2Your Text Here What’s the history? Hingham is ahead of the curve. We’ve had multiple programs to encourage positive school community.Second Step curriculum – Grades K -3 and 6- 8Steps to Respect – Grades 3, 4, 5Responsive ClassroomSchool and Grade Level Presentations to Support Positive Community FeelingBee Assemblies: Buzzing with Character programsNew Student Luncheons and Welcome BoardsYour Text Here
3Definitions Bullying – Not all conflict is bullying: Key elements: Repeated use by one or more students of a written, verbal or electronic expression or physical act or gesture...directed at a victiCauses physical or emotional harm to the victim or damage to victim’s property;Creates a hostile environment at school for the victim;
4Definitions continued BullyingInfringes on the rights of the victim at school; orMaterially and substantially disrupts the education process or the orderly operation of a school…includes cyber bullying
5Concept #1 Bullying is different from a conflict or quarrel CONFLICT -When kids quarrel, they usually blame each other.BULLYING – Kids who are victims are afraid of bullies. They’re afraid to blame or fight the bully.
6Characteristics to look for Power differentialTargets = perceived low powerBullies = perceived high powerRepetitionMore than a one-time mean event
7Concept #2Bullying today is different behavior from a generation or two agoWhat’s changed?Who is a bullyWho they targetWhat they actually do
8In the past… Bullies often weren’t popular Victims were usually easy prey
9NOW Bullies are often popular Victims may be pretty, popular, etc. – They just perceive themselves to be vulnerable to bully.Bullying is mainstream – happens everywhere, not hiddenData supports dominance of psychological bullying in school as primary source.
10What can parents do to help Listen to your child:Affirm their feelings.Ask questions. (e.g. Tell me what happened, who was around, where did it happen, how did you respond, what would help)Assess – Try to determine what your child is looking for when telling you. What do they need from you to feel better.Act – Consult with school. You can report anonymously or preferably directly.
11Concept # 3 Gender differences in bullying and cyber bullying Boys more often target non-friends, either boys or girlsGirls more often target friends, primarily other girlsBoys motive = joke/ being coolGirls motive = joke/ anger
12Concept #4 What’s happening online? Big topic – separate presentation We are just beginning to get data, but even elementary school students are going online and can be cyber bullyingTechnology teachers are implementing lessons at each grade regarding safe use of computers/ technology. Elementary school children should not be texting or have access to internet on phones.
13Concept #5What are the frequencies, types and motives of cyber bullying in Massachusetts?- Cyber bullies like anonymity and not seeing the face of their victims.Boys primary reason – joke/ coolGirls primary reason – joke/cool or angryCyber bullies are likely to also be in-school bullies
14Concept #6 Why do we need a whole town approach? Kids experience many settings and feelings spread from one to another – home, school, sports, community…
15What to doIf it’s clearly bullying – gather information from child and report to schoolIf your child won’t talk – encourage them, show by your actions how to handle, stay calmChild supports the “bully” – Don’t try to sit the two down – target may be afraid to confront.
16Gray Zone Behaviors Step 1: Always notice. Most important Step 2: “Separate, don’t mediate”Step 3: Speak to the bully (if you have access)Step 4: Follow up with victim later.Step 5: If it might be bullying – report to school
17What to say when you suspect bullying “I don’t like what I saw you do.” – set acceptable standards for your family.“I don’t’ care if Ryan like it. I don’t like it and I don’t want to see it again.” – don’t be persuaded that mean behavior is acceptable because ‘everyone’ is doing it, or they are just kidding.
18Problem # 2: Getting Past the Snitching Rule There is strong social pressure NOT to talk to adultsYou can report anonymously, as long as you understand that no disciplinary action can be taken solely on an anonymous reportWe need to keep goal in mind : A climate where kids feel safe to talk to adults and are helped to cope with complex interactions.
19Problem #3 How do you prevent problems before they start? A child under your supervision has been known to have problems with bullying:Technique: The “Check –in” – briefly discuss how things are going – show that you are paying attention, even while you are staying positive.
20Summary Bullying isn’t the same thing as a quarrel. Bullying victims may not report to you or ask for help. They may appear to support the bully.Trust what you see and respond.Teach kids to talk about problems, problem-solve.Check in frequently when kids visiting.
21Resources: MARC – Massachusetts Aggression Reduction Center Committee for Children – Sponsor of Second Step and Steps to Respect curriculum
22Parents and Schools Together Important for kids to know that we work collaboratively.We are not afraid of bullies.We can help them.Focus on helping each child.Schools may not be able to share what disciplinary action is taken, but can talk about how to help your child.