Presentation on theme: "OSHA Bloodborne Pathogens Standard"— Presentation transcript:
1 OSHA Bloodborne Pathogens Standard COASTWIDE LABORATORIESPresents. . .Protecting CustodiansFrom Bloodborne PathogensIncluding Spill Cleanup ProceduresComplying WithOSHA Bloodborne Pathogens Standard
2 To protect workers from the deadly bloodborne pathogens Purpose of theOSHA StandardTo protect workers fromthe deadly bloodborne pathogensincluding HIV and HBV.
3 Bloodborne Pathogens: Exposure Control Plan PURPOSE:To limit occupational exposure to blood and other potentially infectious materials because any exposure could result in transmission of bloodborne pathogens which could lead to disease or death.
4 Not limited to only medical or health Who Is Affected?ANY employee having occupationalexposure to blood or other potentiallyinfectious materials.Not limited to only medical or healthcare personnel.
5 Key Definitions Bloodborne Pathogens Occupational Exposure Potentially Infectious MaterialsEngineering ControlsWork Practice ControlsUniversal PrecautionsAppropriate DisinfectantsRoutine Cleaning vs. Decontamination
6 Bloodborne Pathogens "pathogenic microorganisms that are present in human blood and can cause disease inhumans. Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) and HIVare of primary concern"
7 Occupational Exposure “reasonably anticipated skin, eye, mucousmembrane or parenteral contact with bloodor other potentially infectious materials that may result from the performance of an employee’s customary duties”
8 Potentially Infectious Materials "human blood along with other specifichuman body fluids including semen,feces and urine"
9 Engineering Controls Technology and devices that isolate or remove hazards from the workplace.
10 Work Practice Controls Ongoing evaluation of the manner in which a task is performed in an effort to reduce the likelihood of a worker’s exposure to blood or other potentially infectious material.
11 Universal Precautions "an infection control concept, where allhuman blood and certain human bodyfluids are treated as if known to beinfected with HIV or HBV"
12 Routine Cleaning Versus Gross ContaminationRoutine cleaning and disinfecting of environmental surfaces can be washed using a low level disinfectantGross contamination requires special methods of decontamination. Use of a mid-level disinfectant is acceptable.
14 Active Antimicrobial Ingredients Sodium HypochloriteQuatsPhenolicsIodophorsIsopropyl AlcoholEthylene Oxide GasGlutaraldehydeHydrogen Peroxide
15 4 Four Different Processes Cleaning Sanitizing Disinfecting Sterilization4
16 CleaningCleaning is the process of removing pollutants from the environment and putting them in their proper place.
17 SanitizingSanitizing reduces the microbial population to a safe level as determined by local public health standards. For example, in dairy and food processing plants, the equipment is usually sanitized.
18 Disinfecting removes and destroys targeted pathogenic microorganisms.
19 Sterilization causes the destruction or removal of all forms of life.
20 Personal Protective Equipment? What is AppropriatePersonal Protective Equipment?Apparel and devices which do not allow blood orbody fluids to pass through to reach work clothes,street clothes, undergarments, skin, eyes ormucous membranes under normal conditions ofuse. This includes gloves, gowns, laboratory coats,fluid-resistant aprons, head and foot coverings,face shields, masks, eye protection, mouthpieces,resuscitation bags and other ventilation devices.
21 What is the Purpose of Using Personal Protective Equipment? To prevent and minimize exposure ofpersonnel to infectious materials in the workingenvironment.
22 When to Use Appropriate Personal Protective Equipment? Personal protective equipment should be usedwhen there is a possibility of exposure to bloodand other infectious materials, or if there a hazardsto the employee’s health & safety.GlovesGogglesMask
23 When to Wear Gloves? Use gloves when there is reasonable anticipation that there may be hand contact with blood, otherbody fluids, mucous membranes or non-intactskin.
24 Gloves and Allergies Hypoallergenic gloves, powderless gloves or other alternatives are available to employees whoare allergic to the gloves normally provided.
25 When to Wear Eye Protection? Wear mask, eye protection or face shieldif splashes, spray, splatters or droplets areanticipated.
26 Personal Protective Equipment Policies and Procedures Wear PPE at all times when requiredRemove PPE immediately or as soon as feasible when garment is contaminated.Remove PPE prior to leaving work area and placed in designated area for storage, washing, decontamination or disposal.Replace single use disposable gloves as soon as feasible when contaminated or punctured, and when task is completed. Do not wash or decontaminate disposable gloves for reuse.Decontaminate non-disposable gloves if intact. Discard when cracked, peeled, torn, punctured, or show signs of deterioration.
27 Contaminated Sharps Policy Statement Precautions shall be observed when handlingcontaminated disposable or reusable sharps.PURPOSE:To prevent exposure to blood or other potentiallyinfectious material by sharp objects.
28 Contaminated Sharps Procedures Learn where sharps containers are located in your work area.Dispose of sharps container when 3/4 full and place in designated area for pickup. Do not allow containers to be overfilled.Place contaminated disposable sharps directly into sharps container.Never compact trash into wastebaskets with hands or feet.
29 Infectious Wastes Policy Statement Infectious wastes shall be identified, segregatedwhere it is generated and contained during collection,transportation and storage.PURPOSE:To prevent injury and exposure to blood orother potentially infectious materials.
30 Infectious Wastes Waste Designations Sharps -- Dispose into sharps container.Infectious Waste -- Dispose into red bag (biohazard bag).Solid Waste -- Dispose into regular garbage.
