About the Author Reading a story like Charlottes Web, can put thoughts into a readers mind; thoughts of allegory, symbolism, and character analysis. However, E.B. White had not intended such thoughts, as he wrote this impeccable story. Shortly after Charlottes Web was published, Write wrote to a young reader: As to your notion of an allegory, there is none. Charlottes Web is a tale of animals in my barn, not of people in my life (Dobrin and Kid 110). E.B. White
About the Author Continued Whites stories are not based on factual events: they are imaginary tales, containing fantastic characters and events (White). Although Whites stories are imaginary, as he wrote them, he liked to think there was some truth to them; truth about the way people and animals feel and think and act (White). E.B. White
The Summary Charlottes Web, an imaginary tale, takes place in the rural setting of Homer Zuckermans barn. The seasons change and friendships develop as timeless concepts of life (friendship, love, life and death, time, faith, self identity, and greed) are indirectly defined.
The Summary Continued Wilber, the runty pig, and Charlotte, the grey spider, illustrate how an unlikely friendship can work together to save the life of a loved one (Along Came a Spider). The story shows that each us, in own ways, can be radiant and terrific. It also reminds us in moments of glory to remain humble. Not all wisdom tales are so enchanting (Young).
The Concept of Friendship You have been my friend, replied Charlotte. That in itself is a tremendous thing (White 164). When Wilber is placed into Zuckermans barn, he is surrounded by loneliness. A tiny voice appears out of nowhere stating: Do you want a friend, Wilber? Ill be a friend to you (White 31). The lonely pig is befriended" (Charity). Charlotte being a blood sucking spider intimidates Wilber at first, causing him to second guess their ability to be friends. Ankum notes: kids can relate their own feelings of fear and doubt with those of Wilber and will learn that although one may be scared at the beginning, a friendship can be a very fulfilling and integral part of ones life.
The Concept of Friendship Continued The friendship between Charlotte and Wilber is like no other; not only do they share an unbreakable bond, they establish a friendly environment within the barn, that would have otherwise not been. White mentions no pig ever had truer friends, and he realized that friendship is one of the most satisfying things in the world.
The Concept of Love But you have saved me, Charlotte, and I would gladly give my life for you- I really would (White 164). The love that is represented between Charlotte and Wilber is undeniable. Charlotte being mother like, loved Wilber in such a way that she enhanced his views about himself; creating a circumstance that the humans could witness. Young notes: the magic is that caring attention allows a glimpse beneath the surface.
The Concept of Love Continued Charlotte loved Wilber enough to risk the life of her unborn babies, as well as, her own. She traveled with Wilbur to the fair to help him in her days of despair. In Wilburs eyes, she is the ideal grown up: a mentor, teacher and protector whose love has no stickiness or strings attached (Scott).
The Concept of Life and Death After all, whats a life, anyway? Were born, we live a little while, we die (White 164). When Wilburs fate is mentioned, he is in a terrified state; running around screaming I dont want to die (White 50). Charlotte manages to calm Wilbur in the face of looming slaughter. Coping with our fear of death is a challenge; especially for children (Young). By the end of the story, Wilbur has matured and his ability to understand the circle of life is a bit more present; compared to the beginning. White cleverly constructs the death of Charlotte in such a way that her death appears to be the end of a complete life cycle (Ankum).
The Concept of Life and Death Continued Although Charlotte was no longer in the physical presence, Wilbur never forgot her. Charlotte is, in away, dead, but undying; she is held in the web of memory (Thacker and Web 129). White notes: Each spring there were new little spiders hatching out to take the place of the old. Dealing with death as a sort of transfer of energy, as Wilber did through Charlottes offspring, can be comforting to anyone who is dealing with a fear of death, or experiencing loss and grief (Brummer).
The Concept of Time Summer is over and gone….the crickets spread the rumor of sadness and change (White 113). The seasons change as the story unfolds. When the crickets sing, the entire farm is faced with the reality of progressing time. From spring to fall, Wilbur and Fern simultaneously grow into whats expected. Wilber grows from a runty pig into a prized Hog. Wilber can easily (and enthusiastically!) change into the physical image of prized pig, simply by fulfilling his animal functions and eating (Thacker and Web 128).
