Presentation on theme: "Disaster Management Activities in Sri Lanka"— Presentation transcript:
1Disaster Management Activities in Sri Lanka byMajor General Gamini Hettiarachchi (Retd)Director GeneralDisaster Management Centre
2Post Tsunami Disaster Risk Reduction Measures Legal and Institutional frameworks.Road MapCapacity building, Preparedness measures andreaction capacities.Early Warning systems including forecasting,dissemination of warnings and Last Mile activities.
4Sri Lanka Disaster Management Act; No.13 of 2005 Provides for a Framework for Disaster Risk Management (DRM) in Sri LankaAddresses Disaster Management (DM) holistically, leading to a policy shift from response based mechanisms to a proactive approach
5Hazards that come under the purview of the DMC Air RaidsCivil or Internal StrifeChemical AccidentsRadiological EmergencyOil SpillsNuclear DisasterUrban and Forest FireCoastal ErosionTornadoes, Lightening Strikes and Severe Thunder StormsFloodsDroughtsLandslidesIndustrial HazardsTsunami (Seismic Wave)EarthquakesAir HazardsFireEpidemicsExplosions
6National Council For Disaster Management Ministers in charge ofMinisters in charge ofSocial ServicesNational Council for Disaster ManagementChair Person : H.E. PresidentVice Chairman: Hon. Prime MinisterPoliceRehabilitation & ReconstructionFinanceLandHome AffairsFisheries & Aquatic ResourcesHealthScience & TechnologyForeign AffairsMinistry of Disaster Management & Human RightsWater SupplyHousingHighwaysCoast ConservationUrban DevelopmentIrrigationEducationPowerDMCEnvironmentDefence
7The Disaster Management Centre (DMC) was established in August 2005 as the lead agency in disaster risk management in the countryIn December 2005, the Ministry for Disaster Management was established. On January 2006, above Ministry was renamed as the Ministry of Disaster Management & Human Rights with human right portfolio being added to the Ministry
8Organizational Structure Disaster Management Centre National LevelDisaster Management Centre(Director General)National ConsultantsTech. Com. in each divisionRisk Assessment, Data Collection, Research & Analysis CentreDisaster ManagementTechnology, Mitigation UnitMulti-Hazard Early warning & DisseminationUnitPreparedness PlanningUnitTraining, Education & Public AwarenessUnit24 x 7 National Emergency Operation CentrePersonnel &Administration BranchFinance BranchMedia UnitIntermediate & Local LevelsDistrict Emergency Operation Centres(DRM Coordinators)Disaster Management Assistants
9Receiving Early Warnings Multi-Hazards Warning Dissemination SystemAtomic Energy AuthorityPWTSDOMNBRONARADOIGSMBCCDRegional & International OrganizationsReceiving Early WarningsGovernment Agencies, Critical Agencies & StakeholdersPoliceMedia & General PublicMilitaryUN System, INGOs, NGOsRadio CommFaxInternetSatellite comSLT/ Dialog, SMSPolice ComMilitary ComCell Broad.Warning TowersDEWNSRadio / TVMulti-Hazards Early Warning Dissemination Unit of the DMCOut PutsDissemination of Warning24/7 Emergency Operation RoomsProvincial CouncilsDistrict SecretariatsDivisional SecretariatsLocal AuthoritiesPolice StationsHospitalsGovernment Dpt.NGOs, CBOsDistrict Disaster Management CommitteeDivisional Disaster Management CommitteeVilla level DM CommitteesSpeaker Sys.Bells / SirensMessengersRiders / Cyclers
15The Roadmap Towards a Safer Sri Lanka The Roadmap is a 10 year DRM framework to be addressed in a systematic manner with the involvement of all relevant stakeholders. These priorities of actions are consistent with the Sri Lanka DM Act No. 13 of 2005 and also in line with the Hyogo Framework For Action
27Lidar Survey of the coastal belt was carried out with Italian Government sponsorship.
28Community Response Capacity Community response capacity enhance through the training of village level volunteers for the following;First AidLife SavingSwimmingBoat handlingLeadership (Outward Bound Training)Search & RescueCamp Management
32Preparation of SOPsPreparation of SOPs at National, District, Divisional and Community Levels.
33Disaster Management Plans School Preparedness Plans.Institutional Preparedness PlansHospital Preparedness Plans for mass casualty transfer.
