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Presentation to Grand Rapids Chamber of Commerce By Holland City Manager Soren Wolff April 19, 2007.

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1 Presentation to Grand Rapids Chamber of Commerce By Holland City Manager Soren Wolff April 19, 2007

2 Local government in Michigan is organized into small boxes. With 83 counties, 534 municipalities and 1,242 townships (1992), Michigan has 1,859 units of local general government - one for every 5,100 residents. Among states, Michigan ranks 7th in number of local general governments and 8th in number of independent school districts with 587.

3 David Rusk, Urban Policy Consultant Former Mayor of Albuquerque, NM Many proponents argue that governmental consolidation would yield greater governmental efficiency by reducing unnecessary duplication of services and achieving economies of scale.Many proponents argue that governmental consolidation would yield greater governmental efficiency by reducing unnecessary duplication of services and achieving economies of scale. Critics of consolidation counter that greater bureaucracy, strong public employee unions, etc. may make larger governments more, not less, inefficient and costly.Critics of consolidation counter that greater bureaucracy, strong public employee unions, etc. may make larger governments more, not less, inefficient and costly.

4 Moving beyond debates over governmental efficiency, it is clear that regions which are organized governmentally as small box societies are more segregated by race and income class than regions which are organized as big box societies. In effect, different segments of a regional society distribute themselves among the boxes, which, in turn (particularly because public education is organized by local community) tend to reinforce disparities by race and income class.

5 The effects of fragmentation of governance are striking in Michigan society. Throughout its 11 metropolitan areas, Michigan has the most racially segregated neighborhoods and schools of all 50 states.

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7 City of Holland Population Estimates /1/200035,048 7/1/200035,055 7/1/200135,030 7/1/200234,722 7/1/200334,749 7/1/200434,606 Source: U.S. Census Bureau

8 Population: Actual & Estimates Year Holland City % Change MACC w/o Holland City % Change ,855 30, ,946 48, ,048 35, % 68,225 68, % ,255 36,2553.4% 76,644 76, % ,368 38,3685.8% 84,257 84,2579.9% Source: ESRI (January 20, 2006) Note: The MACC figures do not include Holland City, Olive Township & Port Sheldon Township & 2000 figures are actual and 2010 figures are estimates.

9 Estimated % Population Changes Holland City-0.07%-0.88%0.08%-0.41% Ottawa County2.20%1.19%1.26%1.12% Michigan0.67%0.37%0.40%0.31% U.S.A.1.31%1.01%0.99%0.97% Source: U.S. Census Bureau

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11 Minority Population 2000 (%) 1990 (%) 1980(%) Holland City Zeeland City Park Twn Holland Twn Zeeland Twn Fillmore Twn Laketown Twp Hispanic Origin – 2000 U.S. 12.5%; Michigan 3.3%; Ottawa Co. 7%; Holland City 22.2%

12 % Population by Race / Ethnicity in Holland City Category White Only 78.2%75.1%72.0% Black Only 2.5%2.5%2.5% American Indian Only 0.6%0.6%0.5% Asian/Pacific Islander Only 3.6%4.6%5.9% Other Race Only 12.4%14.2%15.9% Two or More Races 2.7%3.0%3.2% Hispanic Origin 22.2%25.2%28.0% Source: ESRI (January 20, 2006) Note: 2000 figures are actual census counts, 2005 & 2010 figures are estimates.

13 % Population by Race / Ethnicity in MACC including City, but excluding Olive & Port Sheldon Townships Category White Only 84.4%82.2%79.6% Black Only 1.7%1.7%1.7% American Indian Only 0.4%0.4%0.3% Asian/Pacific Islander Only 4.1%5.3%6.8% Other Race Only 7.2%8.1%9.0% Two or More Races 2.2%2.4%2.6% Hispanic Origin 13.9%15.6%17.4% Source: ESRI (January 20, 2006) Note: 2000 figures are actual census counts & 2010 figures are estimates.