The Concept of Time Continued Fern breaks out of her childhood shell at the County Fair, when she rides the Ferris Wheel with her young love, Henry Fussy; rather than staying with her first love Wilbur (Weales). Thacker and Web note: Life is changing for all the characters.
The Concept of Faith When the words appeared, everyone said they were a miracle. But nobody pointed out that the web itself is a miracle (White 109). When the web first appeared, announcing Some Pig the Zuckermans could hardly believe their eyes. Not believing a spider could accomplish such a task, they turn to their faith; for they think this is a wondrous and miraculous sign, for they give thanks in church (Thacker and Web 128). White notes: that the words on the spiders web proved that human beings must always be on the watch for the coming of wonders.
The Concept of Self Identity But Im not terrific, Charlotte…..Youre terrific as far as Im Concerned (White 91). The friendship and bond between Wilbur and Charlotte provide guidance to Wilbur's identity. The story reminds us that identity is formed in relationships (Young). As Charlotte creates the web of words describing Wilbur, he starts believing in himself; displaying the characteristics of the words in his actions. Fox notes: Charlottes use of language creates a self-fulfilling prophecy: Wilbur becomes some pig. The creation and internalization of language helps Wilbur develop into one amazing animal.
The Concept of Greed Well, I hope youre satisfied,…Im not going to spend all my time fetching and carrying. I came to this Fair to enjoy myself, not to deliver papers (White 140). From the beginning of the story, Templeton is open about his feelings: I prefer to spend my time eating, gnawing, spying, and hiding. I am a glutton but not a merrymaker (White 29-30). Templeton is viewed by the others in the barn as a rat with no morals, no conscience, no scruples, no consideration, no decency, no milk of rodent kindness, no compunctions, no higher feeling, no friendliness, no anything (White 46). According to Welty: Templeton grudges his help to others, then brags about it.
The Concept of Greed Continued When it comes to helping Charlotte save Wilbur, Templeton is clear about his feelings: Let him die, I should worry (White 90). It isnt until food is mentioned that Templeton is willing to help. Living a life of greed and selfish acts, Templeton has nothing but a nasty collection of objects found around the farm and a fat belly from eating so much; not one bit of selfless love (White 45). Although it is not spelled out for the child, the message is clear; being selfish is a bad thing (Ankum).
In Conclusion It is safe to say that Charlottes Web is a book of timeless concepts. The concepts of friendship, love, life and death, time, faith, self identity, and greed are illustrated in a creative way; making the story easy for children to relate to. The characters within the story, each with their own personality, creates an enchanting tale about the significance in each concept. As White ends the story he states: It is not often that someone comes along who is a true friend and good writer. Charlotte was both. This is significant because without Charlottes ability to write, the heroic tale as we know, wouldnt have been so.
Works Cited White, E.B.. Charlotte's Web. New York, NY: Harper Collins Publishers, Dobrin, Sidney I., and Kidd. Wild Things: Children's Culture and Ecorcriticism. Detroit, Michigan: Wayne State University Press, Thacker, Deborah C., and Webb. Introducing Children's Literature: From Romanticism to Postmoderism. London & New York: Routledge, Scott, A.O.. "White." The New York Times 15Dec Jul Ankum, Anita V.. "Charlotte's Web: The Purpose of the Animal Story." Jul Jul Weales, Gerald. "The Design of E.B. White." The New York Times on the Web 24May Jul Welty, Eudora. "Life in the Barn Was Very Good." The New York Times on theWeb 19OCT Jul Brummer, Shawn M.. "Life Lessons from a Cow." The Bismark Tribune 13Jul Jul 2008.
Works Cited Continued Young, Jonathan. "The Radiant Life: Thoughts on the Enduring Significance of Charlotte's Web." L.A. Daily News Op-Ed Guest Column 02Jan Jul Charity, Tom. "Review: Charlotte's Web' a Pleasant Picture." CNN.com 11 Jul White, E.B.. "A Letter from E.B. White." Harper Collins Children's Books. 11 Jul "Along Came a Spider: Charlotte's Web weaves its way into theaters this holiday season." Weakly Reader 11 Jul 2008 Fox, Roy F.. "Beating the moon: A reflection on media and literacy." ProQuest 76,6Jul Jul 2008.