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1 Western Massachusetts: the Berkshires Regional Health Dialogue Massachusetts Department of Public Health June 13, 2007.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Western Massachusetts: the Berkshires Regional Health Dialogue Massachusetts Department of Public Health June 13, 2007."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Western Massachusetts: the Berkshires Regional Health Dialogue Massachusetts Department of Public Health June 13, 2007

2 2 Goals for Holding Regional Dialogues Introduce new DPH leadership Present latest health data on your particular region Talk with residents and providers about data and identify areas of need Gather feedback to inform process of setting DPH priorities

3 3 Goals of New DPH leadership Use data and community input to set new priorities & reshape the Department Rely on science and evidence-based process to guide the work Strengthen ties with and support for local health and local agencies Increase resources to and visibility of Public Health in Massachusetts

4 4 Timetable Hold 8 regional dialogues with comprehensive data review and identification of key health concerns (by July) Identify short list of top priorities by end of August Hold second round of community dialogues to discuss action plans/results by end of calendar year

5 5 Socio-Demographic Indicators and Health Care Access

6 6 Source: MDPH, Health Information, Statistics, Research & Evaluation Bureau, Research & Epidemiology Program Massachusetts Counties & EOHHS Western Region EOHHS Western Region Berkshires

7 7 A few comments about the limitations of this presentation A regional analysis has its drawbacks Variability within a region – urban vs. rural/suburban (i.e. Pittsfield vs. the rest of the region) Variability by sub-population – race matters, poverty matters Our data don’t reflect all the important health indicators

8 8 Population >10,000 Largest = Pittsfield 43,949 Smallest = Mt. Washington Population by Communities Berkshire County Highlighted

9 9 Race and Ethnic Breakdown of Population Western Region and Massachusetts: 2005 Western RegionMassachusetts White* 81.3% Black* 5.5% Hispanic 11.0% Asian* 2.0% * Non-Hispanics White* 81.0% Black* 6.0% Hispanic 7.9% Asian* 4.9% Source: MDPH, Health Information, Statistics, Research & Evaluation Bureau, Research & Epidemiology Program American Indian* 0.2% Berkshires White* 93.8% Black* 2.5% Hispanic 2.3% Asian* 1.3% American Indian* 0.2%

10 10 Race and Ethnic Breakdown of Population Western Region and Massachusetts: 2005 Western Region PittsfieldBerkshiresMA Total White non- Hispanic 81.3%90.8%93.8%81.0% Black non- Hispanic 5.5%4.7%2.5%6.0% Hispanic11.0%2.8%2.3%7.9% Asian non- Hispanic 2.0%1.6%1.3%4.9% American Indian 0.2%0.1%0.2%0.2 Source: MDPH, Health Information, Statistics, Research & Evaluation Bureau, Research & Epidemiology Program

11 11 Population by Age Group Western Region and Massachusetts: 2005 AgesWestern Region PittsfieldBerkshiresMA Total 0-19 years25.5%23.3%23.2%25.5% years8.1%5.7%6.6%6.7% years26.5%26.9%24.7%29.4% years25.7%25.6%27.8%25.3% 65+ years14.2%18.4%17.3%13.3% Source: MDPH, Health Information, Statistics, Research & Evaluation Bureau, Research & Epidemiology Program

12 12 Language Spoken at Home, Western Region and Massachusetts: 2000 Source: MDPH, Health Information, Statistics, Research & Evaluation Bureau, Research & Epidemiology Program

13 13 Socio-Demographic Indicators Western Region and Massachusetts Source: MDPH, Health Information, Statistics, Research & Evaluation Bureau, Research & Epidemiology Program

14 14 Highest and Lowest Per Capita Income by Community 1, Berkshires: 2000 High Low 1 Selected among communities with at least 10,000 population Source: MDPH, Health Information, Statistics, Research & Evaluation Bureau, Research & Epidemiology Program

15 15 Birth Indicators

16 16 Breastfeeding by EOHHS Region Largest Cities in Western Region, Massachusetts: 2005 Source: MDPH, Health Information, Statistics, Research & Evaluation Bureau, Research & Epidemiology Program * Mother was breastfeeding or intending to breastfeed at the time the birth certificate was completed. Statistically different from State (p ≤.05) Red (*) = Statistically worse; Green (**) = Statistically better * *

