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European Bingo Game Part 1

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1 European Bingo Game Part 1
You will need: Printing out cards for bingo (map on one side, pictures on the other) Printing out cards to place on it (Picture on one side, info on the other) Optional: tokens How to play: Pick a bingo card to put together Pick level of difficulty: you can either place it with pictures side up, or map side up and guess if the cards that you are drawing belongs to you Mix the cards with descriptions and place them in some little bag (or cover them, to avoid seeing the picture of the next item right away) Draw the cards one by one and the one who has it on his bingo places a token on this item. If you can name a fact about the card, get another token The one to get all spaces filled and who has the most tokens at the end of the game – wins!

2 The Czech Republic Karel Čapek Plant-Natural wonder
(capital: Prague) is in Central Europe, between Germany, Austria, Slovakia and Poland. CR is almost surrounded by mountains Czech and Slovak can easily understand each other’s language A Czech, the chemist Otto Wichterle, invented the soft contact lenses in   Love puppetry and marionettes with a number of puppet festivals all over the country Landmark: Karlstejn The most famous Czech castle. Built by Czech King and Roman Emperor Charles IV to house and protect the Royal Coronation Jewels and his collection of holy relics in 1348 Architectural style: magnificent high Gothic fortress, rebuilt many times. CR is fairy tale country of castles and chateaus. There are the most castles in the world: over 2000 Karel Čapek Jan 9, 1890 – 12/25/1938 One of most influential Czech writers of the 20th century. Introduced and made popular robot, which first appeared in his play R.U.R. (Rossum's Universal Robots) in 1921 Almost got a Nobel prize but because he was anti fascist, Sweden voted against it His famous works are “War with the newts”, “White Disease”, “Mother”, etc. Plant-Natural wonder CR is renowned for its numerous spa towns, e.g Karlovy Vary (Karlsbad) It is historically famous for its hot springs It is named after King of Bohemia and Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV (Karl), who founded it in 1370 Beethoven, Russian Tsar Peter I, Chopin, Goethe all visited it. Animal: Hedgehog Small spiny mammal (family Erinaceidae) in parts of Europe, Asia, Africa, New Zealand. Elsewhere: no native hedgehog Spines: hollow hairs made stiff with keratin. Unlike porcupine’s, not poisonous or barbed Eyesight: is poor, but hearing and smell are quite keen Born with spines lying just under the skin & "sprout" 2-3 days after Bohemian Glass Famous decorative glass made in Bohemia and Silesia since the 13th century, Renaissance Bohemian glassworkers discovered potash combined with chalk created a clear colorless glass that was more stable than glass from Italy. It takes 4 years of study to become a glass painter and a lot of years to gain enough skills for ultimate perfection. hand-cut & painted, gold-plated Composer: Antonin Dvorak (1841 – 1904) Wrote a lot of Czech-sounding compositions without ever using a folk tune. Son of a butcher, but, fortunately, an uncle noticed how musical Antonin was, and paid for organ lessons. Dvorak taught composition at the Prague Conservatory, and for 3 years - in New York City. Last 9 symphonies were written in the US, and nicknamed "From the New World." Artist: Josef Sudek ( ), a Czech photographer, is numbered among the world's best photographers. For his photographs of Prague, Sudek is known as the "Poet of Prague” Despite losing one arm in a WWI, he used large, bulky cameras with the aid of assistants. He tried modernist style of photographs, but his personal style was always neo-romantic Character: Zlatovláska Fairy tale princess with a Golden Hair Recorded by Karel Jaromír Erben, a historian, poet and writer of the mid-19th century, best known for his collection Kytice (Czech for The Bouquet): poems based on folklore themes A young and kind cook Yirik, gains knowledge of the language of animals and is searching for a Golden Haired Princess Zlatovlaska for his master, the evil king.