14 Senior Population (Age 65 +) 1900(%)2000(%) Holland City Zeeland City Park Township Holland Township Zeeland Township Fillmore Township Laketown Township U.S Michigan Ottawa County Allegan County

15 % Population by Age Age Holland City <2443%44%43%43% %27%27%25% %16%18%19% 65+14%14%13%12% Source: ESRI (January 20, 2006) Note: 1999 & 2000 figures are actual census counts & 2010 figures are estimates.

16 % Population by Age Age MACC w/o Holland City, Olive Township, & Port Sheldon Township <2439%39%38%37% %32%30%29% %20%22%24% 65+9%9%9%9% Source: ESRI (January 20, 2006) Note: 1999 & 2000 figures are actual census counts & 2010 figures are estimates.

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18 Median Family Income Holland City $37,122$50,316 Zeeland City 37,61453,227 Park Twn 50,07472,647 Holland Twn 37,49054,027 Zeeland Twn 35,98257,423 Fillmore Twn 37,30061,333 Laketown Twn 42,13469,440 U.S.35,22550,046 Michigan36,65253,457 Ottawa Co. 40,37759,896 Median Household Income is different and usually lower.

19 Median Household Income YearHolland CityMACC 2000 $ 42,804 $ 42,804 $ 49,956 $ 49, $ 47,225 $ 47,225 $ 54,933 $ 54, $ 57,497 $ 57,497 $ 60,251 $ 60, is an actual U.S. Census figure and 2010 are estimates provided by ESRI (January 20, 2006).

20 Poverty Status 1990 (%) Persons 2000 (%) Persons Holland City Zeeland City Park Twn Holland Twn Zeeland Twn Fillmore Twn Laketown Twn U.S Michigan Ottawa Co Allegan Co

21 Per Capita Personal Income Year Holland Grand Haven MPSA MichiganU.S.A $ 27,881 $ 27,881 $ 29,552 $ 29,552 $ 29,845 $ 29, $ 27,831 $ 27,831 $ 30,225 $ 30,225 $ 30,814 $ 30, $ 30,203 $ 30,203 $ 32,052 $ 32,052 $ 33,041 $ 33,041 Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis

22 Households by Income Actual 2000Estimated 2005Projected 2010 Holland CityMACCHolland CityMACCHolland CityMACC < $15, %8.4%10.2%7.1%9.2%6.3% $15,000-24, %10.3%10.7%9.1%9.2%7.7% $25,000-34, %12.3%12.7%10.5%11.3%9.1% $35,000-49, %19.0%19.8%17.3%18.2%16.1% $50,000-74, %24.7%23.1%24.5%23.8%23.7% $75,000-99, %13.6%11.4%14.8%11.1%13.5% $100, ,9995.4%7.7%7.9%11.5%11.4%15.8% $150, ,9991.4%2.0%1.9%2.4%2.4%3.6% $200, %2.0%2.3%2.8%3.4%4.2% Average Household Income: $53,236 $53,236 $60,883 $60,883 $59,716 $59,716 $68,519 $68,519 $67,652 $67,652 $78,199 $78,199 Source: ESRI (January 20, 2006) Note: The MACC figures include the City of Holland, but do not include Port Sheldon nor Olive Townships.

23 2000

24 2005

25 School Enrollment Data Fall 2000Fall 2005 # of Students # of Minority % Minority # of Students # of Minority % Minority Holland 5,488 5,488 2,410 2, % 4,896 4,896 2,507 2, % Holland Christian 2,400 2, % 2,271 2, % West Ottawa 7,451 7,451 2,137 2, % 8,090 8,090 3,560 3, % Zeeland 4,682 4, %5, % Hamilton2, % 2,585 2, % Charter Schools 1,161 1, %1, %

26 School Total # of Students Total # of Minorities % of Minorities Total # of Free/ Reduced Lunch Prgm. % Free/ Reduced Lunch Prgm. Holland4,8962, , Holland Christian 2, West Ottawa 8,0903,560442,67033 Zeeland5, Hamilton2, Charter Schools 1, School Enrollment Data (Fall 2005)

