Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051) 401 3000

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051) 401 3000"— Presentation transcript:

1 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051) Scraping the surface: What is the bottom line regarding ethics Ms Moliehi Rosemary Mpeli School of nursing University of the Free State Prof. M.L.E. Monnapula-Mapesela Centre for Higher Education Studies and Development University of the Free State

2 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051) Overview of the presentation The purpose of the paper Background and literature Research design and methodology Research findings Recommendations and conclusion

3 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051) Purpose of the paper This paper advocates: The importance of cultural values as a basis for ethics formation and morality in higher education Recognition of cultural values as the way forward for (ethical) conduct in higher education in democratic and diverse communities

4 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051) Purpose of the paper cont. To share our experiences as academics within an institution that lacked cultural pluralism To demonstrate how our cultural values were/are neglected by the dominant culture

5 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051) Background and literature The role of education in South Africa pre- 1994: Cornerstone for apartheid - transmit values, myths and ideologies Sustain apartheid and culture of the Afrikaners

6 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051) Afrikaner vs native education The Afrikaner’s education Based on Christian National Spiritual and Cultural The native education Principles of trusteeship Non-equality and segregation Controlled in terms of structure and content

7 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051) Afrikaner vs native education cont. The Afrikaner’s education In the light of God’s discreet plan and will to separate nations ( Robertson and Whitten: 1978, Hirson: 1979, Johnson: 1982) The native education With the aim of inculcating the Afrikaners’ way of life as senior trustee

8 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051) Aims of native education: pre To prepare them for occupations such as gardening and house-keeping To teach them that equality is not for natives and Their place within the white community is not above certain forms of labour (Birley: 1968 and Horrel: 1968, Johnson:1982)

9 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051) The dawn of democracy 1994 Main issues of concern: Transformation agenda was strengthened Reconstruction and development of the country Redress of inequality In higher education many policies were developed

10 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051) The dawn of democracy cont. These policies advocate issues of transformation such as: Transforming institutional cultures Widening access for blacks Access with success

11 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051) What about institutional culture? Transparency, an open culture of integrity, ownership and accountability Recognition of stakeholders values

12 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051) Institutional culture Design of institutional policies to meet objectives Ensure existence of conditions that bring the best in all people –Are all people valued as human beings? –Is there a sense of family or community? –Are people physically and emotionally safe?

13 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051) Ethics in Higher education How does higher education contribute towards ethics development? Who evaluates the impact of these strategies on ethical development? Who ensures that these are enforced in teaching and learning?

14 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051) Ethics in Higher education Examples: Orientation speeches Convocations Community service learning Religious and spiritual activities (Daltone and Crosby 2006)

15 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051) Ethics in Higher education cont. What are some of the ethical issues that you encounter in your own practice?

16 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051) Racism Plagiarism Fraud Theft Prejudice Stereotyping Sexism discrimination on grounds of disability and sexual orientation gentlemen’s clubs queen bee syndrome,

17 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051) Controversies regarding Ethics Problems regarding teaching ethics and teaching about ethics What type of ethics should be taught? Can an individual be taught to be ethical? Are professions: law, health, business void of ethical issues?

18 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051) Concept culture Lacks a single meaning, and entails: –Collective programming of mind that distinguishes members of a culture –It is an important aspect of an individual’s life (Sivathambi : 2000, Adigalar: 2000, Hofstede: 1983, Matšela: 1979, Boas:1934)

19 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051) Culture cont. It builds a person’s identity It is a bedrock for survival of people It influences decision-making, thinking, actions and behaviour (Sivathambi :2000, Adigalar :2000, Hofstede: 1983, Matšela: 1979, Boas :1934)

20 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051) ValuesCultural valuesEthics Acted out involuntarily Guide interactions, behaviour, attitudes and psychosocial processes They shape life and experiences Patterns of goodness or badness assigned to ways of being in the world Shapes one’s worldview and behaviour Are related to development of ethics Give meaning to thinking, decisions and actions Deeply engrained in person (Leininger and McFarland 2002, Bennet 1998) Result from personal choice after reflection and deliberation on cultural values and morals They are incorporated in the identity and personal policy of a person’s life They guide decision- making and actions (Winberg 2006)

21 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051) Research design and methodology Qualitative research Critical autoethnography

