Presentation on theme: "Communicate positively with Children on an ongoing basis"— Presentation transcript:
1 Communicate positively with Children on an ongoing basis Communication Milestones
2 Birth to three monthsInfants communicate unintentially with sounds and actionsCry when hungry, cold or uncomfortableLook at caregivers face and move arms and body reflexively
3 Two way process begins When caregiver responds appropriately Infant: CriesCaregiver: Oh dear! What is the matter? Smiles and picks up infantInfant: Stops crying and appears to focus on caregiver’s faceCaregiver: You just wanted a cuddle – that’s right now. Are you hungry?Infant: Cooing sound, burps.Caregiver: Oh, that’s what you were telling me. Better now?
4 Three to 12 MonthsInfant’s ability to communicate develops very quicklyMore sounds – babbles to self and othersShow interest and gain comfort from familiar voices, singing & conversationActive communicators using sounds and actions to take turnsHarsh, angry or loud voices or sudden sounds cause distress
5 Active partners in communication Infant: Gazing at teddy Caregiver: Places blanket over teddy. Where has teddy gone? Infant: Looks at caregiver and smiles, pulls at blanket, laughs when teddy appears. Caregiver: Peek-a-boo, you found teddy Infant: Looks at teddy, shakes blanket Caregiver: Will I do it again? Hides teddy Infant: Smiles, looks at blanket and back to caregiver Caregiver: The blanket, yes, under the blanket. Where is teddy? Find teddy. Infant: Pulls blanket off teddy and gigglesLinks to Cognitive development: Object permanenceSurprise, expectation – think about “ring a ring a rosie” etc.
6 Twelve months to two years Toddlers use sounds, some words and non-verbal communicationUnderstand and use gestures and body languageBegin to associate words with familiar people, objects and actionsUnderstand more words than they can say
7 Toddlers are active communicators Caregiver: Show me your tummy Toddler: Looks at tummy, pulls up shirt Caregiver: Where’s Daddy Toddler: Points at door
8 Toddlers can Communicate with intention Initiate interaction using communicationCommunicate for different purposesMore capable communicators than people thinkIdentify needs, greet people, draw attention to self, label objects, protest, show off, ask for comfortParticipate as equals and introduce themselves into conversations
9 Toddlers express ideas using simple language, one or two-word sentences Caregiver: Here Tom – catch the ball Toddler: Points to children in sandpit. Truck, um truck. Caregiver: Yes, they have a truck Toddler: Mine... Truck gone Caregiver: Ah! Did someone take you truck? Toddler: Mmm, Truck brrrmmmm, brmmmm!
10 Two to three years Sentences extend to complex sentences and grammar They make mistakes but meaning is clearMe want a bananaAll gone doggie?Mine balloon brokeHe sick, poor him
11 The ‘here and now’ I am a big girl now. I got boots I want more juice Me no want spoon want forkThe big dog all goneBegin to appreciate rules of language, wait to speak their turn and listen to others.Use ‘me’ and ‘I’ to indicate self-awareness.
12 Three to five years Use longer sentences and complex grammar May use tenses and negatives correctly to talk about past, future and things they have doneCommunicate to think, imagine, understand and to express self awarenessVocabulary – 5,000 words and understand more wordsSentences are longer and more complex.Tell stories, follow stories, remember poems/songs and enjoy humourCan follow one-two step instructions.
13 Language of preschooler I think I’ll go outside to play My dad’s truck uses lots of petrol Let’s put the baby horse to sleep Jon and me built a big tower