Presentation on theme: "Disaster Management Activities in Sri Lanka by Major General Gamini Hettiarachchi (Retd) Director General Disaster Management Centre."— Presentation transcript:
Disaster Management Activities in Sri Lanka by Major General Gamini Hettiarachchi (Retd) Director General Disaster Management Centre
Post Tsunami Disaster Risk Reduction Measures Legal and Institutional frameworks. Road Map Capacity building, Preparedness measures and reaction capacities. Early Warning systems including forecasting, dissemination of warnings and Last Mile activities.
Legal and Institutional Frameworks
Provides for a Framework for Disaster Risk Management (DRM) in Sri Lanka Addresses Disaster Management (DM) holistically, leading to a policy shift from response based mechanisms to a proactive approach Sri Lanka Disaster Management Act; No.13 of 2005
Floods Droughts Landslides Industrial Hazards Tsunami (Seismic Wave) Earthquakes Air Hazards Fire Epidemics Explosions Air Raids Civil or Internal Strife Chemical Accidents Radiological Emergency Oil Spills Nuclear Disaster Urban and Forest Fire Coastal Erosion Tornadoes, Lightening Strikes and Severe Thunder Storms Hazards that come under the purview of the DMC
National Council For Disaster Management DMC Social Services Home Affairs Health Defence Power Coast Conservation Housing Irrigation Science & Technology Rehabilitation & Reconstruction Police Land Fisheries & Aquatic Resources Education Highways Water Supply Urban Development Foreign Affairs Finance Environment Ministers in charge of National Council for Disaster Management Chair Person : H.E. President Vice Chairman: Hon. Prime Minister Ministry of Disaster Management & Human Rights Ministers in charge of
The Disaster Management Centre (DMC) was established in August 2005 as the lead agency in disaster risk management in the country In December 2005, the Ministry for Disaster Management was established. On January 2006, above Ministry was renamed as the Ministry of Disaster Management & Human Rights with human right portfolio being added to the Ministry
Organizational Structure Disaster Management Centre Organizational Structure Disaster Management Centre (Director General) National Consultants Personnel & Administration Branch Media Unit Finance Branch 24 x 7 National Emergency Operation Centre Training, Education & Public Awareness Unit Preparedness Planning Unit Multi-Hazard Early warning & Dissemination Unit District Emergency Operation Centres (DRM Coordinators) Disaster Management Assistants Intermediate & Local Levels National Level Tech. Com. in each division Disaster Management Technology, Mitigation Unit Risk Assessment, Data Collection, Research & Analysis Centre
DOM Multi-Hazards Warning Dissemination System 24/7 Emergency Operation Rooms District Disaster Management Committee Divisional Disaster Management Committee Dissemination of Warning Regional & International Organizations Multi-Hazards Early Warning Dissemination Unit of the DMC Government Agencies, Critical Agencies & Stakeholders Police Media & General Public Military UN System, INGOs, NGOs PWTSNBRO Atomic Energy Authority NARADOIGSMB Provincial Councils District Secretariats Divisional Secretariats Local Authorities Police Stations Hospitals Government Dpt. NGOs, CBOs CCD Villa level DM Committees Receiving Early Warnings Speaker Sys.Bells / SirensMessengers Riders / Cyclers Radio Comm Fax Internet Satellite com SLT/ Dialog, SMS Police Com Military Com Cell Broad. Warning Towers DEWNS Radio / TV Out Puts
24 x 7 National Emergency Operations Centre
Relief and response work during recent flood & landslide disasters in the country has been coordinated effectively
Disaster Management Centre District Secretary District Disaster Management Committee Prov. Level Disaster Management Committee District Disaster Management Coordinators Local Authority Committees Emergency Op. Rooms Govt. Departments Military & Police Private Sector NGOs/ Civil Societies Div. Level Committees GN Committees Village volunteer Committees Early Warning, Medical / Health, Search & Rescue, Camp Management & Security Committees Business Communities Disaster Risk Management Mechanism at Sub-national Level
Devolved Disaster Management Framework National Disaster Management Coordinating Committee Provincial / District Disaster Management Committees Divisional Disaster Management Committees Community Disaster Management Committee Sub Committees Early Warning, Medical / Health Search & Rescue Camp Management Village Security
National DRM Committees National advisory Committee Emergency Response Committee Disaster Victim Identification Building Guideline Committee Colombo Flood Committee
The Roadmap Towards a Safer Sri Lanka The Roadmap is a 10 year DRM framework to be addressed in a systematic manner with the involvement of all relevant stakeholders. These priorities of actions are consistent with the Sri Lanka DM Act No. 13 of 2005 and also in line with the Hyogo Framework For Action
Community Capacity Building, Preparedness Measures & Response Capacities
Risk Awareness & Knowledge Building
Awareness and Knowledge Creation among the Stakeholders
Training of Stakeholders
Knowledge and Awareness Building in Communities and Stakeholders for Risk Reduction
Participatory Hazard Mapping to identify safe routes and safe areas
Participatory Hazard Mapping in Vulnerable Communities
Mock Drills to ensure response capacities Community Evacuation Plans
Evacuation Mock Drills
Lidar Survey of the coastal belt was carried out with Italian Government sponsorship.
