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The Quotative in Archi Michael Daniel, Moscow State University Marina Chumakina, Surrey Morphology Group

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Presentation on theme: "The Quotative in Archi Michael Daniel, Moscow State University Marina Chumakina, Surrey Morphology Group"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Quotative in Archi Michael Daniel, Moscow State University misha.daniel@gmail.com Marina Chumakina, Surrey Morphology Group m.tchoumakina@surrey.ac.uk

2 boli – complementizer strategy  boli as reported speech marker may only be introduced by a verb of speech; (Especially clear in the cases where the lexical verb of speech is bos (RS + boli bo/boli). Same is (less convincingly) true of the extended uses of boli in purposive clauses - even though circumstancial, not introduced by a matrix verb)  unlike converb/evidential boli, may not have its own arguments

3 Summary of strategies 1st person (I /we said that...) + RSCboli bo / bo (all forms) 2nd person (you said that...) + RSCboli bo / bo (all forms) 3rd person (he/she/they said that...) + RSC -(e)r / boli (bo) / bo (all forms)

4 -er strategy – complementizer? Possesses predicative properties:  introduces its own arguments (speaker and addressee); may result in having several ergatives in what seems to be one clause  may have its own auxiliary

5 -er strategy – subordinating verb of speech? A contra: it is cliticized to the reported speech clause  underwent phonetic change (wa-r -> -er)  triggers word internal sandhi (-u+e- -> -o-)

6 -er strategy Possesses predicative properties:  introduces its own arguments (speaker and addressee  may have its own auxiliary but:  is a closely bound clitic

7 -er strategy [ … V ] RS = QUOT-CVB AUX syntactic group morphosyntactic word phonological word

8 Options available: subordination (I) ‘say’ speaker (agentive) addressee (addressive) reported clause (assumed P)

9 Options available: subordination (II) ‘say’ speaker (agentive or patientive) addressee (patientive or addressive) reported clause (non-argumental)

10 Options available: parataxis ‘say’ speaker (agentive or patientive) addressee (patientive or addressive) reported speech clause

11 Options available: quotative particle QUOT reported clause [… … … …]

12 Options available: subordination Isubordination IIparataxisquotative particle verb of speech domi- nates reported speech reported speech domi- nates verb of speech

13 reported speech predicate of speech with its arguments morphosyntactic domination morphophonological domination triggering logophorics in the RS clause cliticization to the RS clause

14 What is it like? Overlap of two essentially different components – description of the reported speech act and the content of the reported speech. The two components are not juxtaposed – they are intertwined: well, he said who will be able, he said themin front of everbodyto kill headman reported speech act reported speech linear order

15 What is it like? Overlap of two essentially different components – description of the reported speech act and the content of the reported speech. The two components are not juxtaposed – they are intertwined: reported speech act reported speech whyyoudid not stay he said to mow the field heaux (was saying) linear order

16 Conclusion: Pfv converb of the speech verb (boli) Contracted ipfv form of the speech verb (-er) Speech complementizer Its extensions (purposive) Predicative clitic Quotative particle (floating, repetition, loss of argument licensing)

17 PS: what we think about when we talk about reported speech. Semidirect-ness!

18 Thank you (they said)


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