22 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051) The designs These designs hold same assumptions : That reality in neither fixed, nor entirely external But reality is created by and moves with changing perception and beliefs (Cormack 2000, Duncan 2004, Marxwell 1996)

23 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051) Critical Autoethnography It is a process by which the researcher chooses to make explicit use of own position, involvement and experience as an integral part of ethnographic research (Duncan 2004)

24 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051) Critical Autoethnography cont. Involves the researchers examining critically their culturally situated lived experiences Reconceptualising their cultural identities (Duncan 2004)

25 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051) Critical Autoethnography cont. Developing inclusive educational philosophies that acknowledge beliefs, values, languages, identities and experiential realities that are brought into the classroom (Duncan 2004)

26 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051) The context: Our university It is a historically white Afrikaans university Its transformation started and has been in transit ever since Was forced by the Dutch Reformed Church to introduce the Afrikaner Education policy and to use Afrikaans as the only medium of instruction

27 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051) The context: Our university 1988 – One black student was allowed to register at the university 1989 – Hostel accommodation ban for black students was lifted Parallel medium was introduced The university is still the stronghold of the Afrikaans culture

28 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051) The context: Our university Current university values are: Academic freedom and autonomy Excellence Fairness Service Integrity

29 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051) Who are we? We are Basotho Raised within a rich culture that believes initiation into the human experiential world is a lifelong endeavour

30 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051) Who are we? Cont. Indigenous initiation/education: Is a strategy that gives entry into another experience It is through initiation that apprentices become introduced into adulthood and into important social operations

31 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051) Who are we? Cont. Started from infancy where a woman of good repute initiated our first morsel of meat Through proverbs, fables, folktales, legends, and myths, we learned the values of our culture Cultural values form the basis of our experiences

32 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051) Who are we? Cont. When we were adolescents, our parents decided on Western education for us, instead of indigenous initiation/education This was approved by the community as the benefits of this were and are still obvious

33 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051) Who are we? Cont. Our culture forms part of our inner world In order to make sense of every situation, we consult our values faculties, which are our experiences

34 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051) Our cultural identity Our culture poses a collective identity and cultural frame of reference This identity is based on our values which are some how hierarchical

35 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051) Our cultural values Pursuit of peace (kgotso) Service for the benefit of society Human dignity is an important attribute Self-expression Appreciation and encouragement of the good and pursuit of excellence, beauty and mastery

36 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051) Our cultural values Believe in God Authority and respect Industriousness and wealth

37 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051) Experiences : Results Personal experiences of the authors who studied at a transforming university of South Africa Later on, we both became academic staff members

38 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051) Experiences : Results Scheduling of lectures Parallel medium (English and Afrikaans) Window dressing Institutional policies Separate hostels (Rietz video) Single classroom composed of groupings of students based on race

39 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051) Experiences : Results Selective communalism No trusting relationship between the communities that were separated Talking about racial issues, differences and individuality is a sin

40 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051) Experiences : Results We feel like visitors, outsiders even after 12 years of academic life What keeps us going is the resilience taught at childhood

41 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051) Experiences : Results cont. At times we become depressed with a strong urge to quit (resigning has been one strategy employed by many of our colleagues at UFS)

42 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051) Impact of unrealised values When a person’s culture, security and values are threatened, neglected or oppressed: –Suffer ethnostress feelings of hopelessness malfunctioning behaviour loss of identity, denial of self/identity and culture (Antone and Hill 1992)

43 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051) Recommendations and conclusions The interface between practice and theory of ethics should be unified by the harmony created by being at peace with ones cultural values

44 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051) Recommendations and conclusions cont. Ethics should not only be good on paper/theory but should be acted out in moral worth Make students aware of the practice of ethics

45 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051) Recommendations and conclusions cont. Ethics should be transferable/translated into good action and conduct (such conduct should display ethical significance or worth/value observable as good will)

46 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051) Recommendations and conclusions cont. Value clarification Assist all students in searching and researching their cultural values/prior knowledge Cultural values should form a basis for the development of ethical discernment

47 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051)

48 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051)

49

50 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051)

51

52 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051)

53

54

55 Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051)

56 THANK YOU!


Download ppt "Departement Sentrum Department Centre UNIVERSITEIT VAN DIE VRYSTAAT UNIVERSITY OF THE FREE STATE YUNIVESITHI YA FREISTATA Tel (051) 401 3000"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google