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1 Spectrophotometric Determination of Iron Using 1,10-Phenanthroline Chem 2223 Lab Prep.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Spectrophotometric Determination of Iron Using 1,10-Phenanthroline Chem 2223 Lab Prep."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Spectrophotometric Determination of Iron Using 1,10-Phenanthroline Chem 2223 Lab Prep

2 2 Goals and Objectives Goals –To become familiar with basic methods in UV-Visible molecular absorption spectrophotometry for quantitative chemical analysis Specific Objectives –Obtain absorption spectrum of the tris(1,10- phenanthroline)iron(II) complex and determine the analytical wavelength –Determine percent iron in a solid sample

3 3 Absorption of Light Beer-Lambert Law: A =  bc

4 4 Tris(1,10-phenantholine)iron(II) 1,10-Phenanthroline Fe phen  (phen) 3 Fe(II) Visible spectrum of (phen) 3 Fe(II) max orange-red complex

5 5 Beer’s Law Plot A =  b c  = molar absorptivity b = path length (cm) c = concentration (mol/L) A c

6 6 Ocean Optics USB2000 Spectrometer System Light source Sample holder Optical fiber cables Spectrometer PC with data acquisition software USB cable

7 7 Ocean Optics Spectrometer 1. Light fiber input (from sample) 2. Entrance slit 3. Filter Collimating Mirror Grating Focusing mirror Detector collection lens CCD detector (2048 pixels)

8 8 Procedure Obtain absorption spectrum of complex and determine max Prepare working stock solutions Prepare standard and unknown solutions, measure absorbance Construct Beer’s Law Plot (A vs c) and calculate %Fe in original solid sample. A c

9 9 Procedure Obtain absorption spectrum of complex and determine max Prepare working stock solutions –Standard Fe from pure Fe(NH 4 ) 2 (SO 4 ) 2.6H 2 O (Mohr’s salt) –Stock unknown solution Weigh 0.2 g solid unknown, dissolve in dilute acid and dilute to 500 mL Prepare standard and unknown solutions. To 100-mL volumetric flasks add –5 mL pH 5 buffer –5 mL 10% NH 2 OH.HCl –Aliquots of std Fe or unkown include a blank solution with no Fe –10 mL of 0.02 M 1,10-phenanthroline –Dilute to volume and measure absorbance at max Construct Beer’s Law Plot (A vs c) and calculate %Fe in original solid sample. –Typical results are 5 to 15% Fe. Report to nearest 0.01% Fe.

10 Calculations You want to report %Fe in your solid sample, so you need to find the mass of Fe in your weighed sample. Here is a general outline of the approach. Preparation of your stock sample solution. –You weighed x.xxxx g of your solid unknown. –You dissolved it in dilute acid and diluted it to yyy.y mL to prepare your stock sample solution. Your stock sample solution contains all of your solid sample. If you can determine the molar concentration of Fe in this solution, you can calculate the mass of Fe in your sample. Your calculated concentrations are based on the absorbances of your prepared standards and your prepared unknown. – Prepared standards. Based on the mass of pure Fe(NH 4 ) 2 (SO 4 ) 2.6H 2 O, and the dilutions you did, you compute the concentrations of Fe (mol/L) in your calibration standards. You measure the absorbance of each standard and construct a calibration curve. –Prepared unknown (the one for which you measured the absorbance) From the calibration curve, you determine the concentration of Fe (mol/L) in your prepared unknown. Based on the concentration of Fe in your prepared unknown, and the dilutions(s) of the stock sample solution you performed to prepare that standard, you compute the molar concentration of Fe in your stock sample solution. Now you can calculate the amount of Fe in your unknown sample. 10


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