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years An overview of child related policy development in the 20 year review Mastoera Sadan National Planning Commission, The Presidency.

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Presentation on theme: "years An overview of child related policy development in the 20 year review Mastoera Sadan National Planning Commission, The Presidency."— Presentation transcript:

1 years An overview of child related policy development in the 20 year review Mastoera Sadan National Planning Commission, The Presidency

2 Overview Demographics Household Characteristics and living arrangements Child Poverty Basic Services Child Support Grant Early Childhood Development

3 Data Sources Trends in respect of children between 1993 and 2011 Data large-scale national household surveys Two at the beginning of period and two at the end of the period PSLSD – Project for Statistics on Living Standards and Development (1993) NIDS – National Income Dynamics Study (2008) October Household Survey (1995) General Household Survey (2011)

4 Journey since 1994 The advent of democracy in 1994 presented the democratic government with the opportunity to change the trajectory of all children South Africa The Bill of Rights in the Constitution (1996) signalled the primacy of the rights of children in Section 28 The South African government ratified the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1995 and the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child in 2000 Initial period law reform key feature of policy process Numerous policy and programme interventions

5 Child share of the population by province, (%) Eastern Cape Free State Gauteng KwaZulu-Natal Limpopo Mpumalanga Northern Cape North West Western Cape Total

6 Household characteristics and living arrangements

7 Distribution of children by household type, (%) Source: PSLSD, OHS, NIDS, GHS

8 Child and adult distribution by area type Source: NIDS 2008

9 Parental co-residence with children, Source: PSLSD, OHS, NIDS, GHS

10 Child Poverty

11 Child Poverty rates poverty rates2011 poverty rates AdultsChildrenAdultsChildren POVERTY LINE%% H &Ö Upper bound H &Ö Lower bound StatsSA Upper bound StatsSA Lower bound $2-a-day $1.25-a-day CHILD POPULATION: Source: PSLSD, GHS

12 Child poverty rates by province, (using Stats SA lower bound line) Source: PSLSD, NIDS, GHS

13 Basic Services: Living environment

14 Percentage of children with access to piped water on dwelling site by province, (%) Source: PSLSD, OHS, NIDS, GHS ECFSGTKZNLMMPNCNWWCRSA

15 Percentage of children with access to flush toilet on dwelling site by province, (%) ECFSGTKZNLMMPNCNWWCRSA Source: PSLSD, OHS, NIDS, GHS

16 Child Support Grant Introduced in 1998 Paid to caregiver Intended to form a contribution to the costs of caring for young children Significant policy reform since introduction

17 Child grants Total Number Of Child Grants For The Period Grant type 96/9798/9900/0102/0303/0404/0505/0606/0707/0808/0909/1010/1111/12 Foster Child Care Dependency Child Support Total Source: Department of Social Development Socpen system

18 Policy issues CSG ensure children access the grant from birth, work with the Department of Health and Home Affairs to develop a system that is linked to birth registration improve take-rates for older children examine the implementation process of the CSG and learn the lessons from its successful implementation

19 Early Childhood Development

20 Increase in coverage over period, off a low base Increase in subsidy rate Increase in number of children who access ECD centres However current model has limitations

21 Attendance at ECD service of children under six years by monthly household expenditure, 2011 (%)

22 Policy and programme issues policy reform required to reconfigure the delivery model, the current model focuses on older children 3-5 years; develop options for interventions in the early years; develop a human resource strategy; additional resources are required.

23 Conclusion Significant progress, challenges remain Institutional level Improved intersectoral collaboration across programmes; Improved integrated service provision; Improved collaboration across spheres of government; Improved collaboration with civil society; A research strategy that focuses on children across sectors;

24 Programme level Child Support Grant a system whereby children are registered at birth automatically qualify for CSG receipt; Take-up rates for older children must be improved; Early Childhood Development a suite of interventions must be developed to increase coverage, in particular for young children 0-3 years, with a focus on children in rural areas and those who live in informal settlements in urban areas; the funding envelope must be increased over time; a human resource strategy must be developed;


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