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Chilled Food Audit Requirements What’s Critical Kaarin Goodburn Chilled Food Association IFST, 13/10/11.

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Presentation on theme: "Chilled Food Audit Requirements What’s Critical Kaarin Goodburn Chilled Food Association IFST, 13/10/11."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chilled Food Audit Requirements What’s Critical Kaarin Goodburn Chilled Food Association IFST, 13/10/11

2 The unique UK chilled prepared food sector, CFA Standards and certification Best practice Key principles How to decide what hygiene standards apply Legislation What’s critical in auditing chill – summary CFA Guidance

3 UK Retail Chilled Prepared Food Industry YearMarket (£m) Chilled foods’ unique position Predominantly UK-made - Very few finished product imports Unpreserved Just in time HACCP from the outset Exacting microbiological standards Significant annual new product development Retail brand dominance, although brands now emerging

4 UK Chilled Prepared Food Characteristics Mainly multicomponent –Complex ingredient streams –Animal derivatives content 0-100%, large proportion of foods 5%-25% –Remainder: carbohydrate, e.g. bread, pasta, produce –Potential for re-working generally low –Much is handmade Short shelf life ingredients and final products –Ingredient replenishment in line with projected orders –Rapid distribution for sale Specified suppliers, own/contract growers –Integrated control – high risk ingredients not bought on open market Largely ready to eat –Hygiene is critical

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6 UK Chilled Prepared Food  Dressed salads  *Leafy salads  Prepared Vegetables  Prepared fruit  Stir fry kits  Sandwiches  Sandwich fillings  Quiche/flans  Pizza  Recipe dishes/kits  Meal Accompaniments  Sushi  Filled fresh Pasta  Soups ( some RTE )  Sauces ( some RTE )  Desserts Items in green include ready to eat variants *Leafy salads (1990+): UK: 2.7 x10 9 packs, Worldwide: 2x10 10 packs

7 Chilled Food Association Who are we? –Represent professional manufacturers supplying UK market What is our Mission? –To promote and defend the reputation and value of the professional chilled food industry through the development and communication of standards of excellence in the production and distribution of chilled food

8 CFA’s Overall Strategy Promote CFA standards and the sector to regulatory bodies, policymakers and other stakeholders CFA Members promote CFA standards throughout their supply bases CFA catalyses action on issues broader than the chilled food sector alone Aims to attract members who –Are professional chilled food manufacturers and chilled component/raw material suppliers –Meet CFA Guidelines standards –Are certificated to appropriate technical standards 8

9 Standards & Certification CFA is founded on Standards and certification CFA membership requirements –Statement of compliance with CFA’s Guidelines –Supporting reference from an existing member –Corroborative competence information –BRC or IFS certificate + non-conformances and close-outs –CV of the person responsible for food safety 14/12/89 Minister for Food Safety, David Maclean –First edition CFA Guidelines + Accreditation Scheme –BRC endorsement  aspired reduction in audits – launched – created at CFA’s request Who audits the auditor?

10 Enforcement Layers: Own Label Chilled Food 1.Food safety management system internal audit –And day to day management 2.Customer (retailer) audit –And interim visits 3.Third party audit –e.g. BRC (corrective action within 28d) 4.Environmental Health visit –Frequency based on scoring 10

11 CFA Best Practice Production Guidelines CFA Guidelines = Recommendations –hygiene area terminology differs but standards are the same CFA Guidelines publicly endorsed by major retailers at senior technical level

12 Key Principles: RTE, RTRH, RTC Ready to Eat (RTE) Intended by the producer or the manufacturer for direct human consumption without the need for cooking or other processing effective to reduce to an acceptable level or eliminate microorganisms of concern. (cold-eating) Ready to Cook (RTC) Designed to be given a heat process delivering a 6-log kill with respect to vegetative pathogens (a minimum process equivalent to 70°C/2 mins) throughout all components Ready to Reheat (RTRH) Manufactured in a High Care or High Risk Area and is designed to be reheated by the final consumer

13 Key Principles: Hygiene Specified high quality raw materials Complete cooked/uncooked materials segregation – 3 hygiene areas Cooking = Processing to achieve minimum 6 log reduction of target organism 3 Hygiene Areas: –High Risk (ECFF: cooked HCA/cHCA) –High Care (ECFF: raw HCA/rHCA) –Low Risk/GMP (ECFF: LRA) –Other products must not be produced in a HCA unless HACCP shows there are no additional risks to all products

14 Key Principles: Manufacturing Hygiene Areas Low Risk Area –Raw material intake, ready to cook foods, packaged product –Separate equipment, utensils, staff and changing areas High Care Area (raw HCA) –RTE and RTRH food production –Includes RTE/RTRH ingredients not thermally processed (minimum 70°C/2”) but having been decontaminated (validated) and grown/produced to RTE standards –Separate equipment, utensils, staff and changing areas High Risk Area (cooked HCA) –RTE and RTRH food production –Only thermally processed foods (minimum 70°C/2”) –Separate equipment, utensils, staff and changing areas

15 How to decide what hygiene standards apply

16 CFA decision tree determines the standard –thermal process used –risk presented by the manufacturing environment to the product

