Presentation on theme: "Kathy-Ann Caesar Meteorologist"— Presentation transcript:
1Kathy-Ann Caesar Meteorologist WMO 16th congress Wmo meteorologist, wMO ANNEXS and its implications, with emphasis on aeronautical meteorologyKathy-Ann CaesarMeteorologist
2Issues with Aeronautical training recommendations? ICAO-Annex 3 (standard) WMO No 49 (standard) WMO 258 (guideline)Is WMO – a guideline or a standard?Should there be a link between WMO classifications and specific jobs?National Meteorological and Hydrological Services are required by the 17th edition of Annex 3 of ICAO, paragraph (from 15 November 2012) to implement recognized quality management systems with the recommendation that they should be certified according to the International Organization for Standardization Standard 9001:2008
4Expert PanelsEC Panel of ExpertsClassification and qualifications of meteorological personnelTask Team on Aeronautical Forecaster QualificationGuidance on the training processTechnical CommissionsCompetencies and associated education and training requirements for particular tasksCommission for Aeronautical Meteorology (CAeM)WMO Executive Council LXIIWMO 16th Congress
5WMO Congress XVI - Outcomes New definitions of Meteorological PersonnelApproved New WMO Technical Regulations No. 49.Approved the replacement documents to WMO Publication No th edition the Guidelines to Education document.Approved the Aeronautical Meteorology Programme that links job tasks to qualifications rather than classificationsCongress strongly supported the introduction of a competency-based system for personnel in aeronautical meteorology
6Documents RenamedAdopted - Annex I to this resolution, as Chapter B.4, WMO Technical Regulations (WMO-No. 49), Volume I;Adopted - the text in Annex II is the replacement for WMO Publication No. 258, Volume I, Meteorology.WMO Members are urges to:“Take the lead in consulting with the appropriate national and regional bodies to define the academic qualifications required by Meteorologists in their countries (states)”Cg-XVI/B/WP 6.2 – Appendix C. Draft Resolution 6.2/2 (Cg-XVI) – Definition of Meteorologist and Meteorological Technician
7Proposed New Definition MeteorologistOld DefinitionA person who holds a university-level degree or equivalent; has acquired an appropriate level of knowledge of mathematics, physics, chemistry and computer science; and has completed the Basic Instruction Package for MeteorologistProposed New DefinitionA person that has successfully completed the Basic Instruction Package for Meteorologist (BIP- M) requirements
8New definitionCongress confirmed the amendment of the definition of Meteorologist and Meteorological Technician :“Meteorologist –a person who has successfully completed the Basic Instruction Package for Meteorologists (BIP-M) requirements at university degree-level”, and“Meteorological Technician –a person who has successfully completed the Basic Instruction Package for Meteorological Technicians (BIP-MT) requirements”.The implementation date for the changed definitions and Basic Instruction Packages will be December 2013;coincides with the requirement for meteorological service providers to ensure that their personnel meet the aeronautical meteorological personnel competencies. It provides 3 years before these same personnel have to show that they have successfully completed the BIP-M (aeronautical Met paper). There is no grandfathering clause, People qualifying as meteorologist under the current definition will not have to do anything extra when the new one comes into effect. However they are expected to have continued their professional development and if in aviation there would be an expectation that they can document this professional development.Cg-XVI/B/WP 6.2 – Appendix C. Draft Resolution 6.2/2 (Cg-XVI) – Definition of Meteorologist and Meteorological Technician
9ImplicationsDecember 2013 coincides with the requirement for meteorological service providers to ensure that their personnel meet the aeronautical meteorological personnel competencies.NMS personnel have to show that they have successfully completed the BIP-M.No grandfathering clause. Qualified meteorologist under the current definition will not have to do anything extraHowever they are expected to have continued their professional development andThose in aviation are expected to have documented this professional development.
