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ADS-B Out, In and GNSS Requirements Update

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Presentation on theme: "ADS-B Out, In and GNSS Requirements Update"— Presentation transcript:

1 ADS-B Out, In and GNSS Requirements Update
Europe Link 2000+ CASCADE Pioneer Phase – 2008 DO 260 (AMC 20-24) US Capstone Project Alaska Canada Hudson Bay November 2010 Europe TCAS Change Single European Sky - DO 260B Mandate US ADS-B-out DO 260B Mandate 2020 NRA Atlantic Ocean ATSA – ITP FAA GATI China ADS-B Out NRA Trials Japan R&D UPS/ACSS SafeRoute 2008 Certified ITP US ADS-B-out Infrastructure 2013 Pacific Ocean ATSA-ITP FAA GATI ITP Asia/Pacific ICAO ADS-B Implementation Task Force Ground infrastructure and procedures development ITP Pacific Ocean ATSA-ITP FAA GATI Airborne Traffic Situational Awareness – In-Trail Procedure (ATSA-ITP) Australia ADS-B out Rule 2008 Mandate 2013 1

2 Presentation Outline Overview ADS-B Out ADS-B In
ADS-B In and GNSS Requirements

3 Mandate Summary (DO 260B) Europe - Forward Fit Mandate January 2015
ANSP readiness (ground systems and integration) is the core issue! Europe - Forward Fit Mandate January 2015 Retrofit Mandate now February 2017 or 2018 1 or 2 year slip Australia Upper Airspace (DO 260 ) Voluntary, though separation services being provided today December 2013 Upper Air Space Mandate SA Aware GPS Sensors will be required For forward fit only Canada Hudson Bay & areas with limited SSR coverage (DO 260) November 2010 Exclusionary Airspace 5 NM separation services being offered No plans for a 260B mandate US DO 260B mandated by 2020 No FF to RF segmentation – 100% equipped rule

4 GPS Requirements for DO 260B Mandate
Europe The European Rule asks for (E)TSO-129A as a minimum SA=ON is acceptable Though SA=OFF (Aware) is preferred Canada United States A GPS receiver that is SA Aware will be necessary FAA requirement is for a NACp of 8 100% availability along enroute will determine GPS requirements The quick summary of SA=Off/AWARE or SA=ON Australian rule will require SA Aware for forward fit (2017) FAA rule will require SA Aware at a minimum Europe recommends SA aware (doesn’t require) Canada recommends SA aware (doesn’t require) Though not stated! Likely will require GPS With WAAS. A reading of AC 90-ADS-B is required?

5 Current Surveillance Environment Secondary Surveillance Radar
ADS-B Transponder TCAS / Traffic Computer Current Surveillance Environment Secondary Surveillance Radar ADS-B Out ADS-B In Mode A ADS-B In Applications / C Elementary Enhanced Extended Mode S Mode S Mode S Squitter Receive Merge TCAS & ADS-B Targets Surface Ops In Trail Climb Procedures Visual Separation on Approach Sequencing & Merging Etc. Altitude Flight ID Surveillance ID Selected Alt TAS Position 4096 Code Mach No IAS Velocity ACFT Addr Mag Hdg GS Flt ID, etc Roll Angle VS DO260 or DO260B Track Angle Track Angle Rate SA=OFF GPS Sensor ISS-2100, TPR-901 TSS-4100, TDR-94D GLU-920 or GLU-925 GPS-4000S ISS-2100, TTR-2100 TSS-4100, TTR-4100 5

6 ARINC 718A-3/4 Update - An indication of the changes
The development of DO-260B has required additional changes and more inputs into the transponder GPS Antenna Position to support POA Requires about 32 states for ~ 2 meter accuracy Other installation related issues are being addressed in the A718-4 work POA – Position Offset Applied Current 718A-2 Program Pin Utilization Minor changes are being incorporated in 718A-4

