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**2-2 Powers of Ten and Scientific Notation Warm Up Problem of the Day**

Course 2 Warm Up Problem of the Day Lesson Presentation

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**2-2 Powers of Ten and Scientific Notation Warm Up Find each value.**

Course 2 2-2 Powers of Ten and Scientific Notation Warm Up Find each value. 1. 92 3. 152 5. 103 81 2. 122 144 225 4. 102 100 1,000 6. 104 10,000

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**2-2 Powers of Ten and Scientific Notation Problem of the Day**

Course 2 2-2 Powers of Ten and Scientific Notation Problem of the Day Each day, Lowell runs one more lap than he did the day before. After seven days he has run 77 laps. How many laps did he run on the first day? 8

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**2-2 Learn to express large numbers in scientific notation.**

Course 2 2-2 Powers of Ten and Scientific Notation Learn to express large numbers in scientific notation.

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**Insert Lesson Title Here**

Course 2 2-2 Powers of Ten and Scientific Notation Insert Lesson Title Here Vocabulary standard form scientific notation

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**2-2 Powers of Ten and Scientific Notation**

Course 2 2-2 Powers of Ten and Scientific Notation The distance from Venus to the Sun is over 100,000,000 kilometers. You can write this number as a power of ten by using a base of ten and an exponent. 10 · 10 · 10 · 10 · 10 · 10 · 10 · 10 = 108 Power of ten

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**2-2 Powers of Ten and Scientific Notation**

Course 2 2-2 Powers of Ten and Scientific Notation The table shows several powers of ten. Power of 10 Meaning Value 101 10 10 102 10 · 10 100 103 10 · 10 · 10 1,000 104 10 · 10 · 10 · 10 10,000

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**Additional Example 1: Multiplying by Powers of Ten**

Course 2 2-2 Powers of Ten and Scientific Notation Additional Example 1: Multiplying by Powers of Ten Multiply 14 · 103. 14 · 103 = 14 · (10 · 10 · 10) Use 10 as a factor 3 times. = 14 · 1,000 Multiply. = 14,000

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**Insert Lesson Title Here**

Course 2 2-2 Powers of Ten and Scientific Notation Insert Lesson Title Here Try This: Example 1 Multiply 12 · 102. 12 · 102 = 12 · (10 · 10) Use 10 as a factor 2 times. = 12 · 100 Multiply. = 1,200

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**2-2 Powers of Ten and Scientific Notation**

Course 2 2-2 Powers of Ten and Scientific Notation You can also find the product of a number and a power of ten simply by moving the decimal point of the number. For powers of ten with positive exponents, move the decimal point to the right.

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**Additional Example 2: Multiplying by Powers of Ten Mentally**

Course 2 2-2 Powers of Ten and Scientific Notation Additional Example 2: Multiplying by Powers of Ten Mentally Find each product. A. 212 · 104 4 places 212 · 104 = Move the decimal point 4 places. = 2,120,000 (You will need to add 4 zeros.) B · 103 3 places 31.6 · 103 = Move the decimal point 3 places. = 31,600 (You will need to add 2 zeros.)

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**Insert Lesson Title Here**

Course 2 2-2 Powers of Ten and Scientific Notation Insert Lesson Title Here Try This: Example 2 Find each product. A · 102 2 places 22.5 · 102 = 22.50 Move the decimal point 2 places. = 2,250 (You will need to add 1 zero.) B · 103 3 places 39.5 · 103 = Move the decimal point 3 places. = 39,500 (You will need to add 2 zeros.)

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**1.79 x 10 2-2 Powers of Ten and Scientific Notation 7**

Course 2 2-2 Powers of Ten and Scientific Notation Numbers are usually written in standard form. For example, 17,900,000 is in standard form. Scientific notation is a kind of shorthand that can be used to write large numbers. Numbers expressed in scientific notation are written as the product of two factors. In scientific notation, 17,900,000 is written as 7 1.79 x 10 A number greater than or equal to 1 but less than 10 A power of 10

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**2-2 Powers of Ten and Scientific Notation Writing Math**

Course 2 2-2 Powers of Ten and Scientific Notation Writing Math In scientific notation, it is customary to use a multiplication cross () instead of a dot.

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**Additional Example 3A: Writing Numbers in Scientific Notation**

Course 2 2-2 Powers of Ten and Scientific Notation Additional Example 3A: Writing Numbers in Scientific Notation Write the number in scientific notation. A. 4,340,000 6 places Move the decimal point to get a number that is greater than or equal to 1 and less than 10. 4,340,000 = 4,340,000 The exponent is equal to the number of places the decimal point is moved. = 4.34 106

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**Additional Example 3B: Writing Numbers in Scientific Notation**

Course 2 2-2 Powers of Ten and Scientific Notation Additional Example 3B: Writing Numbers in Scientific Notation Write the number in scientific notation. B. 327,000,000 8 places Move the decimal point to get a number that is greater than or equal to 1 and less than 10. 327,000,000 = 327,000,000 The exponent is equal to the number of places the decimal point is moved. = 3.27 108

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**Insert Lesson Title Here**

Course 2 2-2 Powers of Ten and Scientific Notation Insert Lesson Title Here Try This: Example 3A Write the number in scientific notation. A. 8,421,000 6 places Move the decimal point to get a number that is greater than or equal to 1 and less than 10. 8,421,000 = 8,421,000 The exponent is equal to the number of places the decimal point is moved. = 106

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**Insert Lesson Title Here**

Course 2 2-2 Powers of Ten and Scientific Notation Insert Lesson Title Here Try This: Example 3B Write the number in scientific notation. B. 327,000 5 places Move the decimal point to get a number that is greater than or equal to 1 and less than 10. 327,000 = 327,000 The exponent is equal to the number of places the decimal point is moved. = 3.27 105

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**Additional Example 4: Writing Numbers in Standard Form**

Course 2 2-2 Powers of Ten and Scientific Notation Additional Example 4: Writing Numbers in Standard Form The population of China in the year 2000 was estimated to be about 109. Write this number in standard form. Since the exponent is 9, move the decimal point 9 places to the right. 1.262 109 = = 1,262,000,000 The population of China was about 1,262,000,000 people.

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**Insert Lesson Title Here**

Course 2 2-2 Powers of Ten and Scientific Notation Insert Lesson Title Here Try This: Example 4 The distance from the Earth to the Sun is calculated to be 1.5 108 kilometers. Write this distance in standard form. Since the exponent is 8, move the decimal point 8 places to the right. 1.5 108 = = 150,000,000 The distance from the Earth to the Sun is about 150,000,000 kilometers.

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**Insert Lesson Title Here**

Course 2 2-2 Powers of Ten and Scientific Notation Insert Lesson Title Here Lesson Quiz: Part 1 Multiply. 1. 25 102 2,500 2. 18 104 180,000 Find each product. 102 11,000 103 3,742

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**Insert Lesson Title Here**

Course 2 2-2 Powers of Ten and Scientific Notation Insert Lesson Title Here Lesson Quiz: Part 2 Write each number in scientific notation.. 5. 7,400,000 6. 45,000 7. Earth is about 107 miles from the Sun. Write this number in standard form. 7.4 106 4.5 104 92,920,000

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