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Contents IAS 10 Applicable to events after balance sheet date of 2003 and last modified in May 2008 AS 4 (revised 1995) Exposure Draft AS 4 20XX Revised.

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Presentation on theme: "Contents IAS 10 Applicable to events after balance sheet date of 2003 and last modified in May 2008 AS 4 (revised 1995) Exposure Draft AS 4 20XX Revised."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Contents IAS 10 Applicable to events after balance sheet date of 2003 and last modified in May 2008 AS 4 (revised 1995) Exposure Draft AS 4 20XX Revised standard expected to be notified around 15 th July 2011 CA Rajiv Kohli CA Deepti Kheror

3 MEANING & APPLICABILITY Events after the reporting period are defined as events which occur between the end of reporting date and the date when the financial statements are authorized for issue. These events are significant events both favourable and unfavourable which have occurred during the intervening period between the reporting date and authorization date. IAS 10 prescribes:  Circumstances when an entity should adjust its financial statements for events after the reporting period and  Disclosures which an entity has to give about the date of authorization of the financial statements and events after the reporting period CA Rajiv Kohli CA Deepti Kheror

4 CLASSIFICATION OF EVENTS EVENTS OCCURING AFTER THE REPORTING PERIOD Adjusting Events Non-Adjusting Events Events that provide evidence of conditions existed at the reporting date Events that arose subsequent to the reporting date CA Rajiv Kohli CA Deepti Kheror

5 ADJUSTING EVENT Adjusting event is an event occurring after the reporting period that provides further evidence of conditions that existed at the end of the reporting period, including an event that indicates that the going concern assumption in relation to the whole or part of the enterprise is not appropriate CA Rajiv Kohli CA Deepti Kheror

6 ADJUSTING EVENT TYPES OF ADJUSTING EVENTS Fixed Assets: The subsequent determination of the purchase price or of the proceeds of sale of assets purchased or sold before the year-end. Investments: The receipt of a copy of the financial statements or other information in respect of an unlisted company which provides evidence of a diminution other than temporary in the value of a long term investment. Taxation: The receipt of information concerning clarification of tax law CA Rajiv Kohli CA Deepti Kheror

7 ADJUSTING EVENT TYPES OF ADJUSTING EVENTS Stocks and Work in Progress: The receipt of proceeds of sales after the balance sheet date or other evidence concerning the net realizable value of stocks. Debtors: The renegotiation of amounts owed by debtors, the insolvency of a debtor or the receipt of cash or other information indicating that the recoverable amount at the balance sheet date is not fairly stated. Claims: Amounts received or receivable in respect of insurance or legal claims which were in course of negotiation at balance sheet date Discoveries: The discovery of errors or frauds which show that financial statements were incorrect CA Rajiv Kohli CA Deepti Kheror

8 NON-ADJUSTING EVENT Non-Adjusting event is an event after the reporting period that is indicative of a conditions that arose after the end of the reporting period CA Rajiv Kohli CA Deepti Kheror

9 TYPES OF NON-ADJUSTING EVENTS Mergers, Acquisitions and Business Combinations Reconstructions and proposed reconstructions Allotment/ buy back of shares and debentures Losses of Fixed Assets or stocks as a result of a catastrophe such as fire or flood or earthquake Closing significant part of the trading activities if this was not anticipated at the year end Changes in rates of Foreign Exchange Strikes and other labour disputes Change in tax rate that affect deferred tax asset and liability Beginning of a litigation that arises out of events happening after reporting date. NON-ADJUSTING EVENT CA Rajiv Kohli CA Deepti Kheror

10 GOING CONCERN ISSUES An entity shall not prepare its financial statements on a going concern basis if the management determines after the reporting date  either that it intends to liquidate the entity  or to cease trading  or that it has no realistic alternative but to do so Deterioration in operating results and financial position after the reporting period may indicate a need to consider whether the going concern assumption is still appropriate CA Rajiv Kohli CA Deepti Kheror

11 IAS 10 THROUGH A FEW EXAMPLES EXAMPLES OF ADJUSTING EVENTS Example 1 Facts :- Settlement of a court case after the reporting date – A client sued the company for damage against the company’s failure to fulfil warranty amounting to Rs. 2 Lacs. The company created a provision of Rs. 1 lac based on legal advice. After the end of reporting period but before the date of authorization of financial statements the court decided against the company and a compensation of Rs. 1.5 lac was awarded. CA Rajiv Kohli CA Deepti Kheror

12 Analysis of Example 1 :- This issue is covered in IAS 10.9(a). The entity shall adjust the previously recognized provision under IAS 37 or create a new provision. It has now to provide for addition of Rs. 0.5 lac. The entity does not merely disclose a contingent liability since the settlement provides an additional evidence. CA Rajiv Kohli CA Deepti Kheror

13 Example 2 Facts :- After approval of the accounts by the board of directors, your client a construction company met a rocky surface on a project, against which it expects a non-reimbursable cost of Rs. 80 Lacs. The project is expected to be a loss project and the entire estimated loss other than Rs. 80 lacs has already been provided for. The audit report has not been issued. The amount is material. Advise on the accounting. CA Rajiv Kohli CA Deepti Kheror

14 Analysis of Example 2 :- The condition of rocky surface existed on the balance sheet date, though it was identified after the balance sheet date. The Board of Directors should revise the financial statements, since the accounts are still not audited. Had the accounts been audited and approved at the AGM, revision would have not been permissible. CA Rajiv Kohli CA Deepti Kheror

15 Example 3 Facts :- Whether a liability on wage revisions for past periods on which agreement was reached or expected to reach after the balance sheet date to be recognized at the balance sheet date? CA Rajiv Kohli CA Deepti Kheror

