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Financial Accounting for Management by Ramachandran & Kakani “Copyright with McGraw-Hill Education (India) Ltd., 2007” 1 Chapter 1, Case Studies Prof.

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Presentation on theme: "Financial Accounting for Management by Ramachandran & Kakani “Copyright with McGraw-Hill Education (India) Ltd., 2007” 1 Chapter 1, Case Studies Prof."— Presentation transcript:

1 Financial Accounting for Management by Ramachandran & Kakani “Copyright with McGraw-Hill Education (India) Ltd., 2007” 1 Chapter 1, Case Studies Prof. Ram Kumar Kakani S P Jain Centre of Management, Singapore Prof. N. Ramachandran Retired Professor, Indian Institute of Management (IIM) Calcutta Tanmoy Chatterjee Independent Financial Consultant

2 Prof Ram Kumar Kakani, SPJCMFinancial Accounting for Management by Ramachandran & Kakani “Copyright with McGraw-Hill Education (India) Ltd., 2007" 2  The case details the following three points on the friends: Graham was very ambitious and always thought of growing fast  A Retail Chain across the country Fisher was not ambitious and believed in being self-reliant  Sponge Iron Unit Soros was a team member  Event Management Firm Case 2: Graham, Fisher, and Soros

3 Prof Ram Kumar Kakani, SPJCMFinancial Accounting for Management by Ramachandran & Kakani “Copyright with McGraw-Hill Education (India) Ltd., 2007" 3  Limited amount of information  LLC suits Graham, Sole Proprietorship suits Fisher, and Partnership suits Soros.  Sole proprietorship and partnership have unlimited liability pay only personal tax on profits  A company has limited liability has double taxation involves more paper work (due to regulatory requirements) Select based on Individual Profiles

4 Prof Ram Kumar Kakani, SPJCMFinancial Accounting for Management by Ramachandran & Kakani “Copyright with McGraw-Hill Education (India) Ltd., 2007" 4  Yes due to low risk and ease of getting easily financed by way of both debt and equity (why?)  Four factors make it easier for a LLC to raise capital unlimited life easy ownership transferability limited liability Difficult in Closing (and regulatory constraints) Is Company a dynamic entity?

5 Prof Ram Kumar Kakani, SPJCMFinancial Accounting for Management by Ramachandran & Kakani “Copyright with McGraw-Hill Education (India) Ltd., 2007" 5  Yes.  For example, a business which is large and/or has growth opportunities  LLC whereas a farmer managing his small farm and not interested in expanding  sole proprietorship Does Type of Business Influence?

6 Prof Ram Kumar Kakani, SPJCMFinancial Accounting for Management by Ramachandran & Kakani “Copyright with McGraw-Hill Education (India) Ltd., 2007" 6  In a economic scenario, wherein the corporates are forced to pay high tax and have large amount of paper work, it is very likely to force most people to shift to sole proprietorship kind of organizations Other Factors … Economic Scenario

7 Prof Ram Kumar Kakani, SPJCMFinancial Accounting for Management by Ramachandran & Kakani “Copyright with McGraw-Hill Education (India) Ltd., 2007" 7  How much of management control do you want?  How transparent do you want to be?  Do you want to evade tax?  Do you want to cut down on your paper work?  Is the business very risky? OR How risky are his/her other businesses?  Are the partners comfortable enough with each other?  Are there any agency related problems – if so how are they being controlled? Shareholders Biases/Objectives …

8 IssueSole Proprietorship PartnershipPrivate LimitedPublic LimitedOnly Limited (Guaranteed) Income Tax Audit > 40 L turnover Profession > 10 External (Statutory) Audit Not Required Compulsory under the Statute Companies Act Compulsory under Guarantee Limited Compan Internal Audit Not Required Turnover is > Rs 10 crores Registration Process Not RequiredPartnership deed attested in Court Under Companies Act 1956 (RoC) Liability Unlimited Limited Limited by Guarantee No of Shareholders SingleMin 2 Max 20Min 2 Max 50Min 7 Max Unlimited Min 2 Max 50 Annual (RoC) Papers Not required to file other than IT dept. RoC requirements (state wise) Raising Finance Secured / Unsecured Loans Decided by BoD by a special resolution (MoA rights) AGM or EGMDecided by BoD by a special resolution (MoA rights)

9 IssueSole Proprietorship PartnershipPrivate LimitedPublic LimitedOnly Limited (Guaranteed) Income Tax Audit > 40 L turnover Profession > 10 External (Statutory) Audit Not Required Compulsory under the Statute Companies Act Compulsory under Guarantee Limited Compan Internal Audit Not Required Turnover is > Rs 10 crores Registration Process Not RequiredPartnership deed attested in Court Under Companies Act 1956 (RoC) Liability Unlimited Limited Limited by Guarantee No of Shareholders SingleMin 2 Max 20Min 2 Max 50Min 7 Max Unlimited Min 2 Max 50 Annual (RoC) Papers Not required to file other than IT dept. RoC requirements (state wise) Raising Finance Secured / Unsecured Loans Decided by BoD by a special resolution (MoA rights) AGM or EGMDecided by BoD by a special resolution (MoA rights)

10 Financial Accounting for Management by Ramachandran & Kakani “Copyright with McGraw-Hill Education (India) Ltd., 2007” 10 Thank You


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