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Southern Regional Education Board Developing Integrated Curriculum: Tools and Steps Connections Conference Pheasant Run Resort St. Charles, Illinois March.

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Presentation on theme: "Southern Regional Education Board Developing Integrated Curriculum: Tools and Steps Connections Conference Pheasant Run Resort St. Charles, Illinois March."— Presentation transcript:

1 Southern Regional Education Board Developing Integrated Curriculum: Tools and Steps Connections Conference Pheasant Run Resort St. Charles, Illinois March 16, 2011 Lois Barnes SREB/HSTW 1 Welcome!

2 Southern Regional Education Board High Schools That Work (HSTW) The largest and oldest of SREB’s school improvement initiatives 1987 – 27 sites 2010 – 1,000+ sites in 30+ states Additional initiatives Making Middle Grades Work for middle grades schools 1998 – 25 sites; 2010 – 450+ sites in 22 states Technology Centers That Work for shared-time technology centers 2010 – 150+ sites in 15 states

3 Southern Regional Education Board High Schools That Work

4 Southern Regional Education Board HSTW Key Practices High expectations Program of study Academic studies Career/technic al studies Work-based learning Teachers working together Students actively engaged Guidance and advisement Extra help Culture of continuous improvement

5 Southern Regional Education Board Session Objectives To explain the importance of making connections among subjects for students To describe how the tools and first steps of developing an integrated curriculum or unit of study might be undertaken

6 Southern Regional Education Board Essential Questions What is integrated curriculum and why do we need to integrate? How will we determine an interdisciplinary concept and use it to develop the components of an integrated curriculum or unit of study?

7 Southern Regional Education Board DO NOW! Focus on Students and Their Needs 1.Think of a student you knew that never reached his or her potential. Reflect on the student’s problems, as you perceived them. 2.What did the school do - or fail to do- that may have contributed to that student’s problems? 3.In what kind of school environment might this student have come closer to reaching his or her potential? 4.Be ready to share – in about one minute or less.

8 Southern Regional Education Board The brain searches for patterns and interconnections to construct meaning.

9 Southern Regional Education Board Sally first let loose a team of gophers, but the plan backfired when the dog chased them away. She then threw a party, but the guests failed to bring their motorcycles. Furthermore, her stereo system was not loud enough. Sally spent the next day looking for a peeping tom but was unable to find one in the yellow pages. Obscene phone calls gave her some hope until the number was changed. It was the installation of blinking neon lights across the street that finally did the trick. Sally framed the ad from the classified section and now has it hanging on her wall.

10 Southern Regional Education Board In 1367 Marain and the settlements ended a seven- year war with the Langurians and Pitoks. As a result of this war Languria was driven out of East Bacol. Marain would now rule Laman and other lands that had belonged to Languria. This brought peace to the Bacolian settlements.

11 Southern Regional Education Board Integrate According to Webster’s: “to form, coordinate, or blend into a functioning or unified whole; to unite.”

12 Southern Regional Education Board Traditional Integrated Curriculum Curriculum

13 Southern Regional Education Board The master argument for curriculum integration is simply that life is not divided into subjects… Language educators now believe it’s better to integrate listening, speaking, reading, and writing; science educators, biology, physics, chemistry, and earth sciences; arts educators, drama, music, dance and art; math educators, arithmetic, algebra, geometry, and calculus. Perhaps it’s time to intermix these major subjects themselves. -James Moffett

14 Southern Regional Education Board Integrated Curriculum and Instruction Reported Benefits to Students 1.Greater enthusiasm for learning, 2.Increased participation in and completion of learning activities and assignments, 3.Better grasp of concepts and skills, 4.Making connections across disciplines, 5.Fewer discipline problems, and 6.Improved attendance

15 Southern Regional Education Board Integrated Curriculum and Instruction Reported Benefits to Teachers 1.Gain a sense of belonging and support when they work with a group of peers on a daily basis; 2.Contribute their expertise to a team effort and are not overwhelmed by the need to be an expert on all areas of the curriculum; 3.Increased feelings of efficacy, empowerment, and enthusiasm for teaching; 4.Learning from colleagues; 5.Increased creativity; and 6.Professional renewal.

16 Southern Regional Education Board Turn and Talk: Benefits of Curriculum Integration Think about the list of students’ and teachers’ benefits on the previous slide. Which of these student outcomes would you most value in your classroom? Which of these teacher outcomes would you most desire? Hypothesize why curriculum integration might result in these benefits. Pair with someone seated near you. Share your reflections.

17 Southern Regional Education Board

18 Integrated Curriculum Design Options Within a single discipline Across the disciplines Sequenced Shared – team teaching Webbed – thematic teaching approach Threaded – focused on skills throughout the disciplines Integrated – interdisciplinary topics arranged around overlapping concepts Within and Across Learners 18

19 Southern Regional Education Board Parallel Disciplines Parallel Disciplines Multi-disciplinar y Interdisciplinary Integrated Trans-disciplinary Focus is on Content of Disciplines. Focus is on essential concepts and skills. ANOTHER APPROACH: FIVE DESIGN OPTIONS

20 Southern Regional Education Board Developing Standards-Based Integrated Units of Study Map the curriculum. Determine state standards. Select a relevant organizer (theme). Brainstorm associations using a concept web.

