Presentation on theme: "UNMET NEED FOR SEATS IN NEW 2015-2019 CAPITAL PLAN INCLUDING CLASS SIZE AND OVERCROWDING DATA FOR COMMUNITY SCHOOL DISTRICT 10 Leonie Haimson, Class Size."— Presentation transcript:
UNMET NEED FOR SEATS IN NEW CAPITAL PLAN INCLUDING CLASS SIZE AND OVERCROWDING DATA FOR COMMUNITY SCHOOL DISTRICT 10 Leonie Haimson, Class Size Matters July 2014
School Utilization Rates at critical levels Citywide, schools have become more overcrowded over last six years. More than 480,000 students citywide are in extremely overcrowded buildings. Elementary schools avg. building utilization “target” rates at 97.4%; median at 102%. High schools are not far behind at 95.2%. High ES rates in all boroughs, including D10 and D11 in the Bronx 108% and 105.6%, respectively. In Queens, D24 (120.6%), D25 (109.7%), D26 (110%), D27 (106.1%), and D30 (107.3%) all extremely overcrowded. At the MS level, D20 in Brooklyn, D24, and D25 in Queens have building utilization rates over 95%. Queens high school buildings have avg. utilization rate of 110.7% and Staten Island high school buildings 103.2%. Data source: Blue Book target utilization rates
Average Utilization Rates City-Wide *Calculated by dividing building enrollment by the target capacity Source: DOE Blue Book
Proposed capital plan vs. needs for seats Proposed capital plan has (at most) 38,754 seats – and this if Cuomo’s “Smart School” bond act is approved. (806 more seats funded only for design) Plan admits real need of 49,245 (though doesn’t explain how this figure was derived). DOE’s consultants project enrollment increases of 60,000-70,000 students by 2021 At least 30,000 seats needed to alleviate current overcrowding for just those districts that average above 100%. Conclusion: real need for seats at least 100,000.
Proposed capital plan vs. needs for seats part II These figures do not capture overcrowding at neighborhood level, including schools with K waiting lists, or need to expand pre-K, reduce class size, restore cluster rooms, or provide space for charters as required in new state law. Does not capture need to replace trailers with capacity of more than 10,890 seats. Though DOE counts only 7,158 students attending class in TCUs, actual number is far higher & likely over 10,000. Also, DOE utilization figures underestimate actual overcrowding according to most experts and Chancellor, who has appointed a “Blue Book” taskforce to improve them. Revised utilization formula should be aligned to smaller classes, dedicated rooms for art, music, special education services, and more.
Class sizes have increased for six years in a row Despite provisions in 2007 state law requiring NYC reduce class sizes, classes in K-3 in largest since 1998; in grades 4-8 largest since K-3 average class size was 24.9 (Gen Ed, inclusion & gifted classes) compared to 20.9 in 2007, increase of 19%. In grades 4-8, the average class size was 26.8, compared to 25.1 in 2007 –increase of 6.8%. HS “core” academic classes, class size average 26.7, up slightly since (Yet DOE’s measure of HS class sizes is inaccurate and their methodology changes, so estimates cannot be relied upon.) Averages do NOT tell the whole story – as more than 330,000 students were in classes of 30 or more in There were 40,268 kids in K-3 in classes of 30 or more in – an increase of nearly 14% compared to the year before. The number of teachers decreased by over 5000 between , according to the Mayor’s Management Report, despite rising enrollment.
Class sizes in District 10 have increased in grades K-3 by 15.8% since 2007 and are far above Contracts for Excellence goals Data sources: DOE Class Size Reports , 2008 DOE Contracts for Excellence Approved Plan
District 10’s class sizes in grades 4-8 have increased by 8.2% since 2006 and are also far above Contracts for Excellence goals Data sources: DOE Class Size Reports , 2008 DOE Contracts for Excellence Approved Plan
Class sizes city-wide have increased in core HS classes as well, by 2.3% since 2007, though the DOE data is unreliable* *DOE’s class size data is unreliable & their methodology for calculating HS averages have changed year to year
D10 Schools with large class sizes In grades K-3, there are 17 schools in District 10 with at least one grade with an average class size of 30 or more, according to DOE’s November 2013 report,. PS 279, PS 205, PS 20, PS 056, PS 008, and Luisa Piñeiro Fuentes School of Science and Discovery have at least three grade levels K-3 with 30 or more students. In grades 4-8, 30 schools have at least one grade level with an average class size of 30 or more. Jonas Bronck Academy, New School for Leadership and Journalism, and P.S. 95 have at least three grade levels with 30 or more students at the 4-8 level.
