Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

1 Ethernet Wiring Qutaibah Malluhi CSE Department Qatar University.

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "1 Ethernet Wiring Qutaibah Malluhi CSE Department Qatar University."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Ethernet Wiring Qutaibah Malluhi CSE Department Qatar University

2 2 Network Interface Cards CPU can't process data at network speeds –Computers use special purpose hardware for network connection Typically a separate card in the backplane –Network adapter card or network interface card (NIC) –Connector at back of computer then accepts cable to physical network NIC is built for one kind of physical network –Ethernet interface can't be used with token ring –ATM interface can't be used with FDDI Some NICs can be used with different, similar hardware –Thick, thin and 10Base-T Ethernet –10Mbps and 100Mbps Ethernet

3 3 NICs

4 4 NIC and CPU NIC processes network frames independent of the CPU Looks like any other I/O device to system CPU –System CPU forms message request –Sends instructions to NIC to transmit data –Receives interrupt on arrival of incoming data

5 5 Ethernet Wiring Network technology not limited to one style of connection Ethernet Technologies –Three wiring schemes correspond to three generations –All run same link speed of 10Mbps –All use same frame format –All are Ethernet

6 6 Original Ethernet Wiring - Thicknet Used thick coaxial cable -- Called thicknet Formal name 10Base5 -- Each segment can be up to 500m and 100 stations AUI cable (or transceiver or drop cable connects from NIC to transceiver AUI cable carries digital signal from NIC to transceiver Transceiver generates analog signal on coax Wires in AUI cable carry digital signals, power and other control signals Requires termination to avoid signal reflectance

7 7 Connection of a station to the medium using 10Base5

8 8 Connection Multiplixers Transceivers can be inconvenient –e.g., workstations in a lab Connection multiplexor connects multiple computers to a single transceiver Connection multiplexor completely invisible to attached computers

9 9 Thin Ethernet Wiring - Thinnet Uses thinner coax –cheaper and easier to install than thick Ethernet coax Transceiver electronics built into NIC –NIC connects directly to network medium Coax cable uses BNC connector Formal name 10Base2 -- Each segment can be up to 200m and 30 stations

10 10 Connection of stations to the medium using 10Base2

11 11 Thinnet Illustration

12 12 Hub-based 10BaseT Uses a hub -- Replaces thick coax with hub Formal name 10BaseT -- Each segment can be up to 100m and runs on twisted pair Called 10Base-T, twisted pair or TP Ethernet Replaces AUI cable with twisted pair cable

13 13 Connection of stations to the medium using 10Base-T

14 14 10BaseT illustration Sometimes called ``Ethernet-in-a- box'' Effectively a very short Ethernet with very long AUI cables Can be connected into larger Ethernets

15 15 Office Ethernet Wiring

16 16 Comparing Ethernet Wiring Schemes Thicknet: –Separate transceiver allows computer to be changed or disconnected without disrupting other communication –Transcievers are inconvenient »located in difficult to reach place »Finding malfunctioning transceiver can be hard Thinnet –Lower cost than thicknet. Coax takes minimum cabling –Disconnecting one computer (or one loose connection) can disrupt entire network 10Base-T –Hub wiring centralizes management and makes it easier –Bottom line - 10BaseT most popular because of cost

17 17 Extending Ethernet More details in the next chapter Example: –Multiple Ethernet segments can be connected using repeaters (no more than four => total length 2,500m).

18 18 Wiring Scheme Adapters AUI to ThinnetAUI to 10BaseT

19 19 Logical and Physical Topologies Physically –Original Ethernet used bus topology –Modern Ethernet uses star topology In fact, modern Ethernet is –Physical star –Logical bus –Called star-shaped bus Distinguish between logical and physical topologies –10BaseT logical topology is a bus; wiring topology is a star –Token Ring logical topology is a ring; wiring topology is a star »Token Ring hub: Ring-in-a-box

20 20 Summary Network interface card (NIC) –connects computer system to network –operates independently of the system CPU –Typically uses interrupts to interact with CPU Many physical wiring schemes are available for a logical network topology Three basic Ethernet wiring schemes –10Base5, 10Base2, and 10BaseT 10Base-T is a logical bus and a physical star

Download ppt "1 Ethernet Wiring Qutaibah Malluhi CSE Department Qatar University."

Similar presentations

Ads by Google