31 Infectious Wastes Procedures Sharps -- Dispose into sharps container.Here at the MU, we have a Sharps Container in the tool-shop andanother in the Ballroom Custodial Closet. Notify your Coordinatorwhen it is more than ¾ filled.Infectious Waste -- Dispose into red bag (biohazard bag).Here at the MU, we have a “Bio-Bucket” in the Ballroom CustodialCloset. It contains bags and some PPE you might need to clean upa bio-hazard mess. The red bag of mess gets placed in the bucketand you notify your Coordinator or Building Manager that we needan EH&S pickup.Solid Waste -- Dispose into regular garbage.
32 Infectious Wastes Procedures Wear gloves when handling infectious waste containers.Segregate infectious waste from regular garbage at the point of use.Place infectious waste into red bag.Close infectious waste containers or red bags prior to transport.Place into a second bag if the outside of the container is contaminated.Transport directly to designated area for pickup by infectious waste contract service. (OSU Environmental Health Services)Never place red bags into regular garbage.
33 Biohazard Communication Policy StatementBiohazard signs or red/orange color coding shall be usedto identify containers of blood or other infectious materials.PURPOSE:To provide a warning of a potential bloodbornepathogens hazard to employees.
34 Biohazard Communication ProceduresWear gloves when handling containers marked with biohazard markings.Handle all containers marked with biohazard markings according to policies and procedures.Never place any containers marked with biohazard markings into regular garbage.
35 Cleanup Procedures -- Minor Spills Bloodborne PathogenCleanup Procedures -- Minor SpillsInstall warning signs like wet floor signs or floor cones to warn others of the potential danger.Put on the appropriate PPE including gloves.Apply the appropriate disinfectant and follow label directions. (Hepastat 256)Contain and remove the spill using an absorbent barrier like a paper towel.Dispose of the towel into a biohazard bag once it has absorbed the fluid.
36 Cleanup Procedures -- Minor Spills Bloodborne PathogenCleanup Procedures -- Minor Spillscontinued…Once the fluid has been removed, clean the area again using HepastatDispose of all contaminated materials into the biohazard bags.Carefully remove dispose of gloves.Remove warning tape and/or wet floor signs.Wash hands properly with antiseptic hand soap.
37 Major Spills on Hard Floors Bloodborne PathogenCleanup ProceduresMajor Spills on Hard FloorsInstall warning signs like wet floor signs or warning tape to warn others of the potential danger.Put on the appropriate PPE including gloves, boots, coveralls etc….Apply the disinfectant solution to the spill using the mop without allowing the mop head to touch the spill. Allow solution time to work.Using the mop, pick up the spill until it is gone. (the Hepastat has neutralized the BBP so it is now ok for the mop to make contact with the mess).
38 Major Spills on Hard Floors Bloodborne PathogenCleanup ProceduresMajor Spills on Hard Floorscontinued…Dispose of the contaminated solution in the mop bucket.Pour it down the drain on the dock, followed by a water & Hepastat rinse.Mop the soiled area again using a clean mop and disinfectant solution.Dispose of all contaminated materials into the biohazard bags.Carefully remove and properly clean, store or dispose of gloves and PPE.Remove warning tape and/or wet floor signs.Properly cleanup mop bucket, mop and other equipment.Wash hands properly with antiseptic hand soap.
39 Major Spills on Carpets Bloodborne PathogenCleanup ProceduresMajor Spills on CarpetsInstall warning signs like wet floor signs or warning tape to warn others of the potential danger.Wash hands properly with antiseptic hand soap.Put on the appropriate PPE including gloves.Apply the disinfectant solution to the spill using the mop without allowing the mop head to touch the spill. Allow solution time to work.Using a wet-dry vacuum or extractor to pick up the spill until it is gone.Apply the disinfectant solution and wet-dry vacuum or extractor again until the spill is gone.Empty and cleanup the mop bucket, extractor or wet-dry vacuum.Dispose of all contaminated materials into the biohazard bags.Carefully remove and properly clean, store or dispose of gloves.Remove warning tape and/or wet floor signs.
40 Sanitary GuidelinesUse a "quat" hospital strength, disinfectant-cleaner for most surfaces.Use intermediate level (TB or HIV/HBV effective) disinfectant cleaner when gross contamination is present.Use universal precaution when approaching surfaces with gross contamination of blood or body fluids.Require good cleaning and hygiene practices be followed at all times.Require wearing of appropriate PPE at all times during cleaning and disinfection.
41 for Gross Contamination Clean-Up Proceduresfor Gross ContaminationWear appropriate PPERemove gross contaminationDispose of gross contaminationUse TB or HIV/HBV effective productDispose of PPEWash hands thoroughly
42 Ways Workers Can Protect Themselves Watch for hazard warning labelsRead product labelsFollow Safety GuidelinesAsk for assistanceReview the MSDS
43 Wear appropriate gloves Inspect gloves before use Hand and Skin ProtectionWear appropriate glovesInspect gloves before useDiscard damaged gloves immediatelyKeep gloves washed and clean
44 Chemical Safety Guidelines Never remove or deface labelsLabel all secondary containersNever mix chemicalsMeasure chemicals accuratelyAvoid spraying fine mistsWear PPE at all times during workNo food or drink while using chemicals
45 Protection Guidelines Some AdditionalProtection GuidelinesStore chemicals safely and securelyBeware storing chemicals above eye levelNever take chemicals home from workDon't inhale chemicals from containerNever remove and leave lids off containersDon't allow access to chemicals by untrained or unauthorized personnel
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