBAT write a documented research paper. 12.8a SWBAT use technology as a tool to research, organize, evaluate, and communicate information. 12.8h SWBAT define the meaning and consequences of plagiarism and follow ethical legal information. 12.8e SWBAT cite sources for both quoted and paraphrased ideas using a standard method of documentation such as that of Modern Language Association (MLA) or the American Psychological Association (APA).

3 Class Objectives: Given the Smart Board, computers, power point, and online games: Students will be able to judge how subject-verb agreement, fragment and run- on sentence corrections make for healthy sentences by correcting sentences and completing two quizzes with 80% accuracy.

4 Warm UP: 100 Word Essay Write on the following saying: A fool is quick tempered, but a wise person stays calm when insulted. 1. Define fool. 2. What does it mean to be quick tempered? 3. Compare and contrast being calm to having a quick temper. 4. How can a person stay calm after being insulted? 5. What is this adage or quote trying to say? 5. Are you quick tempered or calm? Explain your answer by giving a personal example.

5 Anticipatory Set: (Copy In Your Notebook) Correct the following sentences: 1. Mary went. 2. To a car wash. 3. I be going to the store.

6 Anticipatory Set: Continued Connector: Today, we are going to analyze subject-verb agreement in a sentence, fragment and run-on sentences. Relevancy: You will become better writers when you practice grammar skills.

7 Essential Questions : How do you know when a sentence is a run-on sentence? What helps a writer to know when a sentence is complete? When a subject and verb agree, what components do they possess?

8 Subject/Verb Agreement

9 Subject-Verb agreement pre-test Pre-test: Take this quiz to see how well you do on subject-verb agreement. Show your teacher your score after you have finished. Click on the link below.

10 Copy Notes: Subject-Verb Agreement 1 Subject verb agreement refers to the fact that the subject and verb in a sentence must agree in number. In other words, they both must be singular or they both must be plural. Singular means one. Plural means more than one.

11 Singular and plural subjects, or nouns, are usually pretty easy. In most cases the plural form of a noun has an s at the end. Like this:nouns Car – singular Cars – plural

12 Copy Notes: Subject-Verb Agreement 2 The subject of a sentence is who or what the sentence is referring to. The subject does the action in a sentence. For example: A. Robert drives a red sports car. (Robert is the subject.)

13 Copy Notes: Subject-Verb Agreement 3 The verb is the word that shows what action is being taken. For example: B. Robert drives a red sports car. (The word drives is the verb.)

14 Here are some more guidelines for subject verb agreement. 1. When two singular subjects are joined by the words or or nor a singular verb is in order. My sister or my brother is meeting you at the airport. 2. Two singular subjects joined by either/or or neither/nor also need a singular verb. Neither Carla nor Jeff is available to meet you at the airport. Either Angie or Jeff is meeting at the airport. 3. When the word and connects two or more nouns or pronouns, use a plural verb. She and her family are at Disney World. 4. When a compound subject contains both a singular and a plural noun or pronoun joined by or or nor, the verb should agree with the part of the subject that is nearer the verb. The athlete or his teammates sprint every day. His teammates or the athlete sprints every day.

15 Now Its Your Turn! Assignment 1: (To Bee or Not To Bee) Complete both level 1 and 2. Each time you complete one, raise your hand and show me your score. Click the link to start. Assignment 2: (Spaced Out Subject Verb Agreement) Show me your score when you have won the game. Assignment 3: (Chomp Chomp) Show me your score after you have completed the assignment. Assignment 4: (Battle Ship S/V Agreement) Show me your score after you have completed the mission. Assignment 5: (VerbViper) Play to level 4:

16 Subject-Verb Agreement Quiz Now its time to test what you have learned. Take the subject/verb agreement quiz. This quiz will be handed to you by Ms. Woodhouse or Mr. Simmons.

17 Fragment Sentences (Incomplete Sentences)

18 Fragment: Copy Notes Fragments are phrases or part of a sentence that do not have a subject or a verb. For example: No Subject Waiting in line at the computer center. No Verb Many students.

19 What is a complete sentence? Copy this in your notebook: Subject + Predicate=Complete Sentence Before you click on the link below, listen to the speaker and follow along. Once you understand what makes a complete sentence, then complete the Pencil Link practice. (Assignment 6)

20 Other Assignments Assignment 7: (Raise your hand when you finish this assignment.) Grammar Sentence or Fragment Game: Assignment 8: Complete exercises 1 and 2. Show me your score when you have finished both. Assignment 9&10: Pick up the Subject and Predicate worksheets from your teacher. Assignment 11: Quiz: (Once you have finished, your results to public;jsessionid=B5174F596834EBD298730BAB6AEF3A86?name=scde 07q%2Fscde07q_chp03A&cookieTest=1 public;jsessionid=B5174F596834EBD298730BAB6AEF3A86?name=scde 07q%2Fscde07q_chp03A&cookieTest=1

21 Run-On Sentences

22 Copy: Run -On Sentence A run-on-sentence is similar to any other standard sentence except just goes on and on and on indefinitely without actually telling you anything important beyond the first clause because a run-on-sentence is actually an ongoing series of clauses that should really be separated out into their own distinct sentences but aren't due to carelessness or hyperactivity observed most frequently in high school students finishing last-minute essays or by those who have consumed far beyond the daily recommended dose of snickers bars. That long sentence was the definition and example of a run-on sentence.

23 Complete Assignment 12: Play Brainpop: Raise your hand when you have finished. Assignment 13: OWL: ons_ex1.htm ons_ex1.htm Assignment 14: Ask teacher for worksheet.

24 Closure: Notes How do you know when a sentence is a run-on sentence? What helps a writer to know when a sentence is complete? When a subject and verb agree, what components do they possess?

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