10Impact on Aeronautical Meteorological Personnel Resolution 18 (EC-LXII) and the Abridged Final Report with Resolutions of the Sixty-first Session of the Executive Council (WMO-No. 1041) and in particular its paragraphWMO Members has responsibility to decide what particular job in their organization should be held by a Meteorologist or Meteorological Technician.For ICAO regulated aeronautical meteorological forecast services, AMF should be Meteorologists and, in compliance with ICAO QMS requirements,‘should’ will become a ‘shall’ in November 2016 (the terminology change thus making it a standard).In line with ICAO provisions, all international air navigation meteorological service providers must, by November 2013, be able to demonstrate to ICAO and their respective national regulators that their AMP are able to provide evidence that they satisfy the competence standards set by CAeM. Cg-XVI/A/WP 11.6 Appendix B.- Draft Resolution 11.6/1 (Cg-XVI) – Aeronautical Meteorology Programme
11Non-degree educational programme WMO recognizes:Regional education and training institutions (RMTCs), provide a programme of study that covers all of the BIP-M requirements, but does not lead to a formal qualification such as a degree etc*.Such Institutions are expected to demonstrate that their programme attains the required WMO level, especially in terms of its breadth and depth of the BIP-M;Such a graduate will be deemed to have attained the level of a WMO meteorologistIn the case of aeronautical meteorology, the graduate is an Aeronautical Meteorological Forecaster (AMF)Annex II – Guidelines to the implementations on the education and training standards in Meteorology and Hydrology Vol-I Meteorology
12Basic Instruction Package for Meteorologists Specifies the Basic Instruction Package for Meteorologists (BIP-M) in terms of learning outcomesPhysical meteorology, including air quality and observing technology;Dynamic meteorology, including Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP);Synoptic meteorology, including mesoscale meteorology and weather prediction;Climatology, including both the traditional statistical description and the modern dynamical study and interpretation of the climate, as well as climate prediction;
13BIP-M Learning OUTcomes A person who has successfully completed the BIP-M programme of study are able to:Demonstrate systematic understanding of their field of study;Accurately deploy established techniques of analysis and enquiry used in their field of study, and apply the learnt methods and techniques to review, consolidate, extend and apply their knowledge and understanding;Use conceptual understanding that allows arguments to be devised and sustained and apply the understanding to the solving of problems in their field of study;Critically evaluate arguments, assumptions, abstract concepts and data whilst taking into account the uncertainty, ambiguity and limits of knowledge of their field of study;Communicate information, ideas, problems and solutions about their field of study to both specialist and non-specialist audiences.
14qualifications and job competencies Successful completion of the BIP-M …. does not mean that an individual is immediately able to competently perform a subsequent job;Qualifications fall into two broad categories:Academic qualifications – ..awarded by a college or university. …..specified in terms of a set of learning outcomes that have to be satisfied.Vocational (professional) qualifications – …..awarded by a training institution or professional body. …..specified in terms of a set of competencies that have to be demonstratedA Job will now have an associated set of competence standards defined by the required specialized knowledge, skills and behaviours.Acquiring these competencies will require job-specific education and training that goes beyond the BIP-M and BIP-MT requirements.Qualifications fall into two broad categories:Academic qualifications – these are generally awarded by a college or university. They are often specified in terms of a set of learning outcomes that have to be satisfied.Vocational (professional) qualifications – these are generally awarded by a training institution or professional body. They are usually specified in terms of a set of competencies that have to be demonstrated
15Competency Hierachy Second-level Competencies Top-level Competencies Annex I [WMO 49 Vol 1] StandardsSecond-level CompetenciesDescribe and elaborate on the standardsNational CompetenciesUse examples of the second level to adapt the top-level competencies to suit the national situation
16Simplified Previous requirement AMF meet competency standards by 2013 AMF = WMO Meteorologist by 2016WMO Meteorologist = BIP-M plus university degree or equivalentTodayAMF = BIP-MWMO Meteorologist = BIP-M
17Top-level competencies Conditions Annex I – WMO EC-LXII (2010) approved Aeronautical Meteorological Personnel Competence StandardsAn Aeronautical Meteorological Forecaster,For the area and airspace of responsibility,In consideration of the impact of meteorological phenomena and parameters on aviation operations, andIn compliance with aviation user requirements, international regulations, local procedures and priorities,Should1, in taking into account conditions A to C, have successfully completed the BIP-M2 and should3 be able to:Analyse and monitor continuously the weather situation;Forecast aeronautical meteorological phenomena and parameters;Warn of hazardous phenomena;Ensure the quality of meteorological information and services; andCommunicate meteorological information to internal and external users
18Top level competencies An Aeronautical Meteorological Observer,For the area and airspace of responsibility,In consideration of the impact of meteorological phenomena and parameters on aviation operations, andIn compliance with aviation user requirements, international regulations, local procedures and priorities,Should3, in taking into account conditions A to C be able to:Monitor continuously the weather situation;Observe and record aeronautical meteorological phenomena and parameters;Ensure the quality of the performance of systems and of meteorological information; andCommunicate meteorological information to internal and external users.
19CIMH responseSLMT course now contains a more detailed climatology practical sessions;Aeronautical Meteorology and Forecast Office Simulation now have a higher pass mark (60%);The institution of the Operational Aeronautical Forecasters’ Course for meteorology graduates who wish to work in a forecaster office;Greater emphasis on briefings and application of student knowledge;Institution of an On the Job training manual;Development of an online ‘Continuing Professional Development’ course.