Community Response Capacity Community response capacity enhance through the training of village level volunteers for the following; First Aid Life Saving Swimming Boat handling Leadership (Outward Bound Training) Search & Rescue Camp Management
Preparedness & Response Plans National Level Plans Provincial Level Plans District Level Plans Divisional Level Plans Gramaniladhari Level Plans
Preparation of SOPs Preparation of SOPs at National, District, Divisional and Community Levels.
Disaster Management Plans School Preparedness Plans. Institutional Preparedness Plans Hospital Preparedness Plans for mass casualty transfer.
DMC has established a Committee for Development of Guidelines for Construction in Disaster Prone Areas Hazard specific Building Codes for Landslides, Cyclone, Flood prone areas and for Seismic Activity has been finalized. The Department of National Housing has compiled Building Codes for Tsunami prone areas which are pending finalization. Building Codes
Early Warning Systems including Forecasting, Dissemination of Warnings and Last Mile Activities
Technical Agencies involved in issuing warnings Meteorological Department National Building Research Organization Irrigation Department Coast Conservation Department National Aquatic Resources Agency Geological Survey & Mines Bureau Health Department (Epidemiology Unit)
Multi-Hazard Early Warning System Warning Given by Technical Agencies DMC & Other Relevant Agencies Vulnerable Communities
Methods of Dissemination Mass Media (TV/Radio/News papers) Police/Military Communication Multi Hazard Warning Towers DEWN Devices HF/VHF Communications Telephones/CDMA/GSM Satellite Communication Internet Cell Broadcast/ SMS RANET
Seeking a Reliable Communication System for “Last Mile” In cooperation with CBDM
Last Mile Activity Community level Messengers/Runners Motor cyclists/Cyclists /Three Wheelers Sirens/Bells Speaker systems in villages Telephone/Mobiles Police vehicles with speakers Hand held VHF set DEWN TV Telephones Mobile/SMS RADIO E- Communi cation RANET Warning Towers
LANDSLIDE WARNING Public Announcements through Radio, TV (Cyclones, Floods, Landslides) NBRO Traditional communication systems in villages Public Evacuation Near Real Time Landslide Early Warning
DMC District NBRO Police DOI Media Intra-gov. Network DOM Community Information Transfer Data Analysis Warning Evacuation Early Warning Network Observation JICA Funded
End-to-End EW System in Pilot Project Satellite Telephone Line AWS DOM DOI Rainfall Gauge Waterlevel Gauge DMC District DM Coordinator Grant Aid Project Pilot Project in Kelani River Basin DS Office Last Mile
Grant Aid : Meteorological Information Network 38 Automatic Weather Stations Satellite DOM Real Time Monitoring of Meteorological Data
50 x Tsunami Warning Towers in the coastal zones. VHF / HF Radio Communication System to be established. 10 line call centre to be established. Establishment of 10 EOCs at District levels. Establish community based Fire fighting capacity. Community based rainfall assessment for localized Early Warning capacity. Last Mile Warning Dissemination to be strengthened. Vertical Tsunami evacuation structure to be built at selected locations.
Land Use & Coastal Management Plans
A National Land Use Policy has been approved by the Cabinet of Ministers recently. The Coastal Zone Management Plan of 1997 formulated by the CCD defines policy for management of the coastal area. Integration of land use and hazard zonation will provide a tool for planners to make appropriate decisions during development planning.
National Level Activities National DM plan to be approved National Policy to be approved DesInventar to be consolidated SLDRN to be consolidated Risk Profile to be completed SMS & Cell broadcasting on going Safety Day Celebration to be continued CBDRM Manual Streamlining gender to Disaster Management ICS to be integrated Ranet to be consolidated Colombo Flood Mitigation Programme to be completed JICA Projects on going USTDA Projects (SIAC) DM Communication & Response Capacity Development Project - ICET Strengthening Local Authorities UNESCAP – Communication Project School Disaster Management Activity -UN OCHA funded Environmental Project – Funded by the Korean Government
Consolidation of DM Activities in Line with the HFA