34Building CodesDMC has established a Committee for Development of Guidelines for Construction in Disaster Prone AreasHazard specific Building Codes for Landslides, Cyclone, Flood prone areas and for Seismic Activity has been finalized.The Department of National Housing has compiled Building Codes for Tsunami prone areas which are pending finalization.
35Early Warning Systems including Forecasting, Dissemination of Warnings and Last Mile Activities
36Technical Agencies involved in issuing warnings Meteorological DepartmentNational Building Research OrganizationIrrigation DepartmentCoast Conservation DepartmentNational Aquatic Resources AgencyGeological Survey & Mines BureauHealth Department (Epidemiology Unit)
37Multi-Hazard Early Warning System Warning Given by Technical AgenciesDMC & Other Relevant AgenciesVulnerable Communities
38Methods of Dissemination Mass Media (TV/Radio/News papers)Police/Military CommunicationMulti Hazard Warning TowersDEWN DevicesHF/VHF CommunicationsTelephones/CDMA/GSMSatellite CommunicationInternetCell Broadcast/ SMSRANET
39Seeking a Reliable Communication System for “Last Mile” In cooperation withCBDM
40Telephones Mobile/SMS Last Mile ActivityCommunity levelMessengers/Runners Motor cyclists/Cyclists /Three Wheelers Sirens/Bells Speaker systems in villages Telephone/Mobiles Police vehicles with speakers Hand held VHF set DEWNTVRADIORANETE-CommunicationTelephones Mobile/SMSWarning Towers
41Traditional communication systems in villages Near Real Time Landslide Early WarningNBROTraditional communication systems in villagesLANDSLIDEWARNINGPublic Announcements through Radio, TV (Cyclones, Floods, Landslides)Public Evacuation
42Early Warning Network JICA Funded Observation Observation Information TransferDOIDOMInformation TransferData AnalysisDMCCommunityDistrictNBROWarningEvacuationWarningEnd-to-end early warning system is one of visible and useful output from JICA projects,During the project period through our pilot and CBDM activity, we try to foster effective and efficient early warning system from one end of observation to another end of evacuation in community. At the end of the project, end-to-end system will be functioned.Community people will be beneficiary of EW system and DMC will be a key actor of the DM activityTherefore, community and DMC will be centered for consideration of this end-to-end early warning system.PoliceMediaJICA FundedIntra-gov. Network
43End-to-End EW System in Pilot Project Grant Aid ProjectSatelliteDistrictDM CoordinatorDMCAWSDOMDSOfficeAs mentioned, two JICA projects has different role.In the preparation of end-to-end EW system, weather observation equipment and communication network will be provided by the grant aid and determination of early warning criteria and community based activities will be carried out in the technical assistance.TelephoneLineLast MileDOIRainfall Gauge Waterlevel GaugePilot Project in Kelani River Basin
44Grant Aid : Meteorological Information Network Real Time Monitoring of Meteorological Data38 Automatic Weather StationsSatelliteDOM
45VHF / HF Radio Communication System to be established. 50 x Tsunami Warning Towers in the coastal zones.VHF / HF Radio Communication System to be established.10 line call centre to be established.Establishment of 10 EOCs at District levels.Establish community based Fire fighting capacity.Community based rainfall assessment for localized Early Warning capacity.Last Mile Warning Dissemination to be strengthened .Vertical Tsunami evacuation structure to be built at selected locations.
46Coastal Management Plans Land Use&Coastal Management Plans
47A National Land Use Policy has been approved by the Cabinet of Ministers recently. The Coastal Zone Management Plan of 1997 formulated by the CCD defines policy for management of the coastal area.Integration of land use and hazard zonation will provide a tool for planners to make appropriate decisions during development planning.
48National Level Activities National DM plan to be approvedNational Policy to be approvedDesInventar to be consolidatedSLDRN to be consolidatedRisk Profile to be completedSMS & Cell broadcasting on goingSafety Day Celebration to be continuedCBDRM ManualStreamlining gender to Disaster ManagementICS to be integratedRanet to be consolidatedColombo Flood Mitigation Programme to be completedJICA Projects on goingUSTDA Projects (SIAC)DM Communication & Response Capacity Development Project - ICETStrengthening Local AuthoritiesUNESCAP – Communication ProjectSchool Disaster Management Activity -UN OCHA fundedEnvironmental Project – Funded by the Korean Government
49Consolidation of DM Activities in Line with the HFA