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5 Italy Julius Caesar Vesuvius Violin Pinoccio
(capital: Rome) is in Southern Europe, partially on a mainland, part on a peninsula surrounded by Mediterranean Italy is shaped like a boot.   Pizza was “invented” in Naples around 1860. inventions: the piano, radio (wireless telegraph), barometer, thermometer, electric battery, eye glasses and… ice cream! Italy contains 2 out of 5 European microstates: Vatican and San Marino Landmark: Colleseum Oval shaped amphitheater located in the heart of Rome Largest amphitheater ever built in Roman Empire Great example of engineering and architecture Built by emperor Vespasian in 70-80bce and used 500 yrs Could cit 50,000 spectators In the shows 500,000 people and millions of animals killed Had water battles with ships Julius Caesar July 13, in 100 B.C. -15/3/44bc Roman military and political leader, dictator of Rome. A general, statesman, lawgiver, jurist, orator, poet, historian, philologer, mathematician, and an architect stabilized Mediterranean world, conquered Gaul-FranceBelgium lover of Egyptian Queen Cleopatra, but Roman laws prevented their marriage First to print his bust on a coin Vesuvius stratovolcano on the Bay of Naples, one of most dangerous the only volcano on the European mainland to have erupted within last 100 years; although currently not erupting. AD 79 eruption destroyed Roman cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum; never rebuilt and forgotten until their accidental rediscovery in the 18th century Also changed the course of the Sarno River Animal: Etruscan Shrew World’s smallest mammal by mass, weighing only about 2 g Live up to 15 months Higly energetic, constantly need to eat to keep body warm. Unusually high metabolic rates Their bite is poisonous (not for humans): use it to kill their food. evolved during the dawn age of mammals; known to inhibit the earth 50 million years ago. The vision is weak, but have sense of hearing and smell. . Violin Stringed instrument that was firstt made in Italy in 16th century First used only for dance music Played by drawing horsehair of the bow across the violin’s strings, which causes them to vibrate and make a sound In 17th century, Claudio Monteverdi was the 1st to use violins in an operatic orchestra Today there are 35 violins in an symphony orchestra – more then any other instrument Composer: Guiseppe Verdi 10/10/1813-1/27/1901 Greatest opera composer ever Had a gift for creation of soaring melodies, memorable characters, splendid drama Wrote 28 operas; most famous – Aida; La Traviata is the third most performed in the U.S Didn’t show his tenor in Rigoletto major aria “La Donna Immobile” until opening night: probably didn’t want it to spread all over Milan before premier Artist: Leonardo da Vinci 04/15/1452-5/2/1519 Tuscan (Italian) polymath, scientist, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, painter, sculptor, architect, musician, poet and writer Mona Lisa & The Last Supper are the most recognizable paintings of all times Da Vinci means “from Vinci” Sketched fortresses, helicopter, armored cars, machine guns, long before its invention Pinoccio is a fictional character that first appeared in 1883, in The Adventures of Pinocchio by Carlo Collodi, Appeared in many adaptations of that story all over the world Carved from a piece of pine by a woodcarver named Geppetto in an Italian village. He was created as a wooden puppet; dreamt of becoming a real boy. Has an infamous long nose that grows bigger when he lies.

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8 Bird Eating Bat – Noctule Bat
Kingdom of Spain (capital: Madrid) is in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula At least 4 other major languages spoken + dialects Dictator Franco ruled King Juan Carlos I returned many freedoms and many forms of artistic expressions. Families in Spain buy fresh bread, barras, every single day! Diverse climates; in Galisia in April it rained almost every day! Consider bullfighting art & sport Landmark: Sograda De Familia is an unfinished Catholic basilica in Barcelona designed by the celebrated Art Nouveau architect Antoni Gaudi. Gaudi worked on it for 40 years, living in a workshop on the site, saying, “My client is not in a hurry” Estimated completion dates range from 2017 to 2026, the 100th years after Gaudi's death. Will have 18 tall towers; the tallest reaching height of 560ft. Isabella I of Spain April 22, 1451 – 11/26/1504 1st queen of Spain, responsible for its unification Ruled jointly with her husband Ferdinand II of Aragon 1480: instituted the Inquisition The Pope gave them the title “Catholic Monarchs” 1492 conquered the Muslim Kingdom of Granada (Moors) 1492: funded Columbus and other travelers, who brought knowledge, spices, metals, etc Strait of Gibraltar Narrow strait that connects the Atlantic Ocean to the Mediterranean Sea (making it part ocean), & separates Europe from Africa (Morocco) Narrowest point: 7.7 nautical ml Ancients called the entrance Pillars of Hercules, since ancient hero placed pillars there during his 12 labors Romans thought Hercules smashed through the mountain and created the strait Bird Eating Bat – Noctule Bat Nyctalus lasiopterus is the biggest bat in Europe Europe, N. Africa and W. Asia Lives off insects in the summer In the autumn and spring, turn to huge flocks of songbirds that migrate at night to avoid daytime predators like falcons. 2007: proved by blood analysis rare and little known mammal Catches insects in its big wings Uses echolocation frequencies higher than birds may hear Castanets Spanish percussion instrument made of two hollowed wooden shells, originally chestnut wood. Held in the palm and drummed together by the fingers to accompany folk dances like Sevillanos and Fandango.. Called castañuelas (chestnuts) or palillos (little sticks) Castanets are modern addition to flamenco gypsy dance Clicking when dancing is ancient: Greeks, Egyptians did it Carmen An opera by Bizet about a Spanish gypsy Carmen Georges Bizet ( ) is was a French composer who is mostly known for his opera, Carmen, which is one of the most famous operas in a world. premiered at the Opéra-Comique of Paris on 3 March So realistic and innovative, it shocked French conservative public and failed. 1875: Vienna’s performance started its triumph of popularity Artist: Girl, Pablo Picasso October 25, April 1973 Painter, draughtsman and sculptor; cofounder (in 1909 with Georges Basque) of an art movement called “cubism” 1st words were “piz, piz”, a shortening of lápiz, pencil Showed his talent early, was taught by his father and accepted into School of Fine Artsat very young age of 13 In childhood painted in realistic manner; later revolutionized art Don Quixote novel written Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra. It is the most influential work of literature from the Spanish Golden Age & perhaps entire Spanish canon of literature. Cervantes is mocking the chivalric novels Don Quijote believes that he is truly helping people, while he and his helper Sancho Panza are just causing more problems, e.g. fighting the windmills.

