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Comets, Meteors, and Asteroids Oh My!!

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Presentation on theme: "Comets, Meteors, and Asteroids Oh My!!"— Presentation transcript:

1 Comets, Meteors, and Asteroids Oh My!!
Terms: Comet Coma Nucleus Tail Meteor Meteoroid Meteorite Asteroid

2 Describe the characteristics of comets,
S6E1.f Describe the characteristics of comets, asteroids, and meteors

3 In the distant parts of our solar system, comets are dust covered balls made of ice and rock
These dust covered balls of ice and rock are called a nucleus Something disturbs the comets and sends them streaking toward the sun!

4 As the nucleus passes the orbit of Jupiter, it begins to heat up.
Some of the ice inside the nucleus turns to glowing gas The gasses spread out from the nucleus to form an atmosphere around the nucleus called a coma Together, the coma and the nucleus form the head of the comet

5 As the comet approaches the sun, energy from the sun blows parts of the coma away from the nucleus….. <Show Them> These parts stream away from the head of the comet to form a shimmering tail A comets tail ALWAYS points away from the sun

6 Nucleus Tail Coma Head

7 Some comets plunge into the sun, and others orbit around the sun one or more times
The most famous returning comet is Halley’s Comet, which comes back approximately every 76 years Can you see where the nucleus, coma, and tail are? Judging from this picture, where is the sun?

8 Asteroids Asteroids are chunks of rock and metal, much smaller than Earth’s moon

9 Asteroids orbit the sun like planets
Most asteroids are found in a belt between the orbit of Mars and Jupiter The largest known asteroid is Ceres (940 km in diameter) Most asteroids are less than 1 km in diameter

10 Meteoroids, Meteors, and Meteorites
Between 1,000 and 10,000 tons of space rock fall to Earth each day…… when it is in space these rocks are called meteoroids Meteoroids are made of rocky materials, and metal

11 When a meteoroid plunges into Earth’s atmosphere it is known as a meteor
In Earth’s atmosphere, the meteor can get so hot that some or all of it burns up. The burning meteor appears as a streak of light …… A Shooting Star

12 When a meteoroid hits Earth’s surface it is known as a meteorite
If a meteor does not completely burn up in our atmosphere, it will hit Earth’s surface. When a meteoroid hits Earth’s surface it is known as a meteorite Worlds largest meteorite Hoba, found in Namibia

13 Draw the sequence that a meteoroid goes

14 Quick Check In which direction does a comets tail always face?
In the direction of the sun Away from the sun Perpendicular to the sun All different directions

15 Quick Check What is a comets coma?
The stony and icy center of the head A chunk of iron A stream of gas at its back The atmosphere around its nucleus

16 Quick Check Where are most asteroids found? All over our solar system
In orbit between Mars and Jupiter Near Earth Outside of the solar system

17 Quick Check What is the sequence that describes a space rock that falls to Earth’s surface? meteoroid, meteor, meteorite Meteor, meteoroid, meteorite Meteorite, meteor, meteoroid Meteor, meteorite, meteoroid

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