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Metric System Prefixes Mike Jones Pisgah High School Canton NC Revised 021012 “Yes, I got you ten roses. I believe that the strongest relationships are.

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Presentation on theme: "Metric System Prefixes Mike Jones Pisgah High School Canton NC Revised 021012 “Yes, I got you ten roses. I believe that the strongest relationships are."— Presentation transcript:

1 Metric System Prefixes Mike Jones Pisgah High School Canton NC Revised “Yes, I got you ten roses. I believe that the strongest relationships are based on the metric system.”

2 mega- kilo- deci- centi- milli- micro- nano- pico- Metric System Prefixes

3 mega-MMm kilo-k km deci-ddm centi-ccm milli-mmm micro-  m nano-nnm pico-ppm Metric System Prefixes

4 mega-= 1x10 6 (1 million) kilo- deci- centi- milli- micro- nano- pico- Metric System Prefixes

5 mega-= 1x10 6 (1 million) kilo- = 1x10 3 (1000) deci- centi- milli- micro- nano- pico- Metric System Prefixes

6 mega-= 1x10 6 (1 million) kilo- = 1x10 3 (1000) deci-= 1x10 -1 ( 1 / 10 ) centi- milli- micro- nano- pico- Metric System Prefixes

7 mega-= 1x10 6 (1 million) kilo- = 1x10 3 (1000) deci-= 1x10 -1 ( 1 / 10 ) centi-= 1x10 -2 ( 1 / 100 ) milli- micro- nano- pico- Metric System Prefixes

8 mega-= 1x10 6 (1 million) kilo- = 1x10 3 (1000) deci-= 1x10 -1 ( 1 / 10 ) centi-= 1x10 -2 ( 1 / 100 ) milli-= 1x10 -3 ( 1 / 1000 ) micro- nano- pico- Metric System Prefixes

9 mega-= 1x10 6 (1 million) kilo-= 1x10 3 (1000) deci-= 1x10 -1 ( 1 / 10 ) centi-= 1x10 -2 ( 1 / 100 ) milli-= 1x10 -3 ( 1 / 1000 ) micro-= 1x10 -6 (1 millionth) nano- pico- Metric System Prefixes

10 mega-= 1x10 6 (1 million) kilo-= 1x10 3 (1000) deci-= 1x10 -1 ( 1 / 10 ) centi-= 1x10 -2 ( 1 / 100 ) milli-= 1x10 -3 ( 1 / 1000 ) micro-= 1x10 -6 (1 millionth) nano-= 1x10 -9 (1 billionth) pico- Metric System Prefixes

11 mega-= 1x10 6 (1 million) kilo-= 1x10 3 (1000) deci-= 1x10 -1 ( 1 / 10 ) centi-= 1x10 -2 ( 1 / 100 ) milli-= 1x10 -3 ( 1 / 1000 ) micro-= 1x10 -6 (1 millionth) nano-= 1x10 -9 (1 billionth) pico-= 1x (1 trillionth) Metric System Prefixes

12 mega-MMm1x10 6 (1 million) kilo-k km 1x10 3 (1000) deci-ddm 1x10 -1 ( 1 / 10 ) centi-ccm 1x10 -2 ( 1 / 100 ) milli-mmm 1x10 -3 ( 1 / 1000 ) micro-  m 1x10 -6 (1 millionth) nano-nnm 1x10 -9 (1 billionth) pico-ppm 1x (1 trillionth) Metric System Prefixes

13 mega-= 1x10 6 (1 million) kilo-= 1x10 3 (1000) deci-= 1x10 -1 ( 1 / 10 ) centi-= 1x10 -2 ( 1 / 100 ) milli-= 1x10 -3 ( 1 / 1000 ) micro-= 1x10 -6 (1 millionth) nano-= 1x10 -9 (1 billionth) pico-= 1x (1 trillionth) Metric System Prefixes Mega- Megahertz

