Presentation on theme: "Using the Functional Movement Screen in Team Settings Michael Boyle www.strengthcoach.com www.bodybyboyle.com."— Presentation transcript:
Using the Functional Movement Screen in Team Settings Michael Boyle
Do We Use It? The most common question we get it “do you use the FMS with your teams?” The answer is yes. The next question is “How?” The purpose of this presentation is to answer how and hopefully, why.
Why I Like Gray Cook I like Gray Cook because he helps me to achieve my goals. I want to get my athletes better. I have no financial interest in any of this. This is about results and “best practices”
Do I Use the FMS We use the FMS with every injured athlete. We have used the FMS with enough athletes to see trends.
Who’s Program Is It? It’s yours! I don’t run Gray Cook’s program and you don’t have to either. In fact, I don’t agree with Gray on everything. We use very little of his corrective stuff as we have not found it “group friendly”. As I understand more, I integrate more.
Strength and Conditioning? The question is does Gray Cook and the FMS have the ability to make us better at our jobs? I absolutely believe it does.
An Assessment or A Sales Tool? Stop thinking of the FMS as an assessment and start thinking of it as the best tool you can have to sell your athletes on your program. It may not change what you do but it will change how your players perceive what you do.
What the Results Mean FMS results generally reinforce program design concepts. FMS results direct program design.
A well designed program yields good FMS scores.
What Does This Mean? MBSC example Our coaches all scored very high. Not surprisingly, our coaches at the time were all former athletes who had spent years on our program.
Reinforce? How many of you in the audience have attempted the FMS Rotary Core Stability test?
It’s Easy to Sell Core Training After They Bomb This!
Influence of FMS on the Thought Process The FMS changed the entire way we think, coach and train. The knowledge gained from Gray and correspondingly the FMS, drives our entire thought process.
Follow Thoughts, not Gurus “Stability before mobility” Maybe one of the smartest things I’ve ever heard.
Mobility or Stability Issue? A consistent problem is a mobility issue. Ex- poor squat in standing, inability to flex hips while supine An inconsistent problem is a stability problem.
Continuums Static stretching ( slow or no motion)----- > AROM ( conscious motion, in place > Dynamic Warm-up ( conscious motion, while moving?) A fluid continuum. Where does stuff fit? Does it matter?
Develop Progressions How? Think about movement patterns. Stable to Mobile Confusion?
Movement Progressions or Exercise Progressions? For movement, proper mobility must precede developing stability ( see constructing a warm-up) For exercise progressions the athlete must be able to be stable prior to adding mobility ( i.e. multiplanar actions)
Follow Patterns Transitional postures 1/2 Kneel ( lunge, decrease number of joints to control) Stand ( increase number of joints to control) This follows the stability first idea.
Lift Progression 1/2 Kneel Stable 1/2 Kneel Sequential Standing Step Up Stability to Mobility
1/2 Kneel Stable
1/2 Kneel Sequential
Step Up Lift
Don’t Add Strength to Dysfunction What does this mean? If you can’t squat, don’t squat. Go single leg Don’t modify stance to get depth. If you can’t squat low, don’t squat heavy.
Risk versus Benefit Difficult versus beneficial Difficult versus safe
Thought Process Less joints moving -->more joints moving. Stability to mobility 2 Leg to 1 leg
Single Leg Progression Split Squat ( two stable points) Rear Foot Elevated Split Squat (decrease in stability) 1 Leg Squat ( another decrease in stability)
Rear Foot Elevated
1 Leg Squat
A Totally New Thought Process Different joints need different approaches? You are a stacked pile of joints
Joint Primary Need AnkleMobility KneeStability HipMobility ( ROM +) Lumbar SpineStability Thoracic SpineMobility Scapulo-thoracicStability Gleno-humeralMobility?
Results of Joint Dysfunction Joint dysfunction will effect the joint above or below. Poor ankle mobility=knee pain Poor hip mobility = low back pain Poor t-spine mobility = cervical pain
Without Gray Cook and the FMS, I Wouldn’t Have Had These Thoughts
Hockey Example 18 out of 20 got 2’s on the hurdle step. This indicated an obviously dysfunctional pattern of hip flexion. Finding: poor psoas/iliacus activity Solution: work on hip flexion from the top down
Hockey Players Have Trouble Doing This
Why? Maybe because they are always bent at the waist?
FB Example Abundance of OH Squat 2’s Problem- ankle mobility Solution- add ankle mobility to warm up
Video Examples- Ankle Mobility Progression
Real Life Examples We have made millions ( for others) with FMS data
Quick Thought Is In-Line Lunge a Lunge? By my definition no. I refer to it as a split squat. A static exercise. A lunge has motion and would be classified as dynamic. Lunge has a transitional component. I think Gray is looking at a single leg pattern
Why We Added 1 Leg Squat We think lunge and 1 leg squat are too disimilar. Both at MBSC and at AP we added 1 Leg Squats to the screen.
Example 1- In Line Lunge Subject- NBA All Star Guard Problem- Torn oblique Finding? 0 on the In-Line Lunge on the Left Leg Significance? History of turf toe?
What Does Turf Toe have to do with Oblique Strains? Turf toe led to altered gait Externally rotated hips and supinated feet. Externally rotated hips took away hip mobility for “spin” moves. Lack of hip mobility caused an abdominal tear
Example 2- Chronic Hamstring Strains: NFL Wide Receiver FMS finding 1 Rotary Stability 3 Rotary Mobility The “perfect storm” of back pain. Great mobility w/ no control
The Plot Thickens This guy stopped lifting after college due to numerous back strains. The reality is that he should have never been loaded in college Solution- unilateral program to develop glutes. Previous rehab had centered on hamstrings. Hamstring issues were a symptom of poor glutes, not the cause of the strains. In the absence of glutes, hamstrings will fail every time. They are a secondary extensor.
Example 3- NFL Defensive Lineman Abdominal surgery, back surgery, current complaint L knee pain. 0 Single Leg squat test. Painful collapse on the left.
You Have to Able to do This!
If You Can’t? You’ve got problems. Big problems.
Colts Example 17 w/ 3 assymettries Asymettry is a more significant problem than 2’s
Developing a Strength Program Don’t throw out the baby with the bathwater? You can squat and olympic lift and use the FMS.
What You Need You need to combine your favorite tools with the FMS findings. Look at your poor patterns. Reinforce them in the warm-up or in the workout, or ideally in both
Example 1 Leg Squat progression show previously 1 Leg SLDL pattern ( hip hinge)
1 Leg Good Morning?
1 A 1L SLDL
2A 1L SLDL
Developing a Warm-up How? Joint by Joint The joints that need mobility lose it, the joints that need stability often become unstable. Ex- Lumbar and GH
Hip Mobility ( passive)
Hip Mobility ( active)
T-Spine? Passive ( tennis balls) vs active ( drivers) Be careful of drivers as t-spineoften goes off course and goes lumbar. T- spine is hard ( big band), lumbar is easy ( small band). They should be reversed.
Scapulo-Thoracic Stability and GH Mobility GH mobility sounds like a mistake, it is not.
Conclusion The FMS in team settings may not allow you to help each individual but, the results will clearly help your team. Look for trends and design a team program that corrects your trends.