17 Figure 1: Decision tree to determine the minimum hygienic status required for chilled products EQUIVALENT HEAT TREATMENT DURING PROCESSING E FFECT OF HEAT TREATMENT *R ISK OF CONTAMINATION ? **R EMAINING HAZARDS TO BE ELIMINATED OR CONTROLLED M INIMUM HYGIENE LEVEL REQUIRED Equivalent thermal process Micro effect of thermal process Post-process contam risk? Remaining hazards to be eliminated or controlled Min hygiene level reqd All components  70°C/2” equiv? YES  Vegetative pathogens (e.g. Listeria spp.) destroyed. C. botulinum & B. cereus potential hazard  YES  Strict hygiene. Hurdles v. C. botulinum must be used to achieve >10d  HRA  NO  C. botulinum & B. cereus potential hazard. Hurdles v. C. botulinum must be used to achieve >10d  LRA  NO Cook before consuming? Not all components  70°C/2” equiv? YES  All types of pathogens remain a hazard  NO  (RTE, RTRH) Pathogens may remain from original components or recontamination. Limit further contamination by using HCA. Shelf life may need to be short unless sufficient hurdles used  HCA  YES  (RTC) Pathogens may remain from original components or recontamination. Cooking instructions must be validated. Shelf life may need to be short unless sufficient hurdles used  LRA

18 How should the decision tree be used? Examples: –Ready to reheat lasagne –Ready to eat mixed leaf and veg salad –Ready to cook pizza

19 Equivalent thermal process Micro effect of thermal process Post-process contam risk? Remaining hazards to be eliminated or controlled Min hygiene level required All components  70°C/2” equiv? YES  Vegetative pathogens (e.g. Listeria spp.) destroyed. C. botulinum & B. cereus remain a hazard  YES  Control recontamination by strict hygiene. Hurdles against C. botulinum must be used to achieve shelf life >10d  HRA Fully Cooked RTE/RTRH Food e.g. RTRH Lasagne

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21 Figure 1: Decision tree to determine the minimum hygienic status required for chilled products EQUIVALENT HEAT TREATMENT DURING PROCESSING E FFECT OF HEAT TREATMENT *R ISK OF CONTAMINATION ? **R EMAINING HAZARDS TO BE ELIMINATED OR CONTROLLED M INIMUM HYGIENE LEVEL REQUIRED Equivalent thermal process All components  70°C/2 min equivalent?  NO Micro effect of thermal process Cook before consuming? Remaining hazards to be eliminated or controlled Min hygiene level required Not all components  70°C/2 min equivalent? YES  All types of pathogens remain a hazard  NO  (RTE) Pathogens may remain from original components or recontamination. Limit further contamination by using HCA. Shelf life may need to be short unless sufficient hurdles used  HCA Raw RTE Food e.g. Mixed Leaf & Veg Salad

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23 Equivalent thermal process All components  70°C/2 min equivalent?  NO Micro effect of thermal process Cook before consuming? Remaining hazards to be eliminated or controlled Min hygiene level required Not all components  70°C/2” equiv? YES  All types of pathogens remain a hazard  YES  (RTC) Pathogens may remain from original components or recontamination. Cooking instructions must be validated. Shelf life may need to be short unless sufficient hurdles used  LRA RTC Food, e.g. Pizza

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25 Legislation RTE Foods EU Reg 2073/ FSA/CFA/BRC guidance –Environmental monitoring for Lm (or Listeria spp) –Shelf life protocol to be followed –Evidence of no exceedance of 100 Lm/g during shelf life EC Reg 2000/13 requires labelling of usage instructions –Reheating or cooking instructions must therefore provided on non-RTE foods –Ready to Cook: –Cooking: heating by the consumer so that all parts of a food or food ingredient reach a min time/temperature equivalent of 70°C for 2 mins, i.e. a 6-log reduction of Lm –Validated preparation instructions to assure that these times and temperature requirements are met

26 What’s Critical in Auditing Chill? Standards are appropriate, i.e. Management of supply chain inc traceability –e.g. Raw RTE ingredients grown/produced to RTE standards Personnel measures implemented –Pre-employment screening –Training –Return to work rules Manufacturing hygiene management robust –Area segregation in place –Thermal processing validated –Environmental monitoring in place and acted on –Final product sampling in place and acted on Post-manufacture —Shelf life controlled and based on chill chain performance and Lm —Cooking instructions validated —Chill chain functioning Auditors are competent to make assessments

27 Key CFA Guidelines Primary production –Microbiological Guidance for Growers –Pesticides Due Diligence –Veterinary Residues Management Guidance Factory –Best Practice Guidelines for the Production of Chilled Food –Covers all chilled prepared foods: –Hygienic Design Guidelines –Multicultural Hygiene Training –Produce washing protocols General –Water Quality Management Guidance –Guidance on the use & interpretation of micro testing –Guidance on the Practical Implementation of the EU Micro Criteria Regulations (FSA-endorsed CFA/BRC ) –Lm and shelf life guidance (CFA/BRC/FSA)

28 The centre of excellence for the chilled food industry


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