27 Education Status Less Than High School – Bachelor Degree 1990 (%) 2000 (%) Holland City 26.4 / / 17.9 Zeeland City 27.3 / / 15.3 Park Township 11.9 / / 24.7 Holland Township 25.4 / / 16.9 Zeeland Township 22.8 / / 12.8 Fillmore Township 31.0 / / 10.8 Laketown Township 15.4 / / 21.2 U.S / / 15.5 Michigan 23.2 / / 13.7 Ottawa County 20.2 / / 18.0 Allegan County 25.6 / / 10.8

28 There is growing evidence that regional societies characterized by sharp and growing disparities between income classes, racial groups, and neighboring jurisdictions are less effective economic competitors as whole regions. Aaron Bernstein Aaron Bernstein August 1995

29 KEY ISSUES Taxing / Revenue Policies Growth Management Utilities Housing Policies

30 Taxing / Revenue Issues

31 TAXING / REVENUE POLICIES PROPERTY TAXES Unit Rate Taxes Collected Holland City $1,170,506, $16,387,089 Zeeland City 390,063, ,441,031 Park Twn 830,599, ,287,181 Holland Twn 1,252,988, ,893,827 Zeeland Twn 319,604, ,596,274 Fillmore Twn 97,283, ,663 Laketown Twn 299,452, ,164,031 Total$4,360,498,200 Average ,334,

32 Tax Rates TAX BILL ($100,000 TAXABLE VALUE) City of Holland $ $1,000 of Value Laketown Township $ $1,000 of Value $1,400,00$ Tax Sharing Rate $833.26

33 COUNTY TAXES 2006 RATE Unit Ottawa Taxes Allegan Taxes Holland City Zeeland City Holland Township Zeeland Township Park Township Laketown Township Fillmore Township

34 1/19/ School Taxes We all basically pay the same except for Special Voted Millages

35 .In Michigan, there is little likelihood of a significant number of local towns, villages, and cities joining together in a voluntary compact regarding regional growth management unless they simultaneously adopt a significant regional revenue-sharing program as well. The problem is one of incentives. In a small box system of governance almost every little village and town will regard the next proposed shopping center or subdivision as beneficial to them David Rusk, Urban Policy Consultant Former Mayor of Albuquerque, NM

36 TAX BASE HISTORY PRE-PROPOSAL A Year Tax Base % Change 1988$425,050, ,870, ,517, ,948, ,594, ,588, ,960, ,212,

37 TAX RATE HISTORY PRE-PROPOSAL A Year Rate% Change

38 TAX BASE HISTORY POST-PROPOSAL A Fiscal Year Tax Base % Change 1996$724,381, ,422, ,987, ,602, ,750, ,299, ,018,732, ,054,075, ,087,694, ,118,330, ,133,368, ,170,506,

39 TAX RATE HISTORY POST-PROPOSAL A YearRate% Change

40 STATE OF MICHIGAN ASSESSMENT CAP 1995 (FY96) 2.6% 1996 (FY97) 2.8% 1997 (FY98) 2.8% 1998 (FY99) 2.7% 1999 (FY00) 1.6% 2000 (FY01) 1.9% 2001 (FY02) 3.2% 2002 (FY03) 3.2% 2003 (FY04) 1.5% 2004 (FY05) 2.3% 2005 (FY06) 2.3% 2006 (FY07) 3.3% 2007 (FY08) 3.7%

41 STATE EQUALIZED VALUE (SEV) VS. TAXABLE VALUE TAX YEAR 2006 SEV$1,320,199,150 Taxable$1,170,506,383 Difference$149,692,767 %11.34%

42 SCHOOL FOUNDATION ALLOWANCE PER STUDENT School YearAllowance per Student% Change 2006/2007$7, % 2005/20067, % 2004/20056, % 2003/20046, /20036, % 2001/20026, % 2000/20016, % 1999/20006, % 1998/19996, % 1997/19985, % 1996/19975, % 1995/19965, Averages to 2.7% increase over the 10 years

43 STATE SALES TAX State Sales Tax City of Holland State Revenue Sharing 2001 $4.000 M % M % % M % % M % % M % 2006? M -.65% 2007? -.50%

44 Growth Issues

45 GROWTH MANAGEMENT Urban sprawl and decline of core communities are intertwined. In general, the faster the rate of sprawl, the faster the abandonment of central cities and older suburbs The State of Michigan has not enacted a statewide comprehensive Land Use Law (Washington/Oregon) In Michigan, each local government exercises sovereign planning and zoning powers (1,859 units)