Examples of schools in D10 with large class sizes, K-3
At least 30,000 seats currently needed just in districts averaging over 100% *These figures are the difference between capacity & enrollment in the organizational target # in Blue Book Source: DOE “Blue Book”
Over-utilized ES and MS buildings in CSD 10 and in Bronx HS There were 46 buildings with elementary and middle school students in CSD 10 that are over-utilized. The seat need for these schools is nearly 4,000 students.* 14 Bronx high school buildings are over-utilized. Nearly 2,400 seats are needed to reduce utilization to 100%.* *Note that the seat need here is higher because it takes into account all over- utilized school buildings (100% or more) rather than the need averaged across the district.
Average Building Utilization Rates in CSD 10 *Calculated by dividing building enrollment by the target capacity Source: DOE Blue Book
46 Over-utilized ES and MS buildings in CSD 10 (percentages) *3,974 seats needed to reach 100% building utilization
14 Bronx High Schools Above 100%; 2,385 HS seats needed to reduce building utilization rate to 100% but NO Bronx HS to be built in capital plan Source: DOE Blue Book
New Seats in Capital Plan and DOE Enrollment Projections for CSD 10 Enrollment projections estimate 5,990 to 7,685 new K-8 students in D10 by 2021 but only 2,192 seats added in capital plan.
City-wide Enrollment Projections K-8 vs. New Seats in Capital Plan *Statistical Forecasting does not include D75 students; K-8 Seats in Capital Plan are categorized as Small PS and PS/IS and includes 4,900 seats for class size reduction if Bond issue passes. Source for Housing Starts: NYSCA Projected New Housing Starts , PlanManagementReportsData/Housing/ HousingWebChart.pdf; Projected public school ratio, https://data.cityofnewyork.us/Education/Pr ojected-Public-School-Ratio/n7ta-pz8k PlanManagementReportsData/Housing/ HousingWebChart.pdf https://data.cityofnewyork.us/Education/Pr ojected-Public-School-Ratio/n7ta-pz8k
City-wide Enrollment Projections HS vs. New Seats in Capital Plan *Statistical Forecasting does not include D75 students; HS Seats in Capital Plan are categorized as IS/HS and does not include seats for class size reduction Source for Housing Starts: NYSCA Projected New Housing Starts , ManagementReportsData/Housing/ HousingWebChart.pdf; Projected public school ratio, https://data.cityofnewyork.us/Education/Projec ted-Public-School-Ratio/n7ta-pz8k ManagementReportsData/Housing/ HousingWebChart.pdf https://data.cityofnewyork.us/Education/Projec ted-Public-School-Ratio/n7ta-pz8k
Also Kindergarten wait lists in many neighborhoods
2014 Kindergarten Waitlists in CSD 10 According to DOE, the wait list for zoned Kindergarten spots in 2014 is smaller citywide than in 2013, with 1,242 zoned students on wait lists as of April 21, of 32 school districts currently have at least one school with a waiting list. 63 schools have zoned wait lists: 20 in Brooklyn, 17 in Queens, 11 in Manhattan, 11 in The Bronx, and 4 in Staten Island. DOE less transparent than ever: the number of zoned students for particular schools if less than 10 is not revealed – and methodology for creating wait lists unexplained. Over 7,000 families got none of their choices but unclear how many were put on wait list for their zoned school. There were two schools in District 10 with waiting lists for zoned Kindergarten students: PS 007 Kingsbridge (59 students) and PS X037 Multiple Intelligence (1-9 students). PS 007 Kingsbridge saw a sharp increase in wait listed students from 6 in 2013 to 59 in 2014.
Trailers in CSD 10 and Bronx HS I.S. 80/P.S. 280 has four TCU’s with 126 students enrolled. There are five high schools in the Bronx, with 13 TCU’s: South Bronx HS, Adlai E Stevenson HS, John F Kennedy HS, Morris HS, and Jane Addams HS have trailers. The capacity for all but Jane Addams (30 students each in six classrooms) is not listed in the TCU Report. Enrollment is also not listed.
