Download presentation

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Published byKurt Cutlip Modified over 2 years ago

1
**Metric Notation, Electrical Prefixes, and Powers of 10**

2
**Overview Powers of 10 Metric Notation & Electrical Prefixes**

Math Operations

3
Overview You will study numerous electrical measurements in electronics. These measurements often involve very large and very small numbers. You will often have to add, subtract , multiply and divide these numbers. It takes quite a bit of time to perform these calculations. For this reason, powers of ten and metric notation are used to simplify calculations.

4
**4 X 10 3 Powers of Ten Exponent Coefficient Base Number**

Number that shows how many times the base number is used as a multiplier 3 4 X 10 Coefficient Base Number A number multiplied by the power of ten Always 10 in the decimal number system

5
Powers of Ten Moving the decimal affects the value of the exponent. Decimal moves right—exponent increases Decimal moves left—exponent decreases 3 4 X 10 = 4000. 1 2 3

6
Powers of Ten Moving the decimal affects the value of the exponent. Decimal moves right—exponent increases Decimal moves left—exponent decreases - 3 4 X 10 = 0.004 3 2 1

7
**Metric Notation / Electrical Prefixes**

A metric prefix is a group of letters with a specific meaning attached to the beginning of units of measure such as mile, foot, meter, or liter. The table below lists powers of ten, metric prefixes and symbols commonly used in electronics.

8
Math Operations Addition Subtraction Multiplication Division

9
**Addition and Subtraction**

Rule-The exponent values must be the same before adding or subtracting. Example 4 X 106 + 4 X 106 4 X 106 - 2 X 106

10
**Addition and Subtraction**

Rule-The exponent values must be the same before adding or subtracting. Example 4 X 106 + 4 X 106 8 X 106 4 X 106 2 X 106

11
Multiplication Rule- Add the exponent values; then multiply the numeric coefficients. Example 4 X 103 X 4 X 106 16 X 109

12
Division Rule- Subtract the exponent values and divide the numeric coefficients. Example 4 X 106 ÷ 2 X 103

13
Division Rule- Subtract the exponent values and divide the numeric coefficients. Example 4 X 106 ÷ 2 X 103 2 X 103

14
Summary Solving math problems in electronics using very large and small numbers can be difficult and time consuming. Very large and small numbers consist of many digits, often zeros. Anyone who has worked with a lot of zeros knows that mistakes in math are easy to make. Powers of 10 and metric prefixes are shorthand methods for expressing very large and very small numbers. Using this shorthand will allow you to perform calculations with greater accuracy.

15
**Metric Notation, Electrical Prefixes, and Powers of 10**

Similar presentations

© 2017 SlidePlayer.com Inc.

All rights reserved.

Ads by Google

Ppt on different types of dance forms productions Easy ppt on bluetooth Ppt on area of trapezium ppt Ppt on central limit theorem statistics Ppt on deforestation in india Ppt on iso 9000 series Ppt on turbo c compiler Download ppt on ghosts and spirits Ppt on network security attacks Free ppt on forest society and colonialism notes