17 17 Teen Birth Rates by City/Town* Western Region: 2005 North Adams Pittsfield

18 18 Teen Birth Rates by Race and Ethnicity Berkshires Region and Massachusetts: 2005 Source: MDPH, Health Information, Statistics, Research & Evaluation Bureau, Research & Epidemiology Program * Teen birth rates are number of births to women ages per 1000 females ages Statistically different from State (p ≤.05) Red (*) = Statistically higher; Green (**) = Statistically lower NA

19 19 Indicator (as % of births) MA Total (n=76,824) Western (n=8,935) Berkshires (n=1,277) Pittsfield (n=526) Adequate Prenatal Care (Kotelchuck index) C-section deliveries Low Birth weight (<5.5 lb) Breastfeeding Public Pay for Prenatal Care Smoking during pregnancy Summary Birth Indicators by Community in Western Region Massachusetts: 2005 Source: MDPH, Health Information, Statistics, Research & Evaluation Bureau, Research & Epidemiology Program Better Outcome (significantly different from state)Worse Outcome (significantly different from state)

20 20 Leading Causes of Death

21 21 Leading Causes of Death Berkshires and Massachusetts:2005 Source: MDPH, Center for Health Information, Statistics, Research & Evaluation, Research & Epidemiology Program Berkshires N=1,487 Heart Disease % Cancer % Chronic Lower Respiratory Disease (formerly COPD) 966.5%* Stroke 896.0% All Injuries 684.6% Alzheimer's 543.6% Influenza & pneumonia 493.3% Diabetes 453.0% Nephritis 392.6% Septicemia 241.6% Statistically different from State (p ≤.05) Red (*) = Statistically higher; Green (**) = Statistically lower than state Massachusetts N=53,776 Heart Disease 13, % Cancer 13, % Stroke 2,9795.5% All Injuries 2,6574.9% Chronic Lower Respiratory Disease (formerly COPD) 2,6434.9% Influenza and pneumonia 1,9323.6% Alzheimer's 1,6353.0% Nephritis 1,4032.6% Diabetes 1,2712.4% Septicemia9821.8%

22 22 Chronic Disease Outcomes and Overweight

23 23 Adults who are Overweight 1 by EOHHS Region, Massachusetts: 1995 and 2005 Source: MDPH, Health Information, Statistics, Research and Evaluation Bureau, Massachusetts Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), Health Survey Program 1 Overweight: BMI greater than or equal to 25 Statistically different from State (p ≤.05) Red (*) = Statistically worse; Green (**) = Statistically better

24 24 Diabetes Hospital Discharges by EOHHS Region, Berkshires, and Pittsfield Massachusetts: Age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population. Source: Division of Health Care Finance and Policy. Calendar Year Inpatient Hospital Discharge Database * ** * Statistically different from State (p ≤.05) Red (*) = Statistically worse; Green (**) = Statistically better than state *

25 25 Diabetes Hospital Discharge Rate by Race/Ethnicity Berkshires, Pittsfield & Massachusetts: Age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population. Source: Division of Health Care Finance and Policy. Calendar Year Inpatient Hospital Discharge Database * Statistically different from State (p ≤.05) Red (*) = Statistically worse; Green (**) = Statistically better than state * NA *

26 26 Cancer

27 27 Indicator MA Total Western Berkshires Pittsfield Prostate Cancer Incidence Female Breast Cancer Incidence Colorectal Cancer Incidence Lung Cancer Incidence Summary Invasive Cancer Incidence Rates by Western Region, Massachusetts: Source: MDPH, Center for Health Information, Statistics, Research & Evaluation, Cancer Registry Better Outcome (significantly different from state)Worse Outcome (significantly different from state)

28 28 Adults who Currently Smoke by EOHHS Region and Berkshires, Massachusetts: 2005 Source: MDPH, Center for Health Information, Statistics, Research & Evaluation, Health Survey Program ** Statistically different from State (p ≤.05) Red (*) = Statistically worse; Green (**) = Statistically better than state