Seats Need for CSD 10 and Bronx High Schools FY Capital Plan adds 2,192 seats in District 10. Nearly 4,000 new seats are needed just to reduce the elementary and middle school students in D10 buildings over 100% utilization. Enrollment projections predict 6,000 – 7,700 new K-8 students over the next 5-10 years (counting housing starts). There are 126 students in trailers in CSD10 that also need to be replaced. Real need for D10 K-8 seats could be as many as over 10,000 to nearly 12,000 new seats. In Bronx high schools, nearly 2,400 new seats are needed to address current overcrowding in buildings over 100% utilization. Yet according to the Capital Plan, no seats are currently expected to be added in Bronx high schools.
New charter provisions passed in state budget Any charter co-located in a NYC school building cannot be evicted and has veto powers before they leave the building – even if they are expanding and squeezing out NYC public school students. This includes any charter co-location agreed to before 2014 – including the three Success charter schools approved right before Bloomberg left office. Any new or charter school in NYC adding grade levels must be “provided access to facilities” w/in five months of asking for it. If they don’t like the space offered by the city, they can appeal to the Commissioner King, who is a former charter school director and has never ruled against a charter school.. NO FISCAL IMPACT statement or analysis accompanying this bill. In addition, the state will provide all charter schools with per-pupil funding increases, amounting to $500 over the next 3 years and provide them funding for pre-K.
Charter space provisions ONLY apply to NYC Upstate legislators fought off making charters eligible for state facilities funds – which would have been better for NYC. Yet legislators did not block these onerous provisions for NYC, where we have the most expensive real estate & the most overcrowded schools in the state. If the DOE doesn’t offer charter schools free space, the city must pay for a school’s rent in private space or give them an extra 20 percent over their operating aid every year going forward. After the city spends $40 million per year on charter rent, the state will begin chipping in 60% of additional cost.
How many charters will there be entitled to free space? We have 183 charters in NYC, 119 in co-located space. 22 new charters are approved to open next year or the year after, all entitled to free space. 52 additional charter schools left to approve until we reach the cap raised in 2010 – with legislative approval – all entitled to free space. Any new or existing co-located charter can also be authorized to expand grade levels through HS and will be entitled to free space. DOE will be paying $5.4 M in annual rent for four years for 3 Success Academy schools that only have 484 students next year – at a cost of $11,000 per student. This doesn’t count the unknown renovation costs in these 3 schools, also paid for by the city.
Blue book data & Utilization formula inaccurate & underestimates actual level of overcrowding Class sizes in grades 4-12 larger than current averages & far above goals in city’s C4E plan & will likely force class sizes upwards Doesn’t require full complement of cluster rooms or special needs students to have dedicated spaces for their mandated services Doesn’t properly account for students now housed in trailers in elementary and middle schools. Doesn’t account for co-locations which subtract about 10% of total space and eat up classrooms with replicated administrative & cluster rooms. Small schools use space less efficiently Instructional footprint shrank full size classroom only 500 sq. feet min., risking building code/safety violations at many schools as sq feet per student required. Special ed classrooms defined as only sq ft, thought State Ed guidelines call for 75 sq ft per child with special needs; classrooms this small would allow only 3- 7 students.
Comparison of class sizes in Blue book compared to current averages & Contract for excellence goals Grade levels UFT Contract class size limits Target class sizes in "blue book" Current average class sizes C4E class Size goals How many sq ft per student required in classrooms according to NYC building code Kindergarten st-3rd th-5th th-8th 30 (Title I) 33 (non-Title I) HS (core classes) * * DOE reported HS class sizes unreliable
Some Recommendations 38,000 seats in capital plan is too low, esp. given existing overcrowding, projected enrollment, preK expansion, class size reduction, new mandates to provide charter schools with space Also very low as compared to Mayor’s plan to create or preserve 200,000 affordable housing units. Council should expand the seats in five year capital plan. Commission an independent analysis by City Comptroller, IBO or other agency. Adopt reforms to planning process so that schools are built along with housing in future through mandatory inclusionary zoning, impact fees etc. Over half of all states and 60% of large cities have impact fees, requiring developers to pay for costs of infrastructure improvements, including schools.