Presentation on theme: "Laura Cox, Frontline GMS Ltd. ALPSP Survey (2008): over 91% of journals online. Widely held that we should maximise digital benefits and eliminate."— Presentation transcript:
Laura Cox, Frontline GMS Ltd
ALPSP Survey (2008): over 91% of journals online. Widely held that we should maximise digital benefits and eliminate print cost burdens. Examine the barriers to an exclusively electronic only journals environment in UK HEIs and how to overcome them. Literature search, SCONUL stats, publisher data, programme of interviews.
Massive transition print to online required redeployment, retraining and new skills. No evidence that “print culture” still exists. Two practical issues: Reluctance to “sell” to academics Non-activation of online access
Many publishers didn’t mention OA or didn’t think it was relevant Academics and libraries welcome OA Majority of libraries shared publisher view: OA is a different issue - not directly relevant Reluctance to engage with open access is not in itself a barrier
Some authors, editors and readers prefer print Concerns over image quality and digital rights Regulators and professional bodies mandates Advertising /reprints (Medicine, Engineering) Professional bodies to be targeted to change mandates to online. Educate academics about quality of images. Use digital printing and Print on Demand
ALPSP survey found 95% of publishers make backfiles available – 37% retro-digitised Lack of availability and funding in libraries RLUK libraries found it more important than other institutions UKRR is an important reassurance Availability of online backfiles does not prevent migrating current print subs to online
Closely related to continuing demand for print Faculty see the benefits: 24/7 availability Remote access Better discovery tools More journals available to them Steady migration to online in all disciplines Work patterns already evolving, little needs to be done other than at a local level
Small but significant segment of scholarly journals only available in print: Small presses and small societies in Humanities University departments Foreign language titles Diminishing problem Help needed to move journals online
Opt-in deals do not attract publishers’ best prices. Bloc purchase achieves best prices but provide libraries titles they don’t need. UK wide consortium unlikely to work due to competition between universities. JISC Collections is a great enabler, as seen with SHEDL and could assist in the creation of new regional all-in consortia.
Concerns about robustness of preservation and digital obsolescence. No national strategy, range of projects and systems. Confidence has increased due to UK LOCKSS Alliance, Portico and UKRR. Considered in more details in Charles Beagrie’s paper for JISC.
Changes in publisher and platforms Access and authentication and log-in problems Difference in interfaces and nomenclature Standard terminology for user log-in All publishers implement Shibboleth and Athens Definition of authorised users should include as standard: walk-in use, affiliated staff Publishers sign up to UKSG Project Transfer
Right to continuing access is becoming standard, but is far from universal. Problems: Maintenance fee, Physical media Major problem for RLUK libraries, post-1992 much more relaxed. Publishing trade bodies and UKSG should continue to tell publishers why this is important.
The zero rate cannot be extended! EC re-examining VAT directive with a view to equalise print and online publications. Nothing is going to change overnight. There are measures that publishers can take: Effect a differential between print and online pricing sufficient to mitigate VAT
Libraries face a plethora of pricing models. Not all publishers even offer online only pricing. Publishers cannot discuss pricing policy. JISC and RLUK could bring together library groups to create a statement of requirements: Integrate pricing models with other terms such as authorised users, continuing access. Publishers must create online only pricing that offsets VAT, this is a 17% difference.
Journal A Print subscription: £150 Online subscription: £150 inclusive of VAT £150 /120% = £125 £125 x 20% = £25 VAT £125 + £25 = £150 £25 is 16.67% of £150 (17% rounded)
Every publisher’s online only price is 17% less than print. Promote the benefits of moving to e-only with briefing notes and seminars. A clear national strategy for long term preservation. Identify professional and regulatory bodies which only recognise print and address that issue. JISC, RLUK and SCONUL develop a joint statement of requirements on pricing models and licensing terms including continuing access and authorised users.
Laura Cox Frontline GMS Ltd Report can be downloaded at: work/communicating-and-disseminating- research/transitions-scholarly- communications-portfolio-res