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years An overview of child related policy development in the 20 year review Mastoera Sadan National Planning Commission, The Presidency.

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Presentation on theme: "years An overview of child related policy development in the 20 year review Mastoera Sadan National Planning Commission, The Presidency."— Presentation transcript:

1 Children@20 years An overview of child related policy development in the 20 year review Mastoera Sadan National Planning Commission, The Presidency

2 Overview Demographics Household Characteristics and living arrangements Child Poverty Basic Services Child Support Grant Early Childhood Development

3 Data Sources Trends in respect of children between 1993 and 2011 Data large-scale national household surveys Two at the beginning of period and two at the end of the period PSLSD – Project for Statistics on Living Standards and Development (1993) NIDS – National Income Dynamics Study (2008) October Household Survey (1995) General Household Survey (2011)

4 Journey since 1994 The advent of democracy in 1994 presented the democratic government with the opportunity to change the trajectory of all children South Africa The Bill of Rights in the Constitution (1996) signalled the primacy of the rights of children in Section 28 The South African government ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1995 and the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child in 2000 Initial period law reform key feature of policy process Numerous policy and programme interventions

5 Child share of the population by province, 1993-2011 (%) 1993199520082011 Eastern Cape 48.747.344.740.4 Free State 39.838.737.936.2 Gauteng 32.130.429.830.5 KwaZulu-Natal 47.043.0 39.6 Limpopo 50.651.044.442.6 Mpumalanga 43.043.639.440.2 Northern Cape 44.740.434.737.5 North West 39.640.935.536.6 Western Cape 34.235.430.232.6 Total 42.541.237.936.8

6 Household characteristics and living arrangements

7 Distribution of children by household type, 1993-2011 (%) Source: PSLSD, OHS, NIDS, GHS

8 Child and adult distribution by area type Source: NIDS 2008

9 Parental co-residence with children, 1993-2011 Source: PSLSD, OHS, NIDS, GHS

10 Child Poverty

11 Child Poverty rates 1993-2011 1993 poverty rates2011 poverty rates AdultsChildrenAdultsChildren POVERTY LINE%% H &Ö Upper bound65.382.356.575.0 H &Ö Lower bound48.367.937.756.4 StatsSA Upper bound49.769.038.958.2 StatsSA Lower bound40.159.528.344.4 $2-a-day34.152.616.927.1 $1.25-a-day21.635.97.712.2 CHILD POPULATION: 16 137 000 18 541 000 Source: PSLSD, GHS

12 Child poverty rates by province, 1993- 2011 (using Stats SA lower bound line) Source: PSLSD, NIDS, GHS

13 Basic Services: Living environment

14 Percentage of children with access to piped water on dwelling site by province, 1993-2011 (%) Source: PSLSD, OHS, NIDS, GHS 23 33 93 31 12 54 86 34 95 43 30 76 95 34 36 66 90 48 93 54 38 93 94 47 41 76 87 66 90 63 32 92 51 43 67 70 62 94 64 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 ECFSGTKZNLMMPNCNWWCRSA 1993199520082011

15 Percentage of children with access to flush toilet on dwelling site by province, 1995-2011 (%) 18 25 84 27 6 15 79 22 88 33 19 36 91 27 10 30 61 23 83 37 26 65 92 17 11 46 75 42 90 45 28 69 88 28 13 30 62 40 91 47 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 ECFSGTKZNLMMPNCNWWCRSA 1993199520082011 Source: PSLSD, OHS, NIDS, GHS

16 Child Support Grant Introduced in 1998 Paid to caregiver Intended to form a contribution to the costs of caring for young children Significant policy reform since introduction

17 Child grants Total Number Of Child Grants For The Period 1997-2012 Grant type 96/9798/9900/0102/0303/0404/0505/0606/0707/0808/0909/1010/1111/12 Foster Child 42 99946 49666 96783 574120 571195 454317 434400 503454 199474 759510 760512 874536 747 Care Dependency 2 70716 83533 57442 35576 49486 91790 11298 631102 292107 065110 731112 185114 993 Child Support 21 9971 111 6121 998 9362 996 7234 165 5457 075 2667 863 8418 189 9758 765 3549 570 28710 371 95010 927 731 Total 45 70685 32812121532124865331435944479167800246836297587464669347178101917781099700911579471 Source: Department of Social Development Socpen system

18 Policy issues CSG ensure children access the grant from birth, work with the Department of Health and Home Affairs to develop a system that is linked to birth registration improve take-rates for older children examine the implementation process of the CSG and learn the lessons from its successful implementation

19 Early Childhood Development

20 Increase in coverage over period, off a low base Increase in subsidy rate Increase in number of children who access ECD centres However current model has limitations

21 Attendance at ECD service of children under six years by monthly household expenditure, 2011 (%)

22 Policy and programme issues policy reform required to reconfigure the delivery model, the current model focuses on older children 3-5 years; develop options for interventions in the early years; develop a human resource strategy; additional resources are required.

23 Conclusion Significant progress, challenges remain Institutional level Improved intersectoral collaboration across programmes; Improved integrated service provision; Improved collaboration across spheres of government; Improved collaboration with civil society; A research strategy that focuses on children across sectors;

24 Programme level Child Support Grant a system whereby children are registered at birth automatically qualify for CSG receipt; Take-up rates for older children must be improved; Early Childhood Development a suite of interventions must be developed to increase coverage, in particular for young children 0-3 years, with a focus on children in rural areas and those who live in informal settlements in urban areas; the funding envelope must be increased over time; a human resource strategy must be developed;


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