3 ObjectivesCreate floral designs in various geometric shapes and styles.Evaluate where a floral arrangement falls on the line-mass continuum.Describe traditional floral design styles with Oriental, European, and American origins.Classify floral design styles developed in the 20th century.Summarize current trends in floral design styles.AkeSak/shutterstock.com
7 Circular Styles: Hogarth Curve Key PointsSweeping S-shaped curveTall vesselFloral foam higher than the containerAppearance of two crescents placed end to endBeth McCampbell, Bloomtastic Florist, Columbus OH, SAF
8 Round ArrangementFoam sits above the container to make side accessiblePlace form flowers firstGreens should stay within the frameworkKeep flowers equally spacedGoodheart-Willcox Publisher
9 Round Arrangement (continued) Goodheart-Willcox PublisherPlace 1/3 of a block of soaked floral foam into the container, secure with anchor tape, and place the dish with the long length side to side
10 Round Arrangement (continued) Place first carnation directly in middle of floral foam.Place four carnations around base.Goodheart-Willcox Publisher
11 Round Arrangement (continued) Place four carnations on the middle layer, on top of floral foam at 45° angle, halfway between the top flower and the four around the base.Note: this layer is placed opposite of the bottom layer.Goodheart-Willcox Publisher
12 Round Arrangement (continued) Goodheart-Willcox PublisherGreen the arrangement following the same pattern as the carnations.
13 Round Arrangement (continued) Add the daisy poms halfway in each area where the carnations form a triangle.Goodheart-Willcox Publisher
14 Round Arrangement (continued) Add statice for depth in the arrangement.Finish with adding limonium or another filler, staying within the form of the arrangement.Goodheart-Willcox Publisher
15 Triangular Styles: Equilateral Triangle All sides equalMayovskyy Andrew/shutterstock.com
16 Triangular Styles: Isosceles Triangle Two sides equalOleg Rodionov/shutterstock.com
17 Triangular Styles: Right Triangle Mayovskyy Andrew/shutterstock.com
18 Triangular Styles: Double-Ended Triangle Rob Hainer/shutterstock.com
19 Asymmetrical Triangle Key PointsDesign from back corner of floral foam to the front to maintain balanceUse sides of foam for horizontal insertionsEqual spacing for good rhythmGoodheart-Willcox Publisher
20 Asymmetrical Triangle (continued) Goodheart-Willcox PublisherPlace 1/3 of a block of soaked floral foam into the container, secure with anchor tape and place the dish with the long length side to side.
21 Asymmetrical Triangle (continued) Place first snapdragon in back, left-hand corner.Place next snapdragon directly in front of the first.Insert third snapdragon on right side of foam so it is horizontal and resting on lip of container.Goodheart-Willcox Publisher
22 Asymmetrical Triangle (continued) Place the fourth snapdragon toward back of container, upright and to right of first flower.Insert fifth snapdragon in front left side so it is horizontal, lower than third flower, and resting on lip of container.Insert sixth snapdragon horizontally, halfway between the other horizontal flowers, resting on lip of containerGoodheart-Willcox Publisher
23 Asymmetrical Triangle (continued) The snapdragons now form the skeleton of the asymmetrical triangle.Using leatherleaf or greenery, mimic the shape of the line flower placements, reinforcing the asymmetrical triangle.Goodheart-Willcox Publisher
24 Asymmetrical Triangle (continued) Insert the purple carnations within the framework of the snapdragons so they help define the asymmetrical form.Goodheart-Willcox Publisher
25 Asymmetrical Triangle (continued) Add the lime green spray mums within the framework of the snapdragons to enforce the asymmetrical form.Add the filler within the framework to complete the arrangement.Goodheart-Willcox Publisher
26 Equilateral TrianglePlace 1/3 of a block of soaked floral foam into the container.Secure with anchor tape and place the dish with the long length side to side.Goodheart-Willcox Publisher
