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Storms BStorms DStorms E 10 Point 20 Points 30 Points 40 Points 50 Points 10 Point 20 Points 30 Points 40 Points 50 Points 30 Points 40 Points 50 Points Storms CStorms A

Question 1: 10 points What is a vortex?

The movement of a liquid or gas in a spiral around a central axis (calm center of air) Question 1: 10 points What is a vortex?

Question 2: 20 points How do hurricanes form?

Question 2: 20 points How do hurricanes form? Warm, moist air evaporates over tropical waters, creating a low pressure system that is moved by trade winds and the rotation of the earth.

Question 3: 30 points In Inquiry 3.1 (soil, water, lamp), how did you set up the lab to make sure it was a fair experiment?

Question 3: 30 points In Inquiry 3.1 (soil, water, lamp), how did you set up the lab to make sure it was a fair experiment? Same amount of soil and water, same distance from the lamp

Question 4: 40 points Look at the graph: What was the temperature of soil after 5 minutes?

Question 4: 40 points Look at the graph: What was the temperature of soil after 5 minutes? 24.2°C

Question 5: 50 points Describe how the water cycle relates to cloud formation.

Question 5: 50 points Describe how the water cycle relates to cloud formation. The water on earth’s surface gains energy and evaporates into a gas (water vapor). As it rises, it begins to lose energy and condenses into liquid water. The condensed liquid water collects on dust particles in the air, forming a cloud

Question 1: 10 points What causes a vortex to form?

Question 1: 10 points Uneven heating of the earth’s surfaces, the force of gravity, and the rotation of the earth. What causes a vortex to form?

Question 2: 20 points How are hurricanes and tornadoes alike?

Question 2: 20 points How are hurricanes and tornadoes alike? Both involve rotating winds, a vortex, and cause catastrophic damage.

Question 3: 30 points In Inquiry 3.1, which surface heated faster: soil or water?

Question 3: 30 points In Inquiry 3.1, which surface heated faster: soil or water? Soil heated faster

Question 4: 40 points What states make up Tornado Alley?

Question 4: 40 points What states make up Tornado Alley? Texas, Kansas, Oklahoma, Missouri

Question 5: 50 points How do some deep ocean currents form?

Question 5: 50 points How do some deep ocean currents form? They form from convection, which results from the uneven heating of the earth. The water near the Equator is warmed by more direct sunlight, which causes it to rise and move towards the poles, where it cools and sinks, flowing back towards the Equator.

Question 1: 10 points How does air move above a heated (warm) surface?

Question 1: 10 points How does air move above a heated (warm) surface? Air becomes warm, less dense, and rises.

Question 2: 20 points How are hurricanes and tornadoes different?

Question 2: 20 points How are hurricanes and tornadoes different? - Hurricanes form over water, tornadoes form over land. -Tornado winds: 350 km/h, Hurricane winds: 119-250 km/h -Hurricanes can last a week or longer -Hurricanes are huge storms, tornadoes are smaller and form from storms

Question 3: 30 points In Inquiry 3.1, which surface held its heat longer: soil or water?

Question 3: 30 points In Inquiry 3.1, which surface held its heat longer: soil or water? Water held its heat longer

Question 4: 40 points Why are there so many tornadoes in Tornado Alley?

Question 4: 40 points Why are there so many tornadoes in Tornado Alley? Cold, dry air from Canada meets warm, moist air from the Gulf of Mexico.

Question 5: 50 points How do winds affect ocean water?

Question 5: 50 points How do winds affect ocean water? The direction that the winds blow determines the direction of the surface currents.

Question 1: 10 points How does air move above a cool surface?

Question 1: 10 points How does air move above a cool surface? Air becomes cool, more dense, and sinks.

Question 2: 20 points What role does the sun play in the weather on the earth?

Question 2: 20 points What role does the sun play in the weather on the earth? The sun heats the earth unevenly. It is the uneven heating of the earth’s surface that causes temperatures to change, wind to blow, storms to develop, and rain to fall.

Question 3: 30 points On the 3.1 graph, what did the soil curve look like? Why?

Question 3: 30 points On the 3.1 graph, what did the soil curve look like? Why? Steep rise and steep fall. The soil heated very fast, and it lost its heat very fast.

Question 4: 40 points When does a sea breeze occur?

Question 4: 40 points When does a sea breeze occur? Sea breezes form during the day when the air over the water is cool

Question 5: 50 points How do ocean currents affect air temperatures around the world?

Question 5: 50 points How do ocean currents affect air temperatures around the world? Warm ocean currents from the Equator bring warm water and warm temperatures towards the poles, and cold water from the poles brings cooler temperatures back towards the Equator.

Question 1: 10 points What happens when hot air meets cold air?

Question 1: 10 points What happens when hot air meets cold air? Cold air sinks, warm air rises above it, causing unstable conditions, such as thunderstorms that can produce tornadoes.

Question 2: 20 points What is a convection current?

Question 2: 20 points What is a convection current? Circulating flow of air or water (fluids) resulting from temperature differences. It is a form of energy transfer in a fluid.

Question 3: 30 points On the 3.1 graph, what did the water curve look like? Why?

Question 3: 30 points On the 3.1 graph, what did the water curve look like? Why? Not very steep rise, and almost no fall (flat line). The water heated slowly, but it loses its heat very slowly.

Question 4: 40 points Describe what happens during a sea breeze?

Question 4: 40 points Describe what happens during a sea breeze? The air over the warm land becomes warm, less dense, and rises. It moves over the cool water, where it cools, becomes more dense, and sinks. It then moves back over land.

Question 5: 50 points What are some labs/activities that showed convection and how did they show convection?

Question 5: 50 points What are some labs/activities that showed convection and how did they show convection? Multiple examples. Make sure you write them down WITH an explanation