Presentation on theme: "The Underlying Theories of Precede-Proceed Model"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Underlying Theories of Precede-Proceed Model Understanding Causal Assumptions and Intervention Assumptions
2 Prototype of Causal Models and Intervention Models Problem Theory: Causes->->->->->->->EffectsINPUTS(educational,organizationaleconomic, etc.)OUTPUTS(health, qualityof life, develop-ment)X ?Most models for planning contain an implicit or an explicit set of assumptions about causation. Unfortunately, these assumptions are too often implicit, so we are left to guess what factor X involves. Is it just behavior, or is it just environment, or is it some combination of lifestyle, environment and health services...Different models interpret the content of “X?” according to different theories (or assumptions) about causation and control.10
3 Examples of Causal Theories on Which PRECEDE-PROCEED is Based Psychological theories in which X includes behavior, and its antecedents such as attitudes, beliefs, perceptions, and other cognitive variablesSociological theories in which X includes organizational functioning and interorganizational exchange and coalitions.Economic theories in which X includes consumer behavior and organizational response to consumer demand.Pathophysiological theories in which X includes organisms or environmental exposure processes.
4 Action Theory and Program Theory Use Causal Theories to Link Intervention and OutcomesAction Theory and Program Theory Use Causal Theories to Link Interventions & OutcomesIntervention VariableCausal VariableOutcomeVariableAction TheoryProgram TheorySuccessSuccess*Action Theory and Conceptual Theory Intervention Evaluation Model. Chen p. 200
5 Mediating and Moderating Variables MediatorInterventionOutcomeVariableVariableMediatorModerator
6 Prototype of the Resource-Based Planning Approach* 1. Select Resource orService to be Studied4. Evaluate Use of theResource or Service2. Assess Demandfor the Resource orService3. Increase Resourceor Increase Demand*A procedural model, as distinct from a causal model.11