21 Southern Regional Education Board Developing Standards-Based Integrated Units of Study (continued) Develop Instructional Plans. SREB recommends this format: Determine the prerequisite knowledge, skills, and habits of success students must know. Establish Essential Questions. Link to high school readiness indicators or state/local standards. Design assessments. Write learning activities.

22 Southern Regional Education Board Tools for Making Connections Problems/Projects (apply knowledge and skills to solve real-world problems) Processes (e.g., scientific investigations, research, reading, writing, metacognition, using technology) Skills (e.g., graphing, analysis, synthesis, evaluation, decision-making Alignment of Knowledge and Skills in One Discipline to Work in Another (formulas and equations, latitude and longitude, writing to learn) Job Roles and Skills (e.g., museum staff, meteorologist, statisticians, architects) Thematic Units (select overlapping ideas, e.g., patterns, the environment, historical periods/events What Else??

23 Southern Regional Education Board Curriculum Mapping Start with a Gallery Walk.

24 Southern Regional Education Board Concept Webbing – Select an Organizer From the curriculum mapping, look for “lucky links” and decide one or two organizing centers, or themes. Brainstorm associations on concept maps (webs). Write the organizer and subject area connections on chart paper and post for everyone to see.

25 Southern Regional Education Board The Goal: “Rich, Rigorous, and Relevant” Curriculum!!

26 Southern Regional Education Board What are Essential Questions? Organizers The conceptual priorities of the unit The focus for the set of activities in a unit Guide for the scope and sequence of the unit Provocative, thought-provoking, with more than one approach to answering “Kid-friendly”

27 Southern Regional Education Board An Essential Question... Poses a student learning objective as an inquiry Invites the student to search for an answer through critical thinking

28 Southern Regional Education Board Are these essential questions? How does a lack of natural resources affect a nation? How do we use symbols in mathematics? What are examples of scarcity in the Americas, Europe, and Oceania? What are the symbols for equality and inequality? Why do you need to recognize an odd, even, prime and composite number? What are even, prime, and composite numbers?

29 Southern Regional Education Board Are these essential questions? (cont.) Does the molecular motion change in each phase of matter? How does the molecular motion change in each phase of matter? What is a numerator and a denominator? What is the relationship between a numerator and a denominator? What was the climate and physical environment of the Eastern Woodlands Indian tribes?

30 Southern Regional Education Board Essential Questions Lead To... UNDERSTANDING FOCUS PURPOSE INCENTIVE ENGAGEMENT

31 Southern Regional Education Board Grades 9 –12 Biology Topic 19: Animal Life Processes Standard: Analyzes the role of the senses in helping humans and other animals to maintain stable internal conditions under changing conditions in their environment Identifies the types of stimuli that can be perceived by each of our senses Compares the capacities of human senses with those of other animals Draws a diagram to show the basic path of information through the human body as sensations are converted into the action of muscles Explains how different types of stimuli - light, sound, pressure, etc. - are converted to impulses that can be carried by neurons Carries out a routine activity with one or more of your senses artificially impaired Analyzes how sense contributes to the body's ability to protect itself and maintain proper conditions for life.

32 Southern Regional Education Board EQ for Biology How do your senses keep you safe?

33 Southern Regional Education Board Essential Questions Lead To... UNDERSTANDING FOCUS PURPOSE INCENTIVE ENGAGEMENT

34 Southern Regional Education Board Essential..... “So important as to be indispensable; implies belonging to the very nature of a thing and therefore being incapable of removal without destroying the thing itself or its character” --Merriam Webster's Collegiate Dictionary Tenth Edition

35 Southern Regional Education Board Essential Questions Lead To... UNDERSTANDING FOCUS PURPOSE INCENTIVE ENGAGEMENT

36 Southern Regional Education Board Standard: General Science (Kindergarten) Recognizes individual uniqueness What makes you special?

37 Southern Regional Education Board Standard: Social Studies (Second) 9. Explains how money is used to facilitate trade and that people spend or save some or all of their available resources What is money used for? Why do people spend and save money? How does your spending money help your community?

38 Southern Regional Education Board Standard: Biology Explain the cellular basis of life 3.1 describe traits which distinguish living from nonliving things 3.2 identify the cell as the basic unit of structure and function 3.3 recognize that cells originate from other cells of like kind 3.4 define biological terms used in identifying general cell functions 3.5 compare/contrast structure & function 3.6 identify common cell organelles and describe the function of each What makes a cell a cell? Where do cells come from? What do cells do? Are all cells the same? Why are cells important?

39 Southern Regional Education Board Essential Questions for Integrated Units For each content area, select a standard that will be addressed and/or assessed that is related to the concept your team has identified for the integrated unit. Write at least one Essential Standard per course/discipline.

40 Southern Regional Education Board A Look at Facilitative Conditions: How Ready is Your School? Think about your school in relation to the elements just described. What at your school supports moving toward integrated curriculum? What impedes?

41 Southern Regional Education Board Thank you for participating! Enjoy the conference! Lois Barnes SREB/HSTW


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