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Chapter 10 Section 4 Indian Removal Describe the culture of Native Americans in the Southeast. Describe the conflict over land occupied by Native Americans.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 10 Section 4 Indian Removal Describe the culture of Native Americans in the Southeast. Describe the conflict over land occupied by Native Americans."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 10 Section 4 Indian Removal Describe the culture of Native Americans in the Southeast. Describe the conflict over land occupied by Native Americans in the Southeast. Discuss the forced removal of Native Americans. Objectives

2 Chapter 10 Section 4 Indian Removal Terms and People Sequoyah – Cherokee leader and creator of the Cherokee alphabet

3 Chapter 10 Section 4 Indian Removal Set Questions: 1.List three Native American tribes that were relocated by the United States Federal Government. 2.Why did the US Government want the land? 3.How were the Cherokee’s different from other Native American tribes? 4.What act gave Jackson the power to remove the Native Americans? See Pages in your book

4 Chapter 10 Section 4 Indian Removal Why did Jackson use force to remove Indians from the Southeast? Beginning with President Jefferson, there had been attempts to move Native Americans westward. Jefferson hoped Native Americans would move voluntarily to preserve their culture (way of life).

5 Chapter 10 Section 4 Indian Removal After the War of 1812, Native Americans in the “old” Northwest gave up their lands and moved west of the Mississippi River. However, the Native Americans living in the Southeast refused to move.

6 Chapter 10 Section 4 Indian Removal American settlement To government leaders, the tribes of the Southeast stood in the way of westward expansion. By the 1820s, many southerners were demanding that the government move the tribes by force. Fertile farmland tribes

7 Chapter 10 Section 4 Indian Removal The pressure on Native Americans grew. President Monroe created a plan to move all Native Americans west, but it failed. The state of Georgia forced the Creeks to give up most of their land. Georgia tried to force the Cherokees to give up their lands

8 Chapter 10 Section 4 Indian Removal Georgia’s actions were challenged in two Supreme Court cases. Cherokee Nation v. Georgia The Federal Government could not stop Georgia from enforcing their laws. Worcester v. Georgia However, Georgia’s laws “can have no force” in Cherokee territory.

9 Chapter 10 Section 4 Indian Removal In Worcester v. Georgia, Chief Justice John Marshall quoted treaties signed by the United States. The treaties granted territory to the Native Americans. Marshall said that Georgia did not have the right to revoke treaties made between two sovereign nations. Treaties between the United States and the Native Americans Georgia’s laws

10 Chapter 10 Section 4 Indian Removal President Jackson opposed the Supreme Court ruling in Worcester v. Georgia. The act gave Native Americans land in the West in exchange for their lands in the East. In 1830, Jackson put a new federal law into effect. Indian Removal Act

11 Chapter 10 Section 4 Indian Removal When Andrew Jackson became President in 1829, more than 100,000 Native Americans lived east of the Mississippi River. Choctaw Chickasaw Cherokee Creek Seminole

12 Chapter 10 Section 4 Indian Removal The Seminoles were a mix of Native Americans in Florida, Creeks, and escaped African American slaves.

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14 Chapter 10 Section 4 Indian Removal Are there any Native American villages in PA today? There are no federally recognized Indian tribes in Pennsylvania today. Non-recognized Indian tribes and communities include: Eastern Lenape Nation of Pennsylvania: 21 Cedar Lane Mountville, PA You may be wondering………….

15 Chapter 10 Section 4 Indian Removal The Cherokees had a distinct culture of their own. They had a written language, developed by Sequoyah. Many had converted to Christianity. In 1827, they formed a constitutional government. They claimed status as a separate nation. They also adopted some white customs. Some learned to speak, read, and write English. They ran businesses, such as lumber mills.

16 Chapter 10 Section 4 Indian Removal Jackson’s Indian Removal Act was enforced in the 1830s. The Choctaws signed a treaty giving up all of their lands – Most Native American leaders believed they had no choice.

17 Chapter 10 Section 4 Indian Removal Jackson’s Indian Removal Act was enforced in the 1830s. The Choctaws moved west. They suffered greatly on their journey – The federal government failed to provide enough supplies, such as tents and food.

18 Chapter 10 Section 4 Indian Removal Jackson’s Indian Removal Act was enforced in the 1830s. President Van Buren forced the Cherokees to leave their lands – The Cherokees remained on their land until after Jackson left office.

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20 Chapter 10 Section 4 Indian Removal More than 4,000 Cherokees died on the trail, due to the harsh weather and lack of supplies. The Cherokees’ forced journey to Indian Territory is known as the Trail of Tears.

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22 Chapter 10 Section 4 Indian Removal One group of Native Americans, the Seminoles, refused to leave their land. Although they never signed a peace treaty, most Seminoles were forced to move in the 1840s – The Seminoles fought three wars against removal.

23 Chapter 10 Section 4 Indian Removal In total, some 100,000 Native Americans were driven from their homes and forced to walk to a new home. In Indian Territory, in present day Oklahoma, Native Americans struggled to rebuild their lives in very difficult conditions.

24 Chapter 10 Section 4 Indian Removal Answer the following questions with one complete sentence: 1.What was President Jefferson’s idea regarding the Native Americans living east of the Mississippi River? 2.What was the difference between Jefferson’s policy regarding Native Americans and Jackson’s policy regarding Native Americans? 3.Do you think moving the Native Americans to the Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma state) helped to preserve their culture? Explain. Closing Questions

25 Chapter 10 Section 4 Indian Removal Section Review Know It, Show It QuizQuickTake Quiz


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