46 Michigan has 10 types of local governments: Counties Home Rule Counties Townships Charter Townships Villages Home Rule Villages Special Charter Cities 4 th Class Cities 5 th Class Cities Home Rule Cities GROWTH MANAGEMENT

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51 PRINCIPLES OF SMART GROWTH Mix land uses Take advantage of compact building design Create housing opportunities and choices for a range of household types, family sizes, and incomes Create walkable neighborhoods Foster distinctive, attractive communities with a strong sense of place

52 PRINCIPLES OF SMART GROWTH Preserve open space, farmland, natural beauty, historic buildings and critical environmental areas Reinvest in and strengthen existing communities and achieve more balanced regional development Provide a variety of transportation choices Make development decisions predictable, fair and cost-effective Encourage citizen and stakeholder participation in development decisions

53 UTILITY ISSUES

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56 Housing Issues

57 Housing Policies Basic Components of Comprehensive Housing Policy Encourage the availability of affordable housing for all economic segments of population Promote variety of residential densities and housing types Stimulate mixed-use and mixed-income developments to integrate neighborhoods Encourage preservation of existing housing stock Housing policies must be developed on an area-wide basis

58 Housing Policies City of Hollands Housing Advisory Committee also has non-City residents as members City of Holland has adopted a Housing Goals and Policies Plan (May of 1995) No other governmental unit in the MACC has a Housing Committee or Goals and Policies Plan The MACC has the potential to play this role - Problem: no area land use or zoning regulatory agency

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60 Median Home Value Holland City $67,756 $67,756 $104,805 $104,805 $133,409 $133,409 $169,387 $169,387 MACC (w/o Olive & Port Sheldon Townships) $74,316 $74,316 $123,909 $123,909 $157,057 $157,057 $197,219 $197,219 Source: ESRI (January 20, 2006) 1990 and 2000 figures are actual and 2010 figures are estimates.

61 HOUSING DATA LOCATION2000 HOUSING VACANCY RATE 1990 MEDIAN VALUE $ 2000 Holland City 4.568,200107,900 Zeeland City 4.467,700116,900 Park Twn ,600162,200 Holland Twn 5.474,800127,700 Zeeland Twn 3.178,900151,800 Fillmore Twp 4.170,000127,200 Laketown Twn ,600158,800 U.S.9.079,100119,600 MI10.660,600115,600 Ottawa6.074,600133,000 Allegan11.859,300115,500 Owner-Occupied Units Only

62 HOUSING DATA – RENTAL UNITS LOCATION1990 RENTAL %2000 RENTAL % Holland City Zeeland City Park Twn Holland Twn Zeeland Twn Fillmore Twp Laketown Twn U.S MI Ottawa Allegan Owner-Occupied Units Only

63 Housing Units by Percentages Holland City Owner-occupied63.7%64.1%65.8%66.9% Renter-occupied30.3%31.4%30.3%29.3% Vacant6.0%4.5%3.9%3.8% MACC Owner-occupied71.3%71.5%73.6%74.6% Renter-occupied21.4%22.1%21.0%20.1% Vacant7.3%6.4%5.4%5.2% Source: ESRI (January 20, 2006) 1990 and 2000 figures are actual and 2010 figures are estimates. Note: MACC figures do not include Olive and Port Sheldon Townships.

64 Number of Housing Units Holland City 11,305 11,30512,533(+11%) 13,012 13,012(+4%)13,901(+7%) MACC (w/o Olive & Port Sheldon Townships) 29,485 29,48538,187(+30%) 41,858 41,858(+10%)45,812(+9%) Source: ESRI (January 20, and 2000 figures are actual and 2010 figures are estimates.

