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Revision session 4: American West – Conflict on the Plains The American West: inhabitants and early settlers - The Plains Indians: their beliefs and way.

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Presentation on theme: "Revision session 4: American West – Conflict on the Plains The American West: inhabitants and early settlers - The Plains Indians: their beliefs and way."— Presentation transcript:

1 Revision session 4: American West – Conflict on the Plains The American West: inhabitants and early settlers - The Plains Indians: their beliefs and way of life. - Early migration and settlement: trappers and miners in the far West; the reasons for increasing migration; the Oregon Trail; The Mormons at Salt Lake City. - Cattlemen and cowboys: ranching on the Great Plains; the life and work of the cowboy; reality and myth. The settlement of the Great Plains - The reasons for the growth of Western settlement: the role of governments; motives and aspirations of migrants; the role of railroads and railroad companies. - Survival on the Plains: life and work of the homesteaders; the role of women. - Farming: problems and solutions. Conflict on the Plains - Conflicts between settlers and the Native American peoples: the clash of cultures; the reasons for the Plains Wars and their outcomes; the Battle of the Little Big Horn and its impact; Custer and Sitting Bull. - Changing government attitudes and policy towards the Plains Indians. - The impact of the settlement of the West on native peoples to 1895.

2 Conflict on the Plains Conflicts between settlers and the Native American peoples: the clash of cultures; the reasons for the Plains Wars and their outcomes; the Battle of the Little Big Horn and its impact; Custer and Sitting Bull. Changing government attitudes and policy towards the Plains Indians. The impact of the settlement of the West on native peoples to 1895.

3 In simple language:- (1)Whites v Indians – why? What was it like? What were the results? (2)What the government wanted to happen – this changed (3)What happened to the Indians? (reservations etc)

4 Whites v. Indians – massive topic 1.Little Crows War – 1862 – Santee Sioux starving, rebelled, got put somewhere worse 2.Red Clouds War – 1865-8 – Bozeman Trail ran through Sioux land (broke FL), Indians attacked whites. Led to second FL Treaty – Sioux to go to reservation in Dakota (didnt all go) 3.Great Sioux War – 1876-7 – gold in Black Hills, US govt offered to buy them, told all Indians to go to res – they couldnt/didnt – Battle of Little Bighorn

5 (2) Government policy Before 1850s – 1 big reservation After 1851 Fort Laramie Treaty – concentration – Indians would give up freedom to go where they liked, but the land they did have would be protected By 1870s – gradual policy of smaller reservations 1876 – destroy the Indians way of life

6 (3) Destruction of Indian way of life (a)Why? (b) How?

7 (3) Destruction of Indian way of life (a)How? (in general) The army - 1 weapon per soldier, winter campaigns, total war The railroads – crossed hunting grounds, brought homesteaders, encouraged cowboys etc… The government – supported army, used+reduced reservations, Dawes Act 1887 etc The loss of the buffalo – (railroads, industry)

8 (b) How? (on the reservations) -Reduce chiefs power -Put their children in boarding schools -Ban their religion -Employ corrupt government agents

9 2. How important was the Battle of Little Bighorn in the destruction of the way of life of the Plains Indians? Explain your answer. - 1868 The area of the Great Sioux Reservation was agreed - 1876 Custer was defeated at Little Bighorn - 1887 The Dawes Act was passed


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