29 29 Percent of Mothers Smoking During Pregnancy for Largest Communities in Western Region: 2005 % Smokers Births Massachusetts7.2% 5,555 76,653 Western Region13.5%* 1,203 8,935 Lowest Amherst2.0%**9 166 Holyoke5.3%** Northampton3.7%** Highest North Adams37.7%* Pittsfield24.5%* Palmer23.1%* Springfield14.8% 349 2,369 Source: MDPH, Health Information, Statistics, Research & Evaluation Bureau, Research & Epidemiology Program Statistically different from State (p ≤.05) Red (*) = Statistically worse; Green (**) = Statistically better than state

30 30 Smoking During Pregnancy by Race and Ethnicity Western Region, Berkshires, and Massachusetts: 2005 Source: MDPH, Health Information, Statistics, Research & Evaluation Bureau, Research & Epidemiology Program * * Statistically different from State (p ≤.05) Red (*) = Statistically worse; Green (**) = Statistically better than state NA * *

31 31 Substance Abuse

32 32 Substance Abuse Treatment Program Admissions- Alcohol Primary Substance by EOHHS Region, Massachusetts: 2005 Source: Massachusetts Department of Public Health. BSAS Substance Abuse Treatment Programs Statistically different from State (p ≤.05) Red (*) = Statistically higher; Green (**) = Statistically lower than state

33 33 Substance Abuse Treatment Program Admissions- Alcohol Primary Substance by Race/Ethnicity Berkshires and Massachusetts: 2005 NA Statistically different from State (p ≤.05) Red (*) = Statistically higher; Green (**) = Statistically lower than state Age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population. Source: Division of Health Care Finance and Policy. Calendar Year Emergency Department Visits

34 34 Substance Abuse Treatment Program Admissions- Heroin Primary Substance by EOHHS Region, Berkshires, and Massachusetts: 2005 Source: Massachusetts Department of Public Health. BSAS Substance Abuse Treatment Programs * ** * * Statistically different from State (p ≤.05) Red (*) = Statistically higher; Green (**) = Statistically lower than state **

35 35 Indicator MA Total WesternBerkshires Pittsfield Substance Abuse Treatment Program Admissions Rate 1,6012,0442, ,592.8 Substance Abuse Treatment Program Admissions Rate-- Alcohol , ,612.1 Substance Abuse Treatment Program Admissions Rate— Cocaine Substance Abuse Treatment Program Admissions Rate— Heroin Summary Substance Abuse Indicators Western Region, Massachusetts: 2005 Lower Outcome (significantly different from state) Higher Outcome (significantly different from state) Source: Massachusetts Department of Public Health. BSAS Substance Abuse Treatment Programs 2005.

36 36 Injury/Violence

37 37 Hospital Discharge Rates for Motor Vehicle-Related Injuries by EOHHS Region, Berkshires, and Pittsfield Massachusetts: Statistically different from State (p ≤.05) Red (*) = Statistically worse; Green (**) = Statistically better than state Age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population. Source: Division of Health Care Finance and Policy. Calendar Year Inpatient Hospital Discharge Database

38 38 Hospital Discharge Rates for Motor Vehicle- Related Injuries by Race/Ethnicity, Western Region, Berkshires, and Massachusetts: Statistically different from State (p ≤.05) Red (*) = Statistically worse; Green (**) = Statistically better than state Age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population. Source: Division of Health Care Finance and Policy. Calendar Year Inpatient Hospital Discharge Database NA

39 39 Emergency Department Visit Rates for Fall-Related Injuries by EOHHS Region Massachusetts: ** * * Age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population. Source: Division of Health Care Finance and Policy. Calendar Year Emergency Department Visits * ** Statistically different from State (p ≤.05) Red (*) = Statistically worse; Green (**) = Statistically better than state * *

40 40 Indicator Age-adjusted Rate per 100,000 MA Total Western Berkshires Pittsfield ER Visit Rate for all Injuries 11,29812,32316,37920,747 ER Visit Rate for Traumatic Brain Injury ER Visit Rate for Firearm ER Visit Rate for Fall- related injuries 2,7502,9133,9925,027 Summary Injury/Violence Emergency Department Indicators Berkshires, Western Region, Massachusetts: Better Outcome (significantly different from state) Worse Outcome (significantly different from state) Source: Division of Health Care Finance and Policy. Calendar Year Emergency Department Visits