14 mega-= 1x10 6 (1 million) kilo-= 1x10 3 (1000) deci-= 1x10 -1 ( 1 / 10 ) centi-= 1x10 -2 ( 1 / 100 ) milli-= 1x10 -3 ( 1 / 1000 ) micro-= 1x10 -6 (1 millionth) nano-= 1x10 -9 (1 billionth) pico-= 1x (1 trillionth) Metric System Prefixes Mega- Megahertz resistor Megohm

15 Metric System Prefixes Kilo- A “kilo” of cocaine is a kilogram mega-= 1x10 6 (1 million) kilo-= 1x10 3 (1000) deci-= 1x10 -1 ( 1 / 10 ) centi-= 1x10 -2 ( 1 / 100 ) milli-= 1x10 -3 ( 1 / 1000 ) micro-= 1x10 -6 (1 millionth) nano-= 1x10 -9 (1 billionth) pico-= 1x (1 trillionth)

16 Metric System Prefixes Kilo- A “kilo” of cocaine is a kilogram kilometer mega-= 1x10 6 (1 million) kilo-= 1x10 3 (1000) deci-= 1x10 -1 ( 1 / 10 ) centi-= 1x10 -2 ( 1 / 100 ) milli-= 1x10 -3 ( 1 / 1000 ) micro-= 1x10 -6 (1 millionth) nano-= 1x10 -9 (1 billionth) pico-= 1x (1 trillionth)

17 Metric System Prefixes Deci- Deci … just like in “decimal”… 10 mega-= 1x10 6 (1 million) kilo-= 1x10 3 (1000) deci-= 1x10 -1 ( 1 / 10 ) centi-= 1x10 -2 ( 1 / 100 ) milli-= 1x10 -3 ( 1 / 1000 ) micro-= 1x10 -6 (1 millionth) nano-= 1x10 -9 (1 billionth) pico-= 1x (1 trillionth)

18 Metric System Prefixes Deci- Deci … just like in “decimal”… 10 mega-= 1x10 6 (1 million) kilo-= 1x10 3 (1000) deci-= 1x10 -1 ( 1 / 10 ) centi-= 1x10 -2 ( 1 / 100 ) milli-= 1x10 -3 ( 1 / 1000 ) micro-= 1x10 -6 (1 millionth) nano-= 1x10 -9 (1 billionth) pico-= 1x (1 trillionth) A cubic decimeter is a liter

19 Metric System Prefixes Centi- Same root as “century” or 100 years mega-= 1x10 6 (1 million) kilo-= 1x10 3 (1000) deci-= 1x10 -1 ( 1 / 10 ) centi-= 1x10 -2 ( 1 / 100 ) milli-= 1x10 -3 ( 1 / 1000 ) micro-= 1x10 -6 (1 millionth) nano-= 1x10 -9 (1 billionth) pico-= 1x (1 trillionth)

20 Metric System Prefixes Centi- Same root as “century” or 100 years How many centimeters to an inch? 2.54 cm mega-= 1x10 6 (1 million) kilo-= 1x10 3 (1000) deci-= 1x10 -1 ( 1 / 10 ) centi-= 1x10 -2 ( 1 / 100 ) milli-= 1x10 -3 ( 1 / 1000 ) micro-= 1x10 -6 (1 millionth) nano-= 1x10 -9 (1 billionth) pico-= 1x (1 trillionth)

21 Metric System Prefixes Milli- “Phelps by a millimeter” mega-= 1x10 6 (1 million) kilo-= 1x10 3 (1000) deci-= 1x10 -1 ( 1 / 10 ) centi-= 1x10 -2 ( 1 / 100 ) milli-= 1x10 -3 ( 1 / 1000 ) micro-= 1x10 -6 (1 millionth) nano-= 1x10 -9 (1 billionth) pico-= 1x (1 trillionth)

22 Metric System Prefixes Milli- Has nothing to do with a “million”. “Phelps by a millimeter” mega-= 1x10 6 (1 million) kilo-= 1x10 3 (1000) deci-= 1x10 -1 ( 1 / 10 ) centi-= 1x10 -2 ( 1 / 100 ) milli-= 1x10 -3 ( 1 / 1000 ) micro-= 1x10 -6 (1 millionth) nano-= 1x10 -9 (1 billionth) pico-= 1x (1 trillionth)

