Activism is a personal option but the enabling circumstances the institutional framework
What are the lessons? The 1968 movement: The understanding of collective action vis a vis the nation state as a challenge to the fragmentation of the subject 1975-1984: global crisis, the workers defeat and the emergence of ethnic movements.
Understanding ethnic/class movements The challenge to territorial authority
Institutional framework NGOs as bridges towards reconstruction of state authority via governmentality (developmentalism, green revolution) The possibility to take advantage of governmentality strategies (CENDA) in support of collective subject strategies
Action-Research and the Collective Subject Politicisation of cultural difference The issue of indigenous knowledge Different forms of governance Territory as jurisdictional rights of access to resources
The attempt at extending the authority of the state via decentralisation (1994). The “Political Instrument” The water wars (2000) The state crisis (2003) and fall of neoliberal government. The demand for a sovereign Constituent Assembly (1989-2000-2007).
We don’t recognize the legitimacy of the nation-state, it is not the source of our identity, we are the owners of this place and so we don’t pay taxes. We pay taxes so we have citizenship rights, we need to have recognition from the state because we recognize the nation-state as the source of my identity
2005-2010 The rebuilding of the nation-state authority? The decline of western civilization?