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2928 Page 29 Lesson 10 Document Analysis: The Declaration of Independence.

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Presentation on theme: "2928 Page 29 Lesson 10 Document Analysis: The Declaration of Independence."— Presentation transcript:

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3 Page 29 Lesson 10 Document Analysis: The Declaration of Independence

4 W hen in the Course of human events it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and Nature’s God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation. Lesson 10: Document Analysis ~ The Declaration of Independence We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness. The Declaration of Independence Flocabulary

5 Now that you have learned about the key events that led to the Declaration of Independence, you will now examine the actual document. The Declaration of Independence was written in the formal language of the late 1700s and is, therefore, challenging to understand. W RITING FOR U NDERSTANDING You will work alone OR with a partner to restate and illustrate the important ideas of the Declaration of Independence so that a fifth grader could understand them. Lesson 10: Document Analysis ~ The Declaration of Independence

6 L EARNING T ARGET:  I can explain the eight key ideas of the Declaration of Independence by rephrasing key excerpts into simpler language. Lesson 10: Document Analysis ~ The Declaration of Independence 29 R

7 Attach the GLOSSARY for the Declaration of Independence GLOSSARY for the Declaration of Independence Excerpt 1: station place entitle give right to impel force dissolved end bands ties assume take powers other nations Excerpt 2: self-evident obvious endowed given unalienable not to be taken away Excerpt 3: secure defend institute establish derive receive just fair consent agreement Excerpt 4: alter change Excerpt 5: usurpation illegal seizure of power in direct object the goal of tyranny government by an unjust ruler Excerpt 6: submit present for judgment candid fair assent agreement Excerpt 7: oppression unjust actionredress relief Lesson 10: Document Analysis ~ The Declaration of Independence L 28

8 Attach the Paraphrases of the Declaration of Independence EXCERPTREPHRASED EXCERPTSIMPLE SKETCH Excerpt 1: “When in the Course of human events it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature’s God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.” Excerpt 2: “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.” Excerpt 3: “That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed.” Excerpt 4: “That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government.” Lesson 10: Document Analysis ~ The Declaration of Independence 29 R The KEY IDEA of the Excerpt An ILLUSTRATION of the KEY IDEA

9 EXCERPTREPHRASED EXCERPT Excerpt 1: “When in the Course of human events it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature’s God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.” When it is time for people in a country to break away from their country and become a new nation, they need to explain the reasons for this break to the world. end ties take other nations place give right to force Lesson 10: Document Analysis ~ The Declaration of Independence What should people do if they must break away from their country and make a new one?

10 EXCERPTREPHRASED EXCERPT Excerpt 2: “We hold these truths to be self- evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.” obvious given Rights that cannot be taken away Everyone can clearly see that God made all men equal, with certain rights that cannot be taken away, including life, the freedom to choose how to live, and right to pursue what makes you happy. Lesson 10: Document Analysis ~ The Declaration of Independence What are the obvious truths we believe?

11 EXCERPTREPHRASED EXCERPT Excerpt 3: “That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed.” defend established receivingfair agreement We, the people, give the government the authority to protect our rights. Lesson 10: Document Analysis ~ The Declaration of Independence What is the purpose of government? Where does the government get its authority?

12 EXCERPTREPHRASED EXCERPT Excerpt 4: “That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government.” If a government does not protect these rights, the people may get rid of that government and replace it with one that does. change Lesson 10: Document Analysis ~ The Declaration of Independence What should happen if government fails its job? get rid of establish

13 EXCERPTREPHRASED EXCERPT Excerpt 4: “That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government.” Lesson 10: Document Analysis ~ The Declaration of Independence If a government does not protect these rights, the people may get rid of that government and replace it with one that does. What should happen if government fails its job? OLD GOVERNMENT THE PEOPLE OUR NEW GOVERNMENT changeget rid of establish

14 EXCERPTREPHRASED EXCERPT Excerpt 4: “That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government.” Lesson 10: Document Analysis ~ The Declaration of Independence What should happen if government fails its job? If a government does not protect these rights, the people may get rid of that government and replace it with one that does. changeget rid of establish

15 EXCERPTREPHRASED EXCERPT Excerpt 5: “The history of the present King of Great Britain is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States.” The record of the king clearly show he has a history of hurting us again and again by misusing his power with the purpose of making us his slaves. illegal seizure of power the goal of government by an unjust ruler Lesson 10: Document Analysis ~ The Declaration of Independence What are the colonists trying to prove?

16 EXCERPTREPHRASED EXCERPT Excerpt 6: “To prove this [that England has interfered with colonial rights], let Facts be submitted to a candid world. He has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good.” Show the world the truth that England has ignored our good and laws that benefit us. presented for judgment fair agreement Lesson 10: Document Analysis ~ The Declaration of Independence To whom are the colonies trying to prove this?

17 EXCERPTREPHRASED EXCERPT Excerpt 7: “In every stage of these Oppressions We have Petitioned for Redress in the most humble terms: Our repeated Petitions have been answered only by repeated injury. A Prince, whose character is thus marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people.” We constantly begged for help from the king to stop this unfair treatment but we have only been told no and hurt more. Therefore, the king is defined by his own actions as a harsh and cruel ruler who must be removed from governing us, a free people. unjust actions relief Lesson 10: Document Analysis ~ The Declaration of Independence What has been the king’s response to our protests?

18 EXCERPTREPHRASED EXCERPT Excerpt 8: “We, therefore… solemnly publish and declare, That these United Colonies are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States.” Because of all this, we, the United Colonies of America, say we have the right and are a free country. Lesson 10: Document Analysis ~ The Declaration of Independence What are the colonies telling the world?

19 P ROCESSING the L ESSON You (and your partner) will create an illustrated children’s version of the Declaration of Independence that presents the eight key ideas. Your version should be written in simple, clear language that a fifth grader could read and understand. Lesson 10: Document Analysis ~ The Declaration of Independence

20 Your book should contain:  A brief introduction explaining the events that led to the Declaration of Independence.  The eight key ideas you completed.  A color illustration for each key idea.  Details to make your children’s version of the Declaration of Independence artistic and visually appealing to a kid. For example, you could add ecorated letters, additional visuals, borders, pop-ups.  Language that is free of spelling mistakes and grammatical errors. Lesson 10: Document Analysis ~ The Declaration of Independence

21 STUDENT EXAMPLES

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