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Stress Management l Stress is your mind and bodys response or reaction to a real or imagined threat, event or change. l The threat, event or change are.

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Presentation on theme: "Stress Management l Stress is your mind and bodys response or reaction to a real or imagined threat, event or change. l The threat, event or change are."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Stress Management

3 l Stress is your mind and bodys response or reaction to a real or imagined threat, event or change. l The threat, event or change are commonly called stressors. Stressors can be internal (thoughts, beliefs, attitudes or external (loss, tragedy, change). Lesson objective – to learn about stress in the modern world and what side effects this can have on individuals

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5 Eustress or positive stress occurs when your level of stress is high enough to motivate you to move into action to get things accomplished. Lesson objective – to learn about stress in the modern world and what side effects this can have on individuals

6 Distress or negative stress occurs when your level of stress is either too high or too low and your body and/or mind begin to respond negatively to the stressors. Lesson objective – to learn about stress in the modern world and what side effects this can have on individuals

7 STAGES OF STRESS

8 As you begin to experience a stressful event or perceive something to be stressful psychological changes occur in your body. This experience or perception disrupts your bodys normal balance and immediately your body begins to respond to the stressor(s) as effectively as possible. Lesson objective – to learn about stress in the modern world and what side effects this can have on individuals

9 l Cardiac - increased heart rate l Respiratory - increased respiration l Skin - decreased temperature l Hormonal - increased stimulation of adrenal genes which produce an adrenal rush. Lesson objective – to learn about stress in the modern world and what side effects this can have on individuals

10 During this stage your body tries to cope or adapt to the stressors by beginning a process of repairing any damage the stressor has caused. Your friends, family or co-workers may notice changes in you before you do so it is important to examine their feedback to make sure you do not reach overload. Lesson objective – to learn about stress in the modern world and what side effects this can have on individuals

11 l Behaviour indicators include: lack of enthusiasm for family, school, work or life in general, withdrawal, change in eating habits, insomnia, hypersomnia, anger, fatigue. l Cognitive Indicators include: poor problem solving, confusion, nightmares, hyper-vigilance.

12 Emotional indicators include: l tearfulness l fear l anxiety l panic l guilt l agitation l depression l overwhelmed. Lesson objective – to learn about stress in the modern world and what side effects this can have on individuals

13 During this stage the stressor is not being managed effectively and the body and mind are not able to repair the damage.

14 Digestive disorders, withdrawal, headaches, tension, insomnia, loss of temper.

15 Lesson objective – to learn about stress in the modern world and what side effects this can have on individuals

16 l Less than 150 points : relatively low stress level in l relation to life events l 150 - 300 points : borderline range l Greater than 300 points : high stress in relation to life l events l Note: From Girdano, D.A., Everly, G. S., Jr., & Dusek, D. E. (1990). Controlling stress and tension (3rd edition), ENnglewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall. Lesson objective – to learn about stress in the modern world and what side effects this can have on individuals

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18 l What is Stress Web Site. http//www.teachhealth.com l How to reduce and relieve stress Web Site. http//www.family.com l Stress Relievers Web Site. http//www.residentassistant.com l Massage Downing, G. (1972). Massage Book. New York: Random House. l Aromatherapy Web Site. http//www/aromaweb.com/articles/wharoma.as l Yoga Web Site. http//www.kevala.co.uk/yoga/overview.htr

19 Examination style question please answer the following using the recent PPT and discussions


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