7 Some Pretty Pictures

8 ADS-B Out

9 TDR-94D Transponder – Design Features
Functionality Elementary and Enhanced Surveillance Compliant RTCA DO-181C ADS-B Extended Squitter DO-260A Change 2A Hardware RTCA DO-160D Compliant Software DO-178B Level B Software Design The Mode S transponder provides the transponder and the communication capabilities (data link) required for TCAS. Also certified with Honeywell and ACSS TCAS TDR-94D

10 TPR-901 - Federated Transponder
(Airbus) (Boeing) Elementary Surveillance & Enhanced Surveillance ADS-B Out DO-260 (Extended Squitter) DO-181C and JTSO 2C112b Interface standard ARINC 718A or 718-4 DO-160D (B747-8 Only) ADS-B Out DO-260A Change 2 (Extended Squitter) TSO C166 Updated to DO-181D (ED-73C) and TSO C112c (ETSO C112c) (Airbus) and -205 (Boeing) ADS-B Out DO260B TSO C166b DO-181E (ED-73C) and TSO C112d (ETSO C112c) Interface standard 718A-4 DO-160G For Boeing aircraft SB 503 creates more robust filtering to eliminate position jumping issue. It converts a -003 to a -005. DO 260B Development Underway. Certification planned for 3rd Qtr 2013

11 Integrated Transponder
Business and Regional Aircraft Air Transport Aircraft TSS MCU TCAS, Traffic Computer, XPDR ISS MCU TCAS function/Traffic Computer Transponder, Weather Radar and Terrain Warning functions DO260-B 4th Quarter 2013 11

12 ADS-B In (Traffic Computer)

13 TCAS with Traffic Computer Summary
Next Generation TCAS and Traffic Computer Product Line Developments TTR-2100 is Plug and Play with the TTR-921 All products are Traffic Computer Capable Using a common traffic computer architecture Product line ADS-B In applications development Though will require display customization for each aircraft type TSS MCU TCAS, Traffic Computer, XPDR Common Traffic Computer and Apps. Business, Regional & Helicopter aircraft TTR MCU TCAS, Traffic Computer, TTR MCU Federated TCAS II Traffic Computer Airbus/Boeing in Production Aircraft ISS MCU TCAS function/Traffic Computer Transponder, Weather Radar and Terrain Warning functions Boeing 787/C 919 Common Traffic Computer Design enables re-use of ADS-B In Applications 13

14 TTR-921 versus TTR-2100 Physical Changes
TTR-921 Front View TTR-2100 Front View

15 Fusion Symbology Evaluation
The Complexity and Difficulty of Displaying Aircraft Targets

16 Fusion Symbology Evaluation
Selected -No Flight ID -Data Block Displayed

17 Fusion Symbology Evaluation
Fusion - TCAS RA Event TA Symbol with directionality RA Symbol with directionality -TBD/Under study Focus on TCAS event -Minimize ADS-B Information

18 Airport Surface with Traffic
ANZ139 Range: 3NM Speed: 150KTS Data Block Selected Aircraft

19 GNSS Requirements Global Navigation Satellite System

20 GLU Status A350 Will Integrate SBAS (WAAS) Capability into the MMR
Current GLU-925 (SA = Aware) ILS (Category IIIB) Compliant with DO-229D (without SBAS) TSO 145A without SBAS Provides NIC ≥ 7 (99.9% availability) Accommodates Category I GLS GLS Category I Certified on Airbus & Boeing aircraft Supports SIL = 3 for ADS-B Out System Integrity Limit FLS (FMS Landing System) Capability Airbus platforms only Current GLU-920 (SA = On) ILS (Cat IIIB) Compliant with TSO-C129A SA=On SA=Off Service Bulletin available today (Boeing) Will provide NIC ≥ 7 (99.9% availability) Will not accommodate SBAS, GLS, or Galileo Upgrade of GLU-920 to GLU-925 SB 503 converts 920 to GLS 925 (Boeing) SB 504 converts 920 to Non-GLS 925 (Boeing) SB 505 converts the 920 to SA=Off (Aware) GLS = GNSS Landing System GLU = GNSS Landing Unit SA = Selective Availability SB = Service Bulletin TSO = Technical Standard Order A350 Will Integrate SBAS (WAAS) Capability into the MMR

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