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11 Greece, Hellenistic Republic The Opening of the Fifth Seal
(capital: Athens) is in Southern Europe, on Balkan Peninsula Ancient Greece is a cradle of Western civilization birthplace of democracy, Western philosophy, the Olympic Games, Western literature and historiography, political science, major scientific and mathematical principles, and Western drama, including both tragedy and comedy. Includes many islands Love to dance: 63 folk dances Landmark: Parthenon Temple on Athenian hill Acropolis, dedicated to the goddess Athena - city-protector finest example of Doric-style Doric - simple, unadorned style with plainer columns designed by Phidias, famous sculptor, at the behest of Pericles, a Greek politician, who rebuilt Athens and stimulated the "Golden Age of Greece“ Had giant stature of Athena inside & finest reliefs outside Greece Aristotle 384 BC – 322 BC Philosopher, a student of Plato, teacher of Alexander the Great. Writings cover many subjects, including physics, metaphysics, poetry, theater, music, logic, rhetoric, politics, government, ethics, biology, and zoology believed that the difference between animals and humans is the ability to think and reason. 1st chicken or the egg? Aris. believed, 1st is IDEA of ‘chicken’ Metéora (Greek: Μετέωρα, "suspended rocks) is one of largest & most important complexes of Greek Eastern Orthodox monasteries The six monasteries are built on natural sandstone rock pillars near the Pineios river and Pindus Mountains, in central G. The cave of Theopetra, Kalambaka, 3.1 mi south had inhabitants 50,000 years ago In the 9th century, an ascetic group of hermit monks moved up to the ancient pinnacles. Loggerhead Turtle Caretta caretta, or loggerhead: Marine reptile, oceanic turtle, family Cheloniidae. Live all over the world. World’s largest hard-shelled turtle, grow to 84 in long, 300lb Eat clams, jelly fish, squid, crustaceans (crabs & lobsters) Spends most of the time in saltwater, except brief egg laying on the shore. Hatchlings return to their birth place- beach to nest if they make it to adulthood Greek Amphorae two-handled vase: swollen belly, narrow neck, large mouth. In antiquity, was often used to transport wine, oil, grapes, fish DNA analysis on shipwrecked: contained olive oil and oregano. Cheap a. were broken at their destination: Italian 45m hill Monte Testaccio, is created with shreds and Calcium hydroxide Painted, glazed amphoras were funerary or prizes during games Img: Heracles’ brigs boar to scared Eurystheus, hiding in a. Maria Callas 10/10/1813-1/27/1901 American-born Greek soprano and one of the most renowned opera singers of 20th century. Combined an impressive bel canto technique, a wide-ranging voice, and great dramatic gifts. An extremely versatile singer Hailed as La Divina received her musical education in Greece and established her career in Italy. Artist: El Greco The Opening of the Fifth Seal 1541 – April 7, 1614 El Greco: painter, sculptor, and architect of the Spanish Renaissance, born on Crete Moved to Toledo, Spain, and lived and worked until his death Always signed works in Greek Dramatic and expressionistic style inspired to 20thcentury art This painting ( ) was suggested to inspire Picasso's Les Demoiselles d'Avignon. Hercules (Heracles) Divine hero in Greek mythology, son of god Zeus The greatest of the Greek heroes, paragon of masculinity, the ancestor of royal clans who claimed to be Heracleidae Champion of Olympian order against chthonic monsters. “made world safe for mankind” Performed 12 heroic labors for Eurystheus; was great friend. Loved playing with children