23 Metric System Prefixes Milli- Has nothing to do with a “million”. “Phelps by a millimeter” mega-= 1x10 6 (1 million) kilo-= 1x10 3 (1000) deci-= 1x10 -1 ( 1 / 10 ) centi-= 1x10 -2 ( 1 / 100 ) milli-= 1x10 -3 ( 1 / 1000 ) micro-= 1x10 -6 (1 millionth) nano-= 1x10 -9 (1 billionth) pico-= 1x (1 trillionth)

24 Metric System Prefixes Milli- Has nothing to do with a “million”. “Phelps by a millimeter” mega-= 1x10 6 (1 million) kilo-= 1x10 3 (1000) deci-= 1x10 -1 ( 1 / 10 ) centi-= 1x10 -2 ( 1 / 100 ) milli-= 1x10 -3 ( 1 / 1000 ) micro-= 1x10 -6 (1 millionth) nano-= 1x10 -9 (1 billionth) pico-= 1x (1 trillionth)

25 Metric System Prefixes Micro- “Micro” is what refers to a millionth, not “milli”. “Micro” means more than just “small”. mega-= 1x10 6 (1 million) kilo-= 1x10 3 (1000) deci-= 1x10 -1 ( 1 / 10 ) centi-= 1x10 -2 ( 1 / 100 ) milli-= 1x10 -3 ( 1 / 1000 ) micro-= 1x10 -6 (1 millionth) nano-= 1x10 -9 (1 billionth) pico-= 1x (1 trillionth)

26 Metric System Prefixes Micro- The sizes of bacteria are measured in micrometers. mega-= 1x10 6 (1 million) kilo-= 1x10 3 (1000) deci-= 1x10 -1 ( 1 / 10 ) centi-= 1x10 -2 ( 1 / 100 ) milli-= 1x10 -3 ( 1 / 1000 ) micro-= 1x10 -6 (1 millionth) nano-= 1x10 -9 (1 billionth) pico-= 1x (1 trillionth)

27 Metric System Prefixes Micro- A microwave oven uses radio waves with wavelengths measured in micrometers. mega-= 1x10 6 (1 million) kilo-= 1x10 3 (1000) deci-= 1x10 -1 ( 1 / 10 ) centi-= 1x10 -2 ( 1 / 100 ) milli-= 1x10 -3 ( 1 / 1000 ) micro-= 1x10 -6 (1 millionth) nano-= 1x10 -9 (1 billionth) pico-= 1x (1 trillionth)

28 Metric System Prefixes Micro- A microwave oven uses radio waves with wavelengths measured in micrometers. mega-= 1x10 6 (1 million) kilo-= 1x10 3 (1000) deci-= 1x10 -1 ( 1 / 10 ) centi-= 1x10 -2 ( 1 / 100 ) milli-= 1x10 -3 ( 1 / 1000 ) micro-= 1x10 -6 (1 millionth) nano-= 1x10 -9 (1 billionth) pico-= 1x (1 trillionth)

29 Metric System Prefixes Nano- “Nano” means more than just “really small”. mega-= 1x10 6 (1 million) kilo-= 1x10 3 (1000) deci-= 1x10 -1 ( 1 / 10 ) centi-= 1x10 -2 ( 1 / 100 ) milli-= 1x10 -3 ( 1 / 1000 ) micro-= 1x10 -6 (1 millionth) nano-= 1x10 -9 (1 billionth) pico-= 1x (1 trillionth)

30 Metric System Prefixes Nano- The wavelengths of visible light in are in the hundreds of nanometers. mega-= 1x10 6 (1 million) kilo-= 1x10 3 (1000) deci-= 1x10 -1 ( 1 / 10 ) centi-= 1x10 -2 ( 1 / 100 ) milli-= 1x10 -3 ( 1 / 1000 ) micro-= 1x10 -6 (1 millionth) nano-= 1x10 -9 (1 billionth) pico-= 1x (1 trillionth)