16 Analysis of Example 3 :- The company was aware on the balance sheet date, that the revision of past wages was probable as it had sent proposals in respect thereof although the final amount was subject to approval of the government and settlement with its workers. Since the condition about the wage revision existed at the balance sheet date the liability arising from wage revision subsequent to the balance sheet date but in respect of past wages should be provided in the accounts based on a best estimate. CA Rajiv Kohli CA Deepti Kheror

17 EXAMPLES OF NON-ADJUSTING EVENTS Example 1 Cheques received after the balance sheet date but bearing Balance Sheet or Pre Balance Sheet Date:- In accordance with ICAI opinion, published in the ICAI journal of February 2005, cheques received after the balance sheet date, though containing the balance sheet date or pre balance sheet date should not be recognized in the financial statements. This is in accordance with the accounting framework for recognition of assets and liabilities. IAS 10 THROUGH A FEW EXAMPLES CA Rajiv Kohli CA Deepti Kheror

18 COMPARISON OF ADJUSTING & NON- ADJUSTING EVENT ParticularsCASE ICASE II Facts of the Example Due to destruction of the factory by fire on 15 th March, 1993, X, one of the Company’s debtors declared himself insolvent on 15 th April, Advice your client on the treatment for the year ended 31 st March, 1993 On 15 th April, 1993 due to destruction of the factory by fire X, one of the company’s debtors, declared himself insolvent. Advice your client in the treatment for the year ended on 31 st March, 1993 CA Rajiv Kohli CA Deepti Kheror

19 COMPARISON OF ADJUSTING & NON- ADJUSTING EVENT ParticularsAdjusting Event (I)Non-Adjusting Event (II) Analysis of the Example Since the fire took place before the year end, the condition of insolvency was existing at the balance sheet date. Thus it is an adjusting event for which a provision of doubtful debt needs to be created at the balance sheet date. Since the fire took place on 15 th April, 1993 as a result of which the debtor became insolvent, it is not a condition at the balance sheet date. Thus, it is non-adjusting event and provision of debtors is not required to be made at the balance sheet date. However, appropriate disclosures are required to be made in the report of the board of directors. CA Rajiv Kohli CA Deepti Kheror

20 DISCLOSURES UNDER IAS 10 Disclosure of Authorization:  An entity should disclose the date when the financial statements were authorized for issue and who gave that authorization.  If the owners of the entity or others have the power to amend the financial statements after issuance, the fact is disclosed CA Rajiv Kohli CA Deepti Kheror

21 DISCLOSURES UNDER IAS 10 Updating Disclosures : An entity shall update disclosure that relate to the conditions that existed at the reporting date in the light of any new information that it receives after the reporting about those conditions. CA Rajiv Kohli CA Deepti Kheror

22 COMPARISON OF IAS 10 & AS-4 Item of Difference IAS 10AS 4 Adjusting & Non- adjusting event Amounts recognized in the financial statements should be adjusted for events that provide additional evidence of conditions that existed at the balance sheet date and should not be adjusted for events that provide evidence of conditions that did not exist at the balance sheet date. Similar to IFRS, Under AS 4, non-adjusting events are required to be disclosed in the report of the approving authority, for example, the board report. Authorization date for issue of Financial Statements The date of authorization for issue of financial statements should be specifically mentioned in the financial statements itself as required by IAS 10 No such requirement CA Rajiv Kohli CA Deepti Kheror

23 COMPARISON OF IAS 10 & AS-4 Item of Difference IAS 10AS 4 Proposed Dividend If dividends to holders of equity instruments are proposed or declared after the balance sheet date, an entity should not recognize those dividends as a liability at the balance sheet date. Proposed Dividend is a non-adjusting event. The companies are required to make provision for proposed dividend, even though the same are declared after the balance sheet date. CA Rajiv Kohli CA Deepti Kheror

24 Comparison of AS 4( Revised 20XX), IAS 10 & IFRIC 17 Requirements contained in the AS 4 (Revised 20XX) same as those contained in IAS 10 No difference between the AS 4 (Revised 20XX), IAS 10 and, IFRIC 17 CA Rajiv Kohli CA Deepti Kheror

25 Conflicting issues with Schedule VI Dividend declared entity after the reporting period, is not recognised as a liability at end of the reporting period under AS 4 (Revised 20XX). Such dividend required to be disclosed in notes to balance sheet, in accordance with AS 1 (Revised 20XX) In contrast, dividend declared but not paid or proposed dividend both shown as liability in financial statements as per requirements of Schedule VI to the Companies Act, 1956 CA Rajiv Kohli CA Deepti Kheror

26 APPLICATION AT TIME OF IMPLEMENTING IFRS 1 At date of transition to IFRS, an entity may need to make estimates under IFRS that were not required at that date under Indian GAAP To achieve consistency with IAS 10, those estimates under IFRS shall reflect conditions that existed at the date of transition to IFRS Eg: a constructive obligation that was not recognised under Indian GAAP should be included in opening IFRS Balance Sheet using estimates for expected future cash outflows and discount rates that existed at that time CA Rajiv Kohli CA Deepti Kheror

27 CA Rajiv Kohli Head Internal Audit, Sox and IFRS Mob: CA Deepti Kheror Asst. Vice President Mob: Offices: Delhi ChandigarhMumbai 504, Chiranjiv Tower, 43, Nehru Place, No 1048, Sector 18-C, First Floor 105 Chartered House, 293/297 New Delhi – , Chandigarh , Dr. Cawasji Hormasji Street, Tel : , , Tel: , Near Marine Lines, Mumbai Tel: Chennai Bangalore No. 17, 46th Street, Ashok Nagar 105, A Block, Collasseo Ventures, Chennai , S.No.118/119, Behind Indian Oil Petrol Bunk, Tel : , , Marathahalli, Bangalore


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