41 41 Infectious Diseases

42 42 HIV/AIDS Death Rates by EOHHS Region Massachusetts: Source: MDPH, Health Information, Statistics, Research & Evaluation Bureau, Research & Epidemiology Program * ** * Statistically different from State (p ≤.05) Red (*) = Statistically worse; Green (**) = Statistically better N=110N=78N=97N=66N=99N=167N=617 **

43 43 Indicator MA Total Western Berkshires Pittsfield Persons living with HIV (crude rate per 100,000) (2005) HIV Incidence (crude rate per 100,000) (2005) NA Persons living with AIDS (crude rate per 100,000) (2005) AIDS Incidence (crude rate per 100,000) (2005) NA HIV/AIDS Mortality (age- adjusted per 100,000) ( ) NA Summary HIV/AIDS Indicators Communities in Western Region Better Outcome (significantly different from state)Worse Outcome (significantly different from state)

44 44 Indicator MA Total Western BerkshiresPittsfield Chlamydia Incidence (crude rates, 2005) Gonorrhea Incidence (crude rates, 2005) Syphilis Incidence (crude rates, 2005) NA Tuberculosis Incidence (crude rates, 2004) NA Lyme Disease Incidence (crude rates, 2004) NA Pneumonia/ Influenza Hospital Discharges (age- adjusted, 2005) Summary Infectious Disease Indicators Communities in Western Region Better Outcome (significantly different from state) Worse Outcome (significantly different from state)

45 45 Asthma

46 46 Asthma ER Visits, Children Ages 0-14 by EOHHS Region, Massachusetts: 2005 ** * * Age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population. Source: Division of Health Care Finance and Policy. Calendar Year Emergency Department Visits Statistically different from State (p ≤.05) Red (*) = Statistically higher; Green (**) = Statistically lower **

47 47 Asthma Emergency Department Visit Rates Children Ages 0-14, by Race/Ethnicity Berkshires and Massachusetts: 2005 Age-adjusted to the 2000 US standard population. Source: Division of Health Care Finance and Policy. Calendar Year Emergency Department Visits Statistically different from State (p ≤.05) Red (*) = Statistically higher; Green (**) = Statistically lower NA

48 48 Indicator MA Total Western BerkshiresPittsfield Asthma Hospital Discharges (age-adjusted per 100,000) Asthma ER Visits (age-adjusted per 100,000) % Adults who currently have asthma (2005) 9.611NA Asthma ER Visits Ages 0-14 (age-adjusted per 100,000) Summary Asthma Indicators Communities in Western Region: 2005 Statistically lower than state Statistically higher than state

49 49 Summary The two largest cities in the Berkshires are: Pittsfield (43,949) and North Adams (14,031). The race/ethnicity and age distributions of the Berkshires differ from the Western Region as a whole: –The Berkshires are 94% White Non-Hispanic –Higher proportion of older persons (65+) Some indicators are better than the state: –Lower hypertension hospital discharge rates –Heroin abuse treatment program admission rates are lower in Berkshires –HIV/AIDS deaths are lower in the Berkshires –Low firearm ER visit rate –Low HIV indicators (incidence and mortality)

50 50 Summary Some indicators are worse than the State: –Birth indicators worse than state (low breastfeeding rate, high teen birth rate, low adequacy of prenatal care, high public funding for prenatal care, high smoking during pregnancy) –Higher proportion of Chronic Lower Respiratory Disease (formerly COPD) deaths –Higher alcohol-related abuse treatment program admission rates in Berkshires –Injuries such as motor vehicle-related and self-inflicted hospital discharge rates are higher in the Berkshires and especially in Pittsfield –Higher emergency department visit rates for fall-related injuries in the Berkshires –Higher incidence of Lyme disease in the Berkshires –Higher rates of Chlamydia and gonorrhea in Pittsfield

51 51 Selected Health Disparities by Race/Ethnicity, Berkshires Blacks –Higher diabetes hospital discharge rates –Higher ER rate for children 0-14 Whites –High teen birth rates –Higher rate of smoking during pregnancy –Higher motor vehicle ER visit rates

52 52 How Can You Access these Data? Hard Copies: (617) TDD/TTY: (617) Questions: (617) For more detailed community data: DPH Website:

53 53 Q/A


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