31 Metric System Prefixes Nano- Viruses are in the 10 nm to 200 nm range. mega-= 1x10 6 (1 million) kilo-= 1x10 3 (1000) deci-= 1x10 -1 ( 1 / 10 ) centi-= 1x10 -2 ( 1 / 100 ) milli-= 1x10 -3 ( 1 / 1000 ) micro-= 1x10 -6 (1 millionth) nano-= 1x10 -9 (1 billionth) pico-= 1x (1 trillionth)

32 Metric System Prefixes Pico- The sizes of atoms are measured in picometers. mega-= 1x10 6 (1 million) kilo-= 1x10 3 (1000) deci-= 1x10 -1 ( 1 / 10 ) centi-= 1x10 -2 ( 1 / 100 ) milli-= 1x10 -3 ( 1 / 1000 ) micro-= 1x10 -6 (1 millionth) nano-= 1x10 -9 (1 billionth) pico-= 1x (1 trillionth)

33 Metric System Prefixes Pico- The sizes of atoms are measured in picometers. mega-= 1x10 6 (1 million) kilo-= 1x10 3 (1000) deci-= 1x10 -1 ( 1 / 10 ) centi-= 1x10 -2 ( 1 / 100 ) milli-= 1x10 -3 ( 1 / 1000 ) micro-= 1x10 -6 (1 millionth) nano-= 1x10 -9 (1 billionth) pico-= 1x (1 trillionth)

34 Metric System Prefixes Femto- The sizes of the nuclei of atoms are measured in femtometers. 1x mega-= 1x10 6 (1 million) kilo-= 1x10 3 (1000) deci-= 1x10 -1 ( 1 / 10 ) centi-= 1x10 -2 ( 1 / 100 ) milli-= 1x10 -3 ( 1 / 1000 ) micro-= 1x10 -6 (1 millionth) nano-= 1x10 -9 (1 billionth) pico-= 1x (1 trillionth)

35 Metric System Prefixes Femto- Consider an atom which may be 400 pm across, but the nucleus is less than 20 fm in diameter. 1x mega-= 1x10 6 (1 million) kilo-= 1x10 3 (1000) deci-= 1x10 -1 ( 1 / 10 ) centi-= 1x10 -2 ( 1 / 100 ) milli-= 1x10 -3 ( 1 / 1000 ) micro-= 1x10 -6 (1 millionth) nano-= 1x10 -9 (1 billionth) pico-= 1x (1 trillionth)

36 Metric System Prefixes Femto- Consider an atom which may be 400 pm across, but the nucleus is less than 20 fm in diameter. 1x The nucleus is 20,000 times smaller than an atom! mega-= 1x10 6 (1 million) kilo-= 1x10 3 (1000) deci-= 1x10 -1 ( 1 / 10 ) centi-= 1x10 -2 ( 1 / 100 ) milli-= 1x10 -3 ( 1 / 1000 ) micro-= 1x10 -6 (1 millionth) nano-= 1x10 -9 (1 billionth) pico-= 1x (1 trillionth)

37 Metric System Prefixes Femto- If we put a dime on the floor to represent the diameter of the nucleus, then the edge of the atom would be about 200 meters away. 1x mm mega-= 1x10 6 (1 million) kilo-= 1x10 3 (1000) deci-= 1x10 -1 ( 1 / 10 ) centi-= 1x10 -2 ( 1 / 100 ) milli-= 1x10 -3 ( 1 / 1000 ) micro-= 1x10 -6 (1 millionth) nano-= 1x10 -9 (1 billionth) pico-= 1x (1 trillionth)

38 mega-MMm1x10 6 (1 million) kilo-k km 1x10 3 (1000) deci-ddm 1x10 -1 ( 1 / 10 ) centi-ccm 1x10 -2 ( 1 / 100 ) milli-mmm 1x10 -3 ( 1 / 1000 ) micro-  m 1x10 -6 (1 millionth) nano-nnm 1x10 -9 (1 billionth) pico-ppm 1x (1 trillionth) Metric System Prefixes


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