Presentation on theme: "What Do You Know? An interactive musical instrument mini exploration. By Christian Williams Percussion Strings Winds Introduction and Overview MORE STUFF."— Presentation transcript:
What Do You Know? An interactive musical instrument mini exploration. By Christian Williams Percussion Strings Winds Introduction and Overview MORE STUFF
Introduction And Overview This interactive presentation is designed to get you thinking outside of the box. Each section contains three pictures of somewhat odd instruments. Study the picture and see if you can answer these three questions: “Where does this instrument come from (what country or region)?” “Does it look like or remind me of something else?” “What is a possible history for this instrument or instruments?”
Introduction And Overview Once you have come up with some ideas about the instrument –where it comes from, what it resembles, what it sounds like – click on the picture to find out what it is and get more information about it. When you’re finished, don’t forget to look at the MORE STUFF page for more information and web sites.MORE STUFF
Bladdddddddddddddddddddddddddddd ddddddddddddddddddddddddddddddd dddddddddddddddddddddddddd Xylophone The xylophone is actually from South Asian or Oceanic decent. From there, it moved to Africa, then the Americas. It has most recently taken its form resembling the piano keyboard (double rows – one represents the white keys and one represents the black keys). Click here to hear the sound of the xylophone.
Bladdddddddddddddddddddddddddddd ddddddddddddddddddddddddddddddd dddddddddddddddddddddddddd Marimba The marimba is an African instrument, stemming from the Asian xylophone. This shows the influence and acceptance of the sounds of African music in American repertoire. Are there other instruments from Africa that influence American music? Click here to hear the sound of the marimba.
Bladdddddddddddddddddddddddddddd ddddddddddddddddddddddddddddddd dddddddddddddddddddddddddd Cimbalom This is an old instrument called the cimbalom. It has 48 strings and is played with hammers. This turned into the dulcimer, from the Latin for “sweet sound.” Together, they formed the piano. Does the word “cimbalom” look familiar? In Baroque and Classical music, the piano or harpsichord was referred to as the “cembalo,” which really stood for any keyboard that could roll chords (not the organ…that was designated as “organo,” and they don’t do a very good job at rolling chords). See if you can find where the organ came from. Click here to hear the sound of the dulcimer.
Bladdddddddddddddddddddddddddddd ddddddddddddddddddddddddddddddd dddddddddddddddddddddddddd Oud Yep, the guitar came from something else, just like many of our modern-day instruments. The oud transformed into the lute, and the lute into the guitar. It went from big to small and back to big. I wonder where the 12-string came from? Click here to hear the sound of the oud.
Bladdddddddddddddddddddddddddddd ddddddddddddddddddddddddddddddd dddddddddddddddddddddddddd Hawaiian Guitar This is not necessarily the steel guitar we think of today, but is closely related. This guitar has 6 to 8 metal strings and is played with something hard or metal (not a normal pick), usually a type of blade or the back of a knife. I suppose it makes sense for metallic instrumental sounds to come from a place like Hawaii, since steel instruments are common in island areas. What’s another island area metal instrument that you know of (think Atlantic, not Pacific)? Click here to hear the sound of the Hawaiian guitar.
Bladdddddddddddddddddddddddddddd ddddddddddddddddddddddddddddddd dddddddddddddddddddddddddd Gourds I bet you already knew this picture! Stringed instruments used to be made of gourds – they were readily available and didn’t require an axe or years of shaping and varnishing. Families that couldn’t afford to purchase a real stringed instrument used gourds – the next best thing. What did you used to make instruments out of when you were a kid? Click here to hear gourd instruments.
Bladdddddddddddddddddddddddddddd ddddddddddddddddddddddddddddddd dddddddddddddddddddddddddd Misnice This instrument is from Europe, particularly eastern Europe (Serbia, Ukraine, Hungary, etc.). It is made from goat skin and reminds you of a bagpipe. It is a precursor to many modern-day wind instruments. Do you know if this is directly linked to the bagpipes of Scotland? Click here to hear the sound of the misnice.
Bladdddddddddddddddddddddddddddd ddddddddddddddddddddddddddddddd dddddddddddddddddddddddddd Zurna The zurna, or surna, should look familiar to you. It is from Islamic decent, from areas such as Iran and Syria. It is also popular in areas such as Cyprus, Armenia and Greece. It is still currently used in folk music of these areas, whereas before, it was used for ceremonies and important figures. Now, have you figured out what instrument it looks like? The clarinet? Close! It is the ancestor of the oboe. So…what instrument is the ancestor of the clarinet? Click here to hear the sound of the zurna.
Bladdddddddddddddddddddddddddddd ddddddddddddddddddddddddddddddd dddddddddddddddddddddddddd Whistling Okay, so you already knew what this was. Whistling is music, of course, but did you know that your voice is an instrument? It is considered by some to be the oldest instrument in history (don’t tell a choral person otherwise or they’ll fight you). Did you know that if you can’t whistle, you’d have a problem playing the flute? See if you can figure out why. Click here to hear an amazing whistler.
What can you do? Music and history are permanently linked. The music of a decade or of a country or region is determined by what is going on in that time or place. Those people who were there, who saw and heard first hand, are called primary sources. Using these sources, you can learn a lot about the history of the instrument you play.primary sources
Primary Sources Documents – articles, letters, memoirs, diaries, government documents, papers, licenses, etc. Pictures and photographs, maps, outlines, art work, carvings, articles of clothing, etc. Recordings, interviews, sheet music, playbills, etc.
Going further… There are many different things that can be discovered on the internet. Listed here are some sites and search engines to help you find out more about music and the world around you. www.loc.govwww.loc.govLibrary of Congressmemory.loc.govAmerican Memory (These are all primary source locations)(These are all search engines) www.google.comwww.google.comGoogle Search Engineyahooligans.yahoo.comYahooligans (look under music)