27 Equilateral Triangle (continued) Place tallest carnation in back third of the foam.Add two carnations in back half of the foam.Make sure the stems are inserted at least 1″ into the foam.Goodheart-Willcox Publisher
28 Equilateral Triangle (continued) Add two carnations on either side of the arrangement. Flowers should rest on the lip of the containerPlace a carnation in the front of the arrangement, resting on the lip of the container.Goodheart-Willcox Publisher
29 Equilateral Triangle (continued) Add one carnation on top of foam, halfway between tallest carnation and the one in front of container.Final two carnations are added on two front corners of the foam.Goodheart-Willcox Publisher
30 Equilateral Triangle (continued) Look at the arrangement.Note the triangle formed by the bottom front, bottom side, and middle carnations.Goodheart-Willcox Publisher
31 Equilateral Triangle (continued) Green the arrangement using the same pattern as you did with the carnations.Begin in the back and add to the sides to form the triangle.Move to the front and center.Goodheart-Willcox Publisher
32 Equilateral Triangle (continued) Add the daisy mums between each set of carnations, following the same pattern as the carnationsGoodheart-Willcox Publisher
33 Equilateral Triangle (continued) Add a third texture such as purple statice.Place the statice in the same pattern as the carnations, but tucked in to add some depth to the composition.Goodheart-Willcox Publisher
34 Equilateral Triangle (continued) Finish your arrangement by inserting the limonium or other light filler.LimoniumGoodheart-Willcox Publisher
35 Long and Low Triangle Key Points Create skeleton in proportion with greensUsing a variety of greens for more textureGreen the arrangement so the greens cover the utility containerGoodheart-Willcox Publisher
36 Long and Low Triangle (continued) Place fully-soaked foam in utility bowl and secure with anchor tape.Pillar candles must be inserted before inserting any greens or flowers.Goodheart-Willcox Publisher
37 Long and Low Triangle (continued) Goodheart-Willcox PublisherInsert the leather leaf into the foam to form an outline.
38 Long and Low Triangle (continued) Goodheart-Willcox PublisherThe leaf placement will establish the height, width, and length of the double-ended triangle arrangement.
39 Long and Low Triangle (continued) Goodheart-Willcox PublisherStaying within the parameters set by the beginning of the greens, complete greening the arrangement with leather leaf and the second greenery.
40 Long and Low Triangle (continued) Insert the purple larkspur within the same parameters as the greens.Goodheart-Willcox Publisher
41 Long and Low Triangle (continued) Insert pink carnations following same pattern as the greens, defining height, width, and length once again.Note: This is a symmetrical arrangement so what you do to one side, you must do the same to the other.Goodheart-Willcox Publisher
42 SBS Long and Low Triangle (continued) Add yellow daisies throughout the arrangementMaintain the shape that was outlined by the greens and the pink carnations.Goodheart-Willcox Publisher
43 SBS Long and Low Triangle (continued) Add Monte Cassino aster as a filler.Notice that darker colors will recede and the lighter colors will advance in this arrangement.Goodheart-Willcox Publisher
44 Line-Mass Continuum Pure linear design Mostly linear design with some mass elementsEqual emphasis on line and massMostly mass design with some linear elementsPure mass designGoodheart-Willcox Publisher
45 Line DesignsLess is moreNegative spaceSociety of American Florists
46 Mass Design Form dominates vs. line Flowers placed in close proximity Little negative spaceLuchi_a/shutterstock.com; Grigvovan/shutterstock.com
47 Mass DesignLuchi_a/shutterstock.com; Grigvovan/shutterstock.com
48 Traditional Design Classification Prior to 1900Different styles become popular over timeRegional originHistorical time frameCulture
49 Square Arrangements: Inverted T Based on squareBoth vertical and horizontal linesParallel placementsKoehler & Dramm’s Institute of Floristry, Minneapolis; Society of American Florists
50 Square Arrangements: Hedgerow Dr. Delphinium Designs in Dallas, SAF
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