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14 9th most populous nation in the world with 142 million people
Russian Federation (capital: Moscow) by far the world’s largest country: more than a 9th of Earth's land area. 9th most populous nation in the world with 142 million people Extends across the whole of northern Asia and 40% of Europe, spanning 9 time zones Incorporating a many different environments and landforms. Bolshoi & Mariinsky Theaters, Pushkin Art Gallery, Hermitage are among world’s best Ladoga lake is world’s biggest Saomt’s Basil Cathedral Russian Orthodox cathedral on the Red Square in Moscow in 1555–61, officially: Cathedral of the Intercession of the Virgin by the Moat . Built on the order of Ivan The Terrible to commemorate the capture of Kazan from Mongols marks the geometric center of the city, was tallest until 1600 Design: it is shaped as a flame of a bonfire rising into the sky No analogies in R. architecture Peter the Great 9 June 1672 – 8/2/1725 cPyotr Alexeyevich Romanov carried out a policy of modernization and expansion that transformed the Tsardom of Russia to 3-billion acre Russian Empire, major European power Unusual ruler: in the battle against the Turks in 1695 he fought as regular foot soldier believing that was the only way to beat the Turks. Believed to be 6’7” in height . Volga Longest river in Europe Flows through central Russia Viewed as Russian national river, many songs, books, poems, movies dedicated to it 11 out of 20 largest cities of Russia, including Moscow, are situated on Volga Some of world largest reservoirs found on Volga fertile river valley provides a great wheat-growing region, and also has many mineral riches. Animal: Brown Bear Spread all over the world Come in all colors and shapes Recognized by shoulder hump Carnivores, but are typical omnivores: prefer berries and fruit, roots, insects, birds, fish, rodents, even cows in spring. Powerful diggers: dig out a new den every year to hibernate During winter sleep, give birth to 1-2 hairless, toothless, eyes sealed cubs, who play all winter! 198-: symbol of Olympic games Lozhki - Spoons Wooden, often carved and/or painted (Chochloma technique) Used for eating – no forks in Russia until late 16th century Came in different shapes-sizes; each had special name and used for different food: for soup (schii), for caveat, for porridge, for cooking, even foldable! “Old Believers”’ spoons shaped as their special 2 finger blessing In folk music: used 3 or more spoons as a musical instrument Composer: Tchaikovskiy 5/7/ /6/1893 Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovskiy was a Romantic era composer, whose symphonies like 1812, or ballets “Swan Lake”, “Sleeping Beauty”, “Nutcracker” are world-famous Studied in Law school, but gave up his job to teach in St. Petersburg Conservatory and later to Moscow Conservatory, later named in his honor. .14yrs echanged letters with Nadezhda von Meck, his patron and friend Victor Vasnetsov, Ivan Tsarevich riding the Gray Wolf 5/15/1848 — 6/23/1926 key figure of the revivalist movement in Russian art. specialized in mythological and historical subjects Grew up in remote village in Vyatka in a family of a priest; his grandfather was an icon painter As a kid loved playing with with peasant’s kids Originally avoided folk themes and was part of realistic movement Peredvizhniki Firebird – Zjar ptizca magical glowing bird from a faraway land, both a blessing & a bringer of doom to its captor. large bird with majestic plumage that glows brightly emitting red, orange, and yellow light, like a bonfire Even feather lights large room. An object of difficult quest for Ivan the Fool, or Ivan Tsarevich. Composer Igor Stravinsky had early success with a ballet Firebird; Pyotr Yershov – poem “The Little Humpback Horse“

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17 The Great Dune of Pyla(t)
Country (asdf Landmark: asdf adsf Person 08/15/ /5/1821 asdf The Great Dune of Pyla(t) dfadsf Animal: asdf Object Composer: sdg 06/20/1819 – 10/5/1880 Artist 11/14/1840 – 12/5/1926 Character

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