Presentation on theme: "Chapter 10 Electing Leaders"— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 10 Electing Leaders American Civics4/7/2017Chapter 10 Electing LeadersSection 1: A Two-Party SystemSection 2: Political Party OrganizationSection 3: The Right to VoteSection 4: Nominating and Electing Our LeadersChapter 10
2OBJECTIVES Section 1: A Two-Party System Chapter 10Section 1: A Two-Party SystemOBJECTIVESWhat is the role of political parties in the United States?How did political parties develop in the United States?How do one-party and two-party political systems differ?
3Political parties in the United States: Chapter 10Section 1: A Two-Party SystemPolitical parties in the United States:Way for large groups with similar ideas to get things doneTake positions on public issues and work to pass lawsAllows individuals to have a stronger voice within a groupParties must compromise and work together
4The development of political parties in the United States: Chapter 10Section 1: A Two-Party SystemThe development of political parties in the United States:Federalists—believed in strengthening the central governmentAntifederalists (Democratic-Republicans) tried to limit the power of the federal government.1820s—Andrew Jackson led the Democratic Party; determined the government should represent the “common people”1854—Republican Party formed by antislavery groups; nominated Abraham Lincoln for president in 1860
5One-party and two-party political systems: Chapter 10Section 1: A Two-Party SystemOne-party and two-party political systems:One-party systems—dictatorships or totalitarian governments; one group or person has power; people do not have essential freedomsTwo-party systems—create stable governments; allow for majority rule; voters have a choice
6OBJECTIVES Section 2: Political Party Organization Chapter 10Section 2: Political Party OrganizationOBJECTIVESWhat are the committees that help major political parties, and what are their responsibilities?Where do political parties get their money, and why does Congress regulate political contributions?How does the Federal Election Campaign Act regulate federal campaigns?
7Party committees and their responsibilities: Chapter 10Section 2: Political Party OrganizationParty committees and their responsibilities:National committee—sets dates, rules, and location of national convention; publishes and distributes literature; arranges speakers; aids presidential candidateState central committees—supervise operations within the states; maintain harmony and organization; raise money and aid candidatesLocal committees—conduct campaigns; recommend appointments and candidates; raise money; crucial to party success; precinct captains encourage voters to cast ballots for the party’s candidates
8Money and Regulations Section 2: Political Party Organization Chapter 10Section 2: Political Party OrganizationMoney and RegulationsPrivate contributions make up a large percentage of funds.Business groups, labor unions and other groups also contribute.Large fund-raising events are held by each party.Fear of corruption prompted Congress to regulate the size of donations.
9Federal Election Campaign Act Chapter 10Section 2: Political Party OrganizationFederal Election Campaign Act1972—Federal Election Campaign Act passed to lessen the possibility of corruptionFECA limits size of contributions and requires a report of donors.Soft money remains difficult to monitor.The Presidential Election Campaign Fund gives public funds to qualified candidates who can then no longer receive private donations.
10OBJECTIVES Section 3: The Right to Vote Chapter 10Section 3: The Right to VoteOBJECTIVESWho can vote in U.S. elections, and how is this right protected?What is the difference in primary elections and general elections?How has the voting process changed over the years?
11Voting Rights in U.S. Elections Chapter 10Section 3: The Right to VoteVoting Rights in U.S. ElectionsAll U.S. citizens over the age of 18 are eligible to vote.States cannot deny the right to vote based on race, color, or sex.The Voting Rights Act protects voters’ rights.Disqualified voters include prison inmates, mentally incompetent persons, election-law violators, and persons with no established residence.Voters must register prior to an election.
12Primary Elections Section 3: The Right to Vote Chapter 10Section 3: The Right to VotePrimary ElectionsAllows registered voters to choose the party candidatesClosed primary: only party members can vote for each party’s candidateOpen primary: voters can vote for either party’s candidates
13General Elections Section 3: The Right to Vote Chapter 10Section 3: The Right to VoteGeneral ElectionsRegistered voters choose the leaders.Organizations, newspapers, radio, television, and magazines help inform voters.
14Changes in the voting process: Chapter 10Section 3: The Right to VoteChanges in the voting process:Early 1800s—voting was by voice1888—secret ballots adopted to ensure fairness and honesty1960s—Mechanical lever machines were most commonPunchcards, mark-sense, and direct recording electronic systems are other paper-ballot alternatives.
15OBJECTIVES Section 4: Nominating and Electing Our Leaders Chapter 10Section 4: Nominating and Electing Our LeadersOBJECTIVESWhat is the purpose of national nominating conventions, and how are convention delegates chosen?What is the nomination process at the national conventions?What are some methods of presidential campaigning?What is the main purpose of the electoral college?
16National nominating conventions and choosing delegates: Chapter 10Section 4: Nominating and Electing Our LeadersNational nominating conventions and choosing delegates:Delegates are elected in primaries or selected by party leaders.Additional delegates are determined by different formulas.Parties agree on a platform and select a candidate at national conventions.Conventions are huge, televised events intended to spread the party’s message to voters.
17The nomination process at the national conventions: Chapter 10Section 4: Nominating and Electing Our LeadersThe nomination process at the national conventions:State-by-state roll call and nominating speeches for candidatesFavorite sons or daughters nominated to honor or delay decisionBalloting of the delegates ensues until candidate is chosenDelegates nominate the vice president based on ability win votesPresidential candidates have the strongest voice regarding the choice for vice president.
18Methods of presidential campaigning: Chapter 10Section 4: Nominating and Electing Our LeadersMethods of presidential campaigning:Television and other media advertise candidates’ views.Presidential debates (televised since 1960s)Computers offer online campaigning.Personal-appearance toursTelephone campaigning urges citizens to vote.
19The main purpose of the electoral college: Chapter 10Section 4: Nominating and Electing Our LeadersThe main purpose of the electoral college:Electors cast the official votes for presidency based on the popular vote in each state.The framers of the Constitution worried citizens would not be able to choose wise leaders.The relevancy of the electoral college today is in debate.