65 Housing Units Analysis Homes for Sale% of Owner Occupied HOLLAND 2005 February November June November HOLLAND TWN 2005 February 2005 November June November ZEELAND 2005 February 2005 November June November

66 Housing Units Analysis Homes for Sale% of Owner Occupied ZEELAND TWN 2005 February 2005 November June November PARK TWN 2005 February 2005 November June November

67 Housing Units Analysis Homes for Sale% of Owner Occupied LAKEWTOWN TWN 2005 February 2005 November June November FILLMORE TWN 2005 February 2005 November June November

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74 2000

75 2006

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79 West Michigan Strategic Alliance Project Kickoff: January 8, 2001

80 10 ESSENTIAL ACTIVITIES COMMITTEES EnvironmentEnvironment TransportationTransportation InfrastructureInfrastructure Economic DevelopmentEconomic Development Land Use/Urbanization/DemographicsLand Use/Urbanization/Demographics Education ResearchEducation Research Health and Human ServicesHealth and Human Services Tourism/ConventionsTourism/Conventions Cultural/ArtsCultural/Arts GovernanceGovernance

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85 Annual Average Unemployment Rates (% of Labor Force 16+) Year Holland City Holland-Grand Haven MPSA MichiganU.S.A %2.4%3.8%4.2% %4.1%5.3%4.7% %5.9%7.3%6.0% 2005*7.0%5.2%6.9%5.1% * * 2005 figures are an 11-month average. SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor

86 Annual Average Employment Rates (% of Labor Force 16+) Year Holland City Holland-Grand Haven MPSA MichiganU.S.A %97.6%96.2%95.8% %95.9%94.7%95.3% %94.1%92.7%94.0% 2005*93.0%94.8%93.1%94.9% * 2005 figures are an 11-month average. SOURCE: U.S. Bureau of Labor

87 Estimated 2005 Employed Population 16+ by Industry Holland CityMACC Agriculture/Mining0.8%1.1% Construction4.3%4.8% Manufacturing27.5%30.0% Wholesale Trade3.3%3.9% Retail Trade11.5%11.2% Transportation/Utilities2.4%3.2% Information1.8%1.1% Finance/Insurance/Real Estate3.8%4.7% Services42.2%38.0% Public Administration2.4%2.0% Source: ESRI (January 20, 2006) Note: The MACC figures include the City of Holland, but do not include Port Sheldon nor Olive Townships.

88 Estimated 2005 Employed Population 16+ by Occupation Holland City MACC White Collar 55.3%56.5% Management/Business/Financial Management/Business/Financial10.2%12.8% Professional Professional21.9%21.2% Sales Sales10.7%10.2% Administrative Support Administrative Support12.6%12.3% Services15.8%13.9% Blue Collar 28.8%29.6% Farming/Forestry/Fishing Farming/Forestry/Fishing0.4%0.6% Construction/Extraction Construction/Extraction3.9%3.8% Installation/Maintenance/Repair Installation/Maintenance/Repair1.7%3.5% Production Production16.7%15.6% Transportation/Material Moving Transportation/Material Moving6.1%6.1% Source: ESRI (January 20, 2006) Note: The MACC figures include the City of Holland, but do not include Port Sheldon nor Olive Townships.

89 City of Holland Employment 30.0% Minority 24.7% Minorities - 18 yrs or older Youth/Education Less than 18 yrs old 55% White 45% Minorities (2000 Census Data)

90 Advancing Our Regional Economy - Holland Zeeland Saugatuck 1/19/ Economic Analysis Source: Michigan DLEG Labor Market Information, Current Employment Statistics Holland-Grand Haven MSA

91 Advancing Our Regional Economy - Holland Zeeland Saugatuck 1/19/ Economic Analysis Per Capita Income

92 There is growing evidence that regional societies characterized by sharp and growing disparities between income classes, racial groups, and neighboring jurisdictions are less effective economic competitors as whole regions Aaron Bernstein August 1995

93 West Michigan Strategic Alliance Project Priorities for Regional Collaboration

94 Create a Regional Mindset Foster a Prosperous Economy Strengthen Community Through Diversity Ensure A Sustainable Environment Revitalize Our Urban Centers Develop a Tri-Plex Growth Strategy

95 West Michigan Strategic Alliance Project Revitalize Our Urban Centers

96 They provide their greater communities with common unifying identity They serve as gathering places They serve as central locations for sharing the cost of common facilities and services

97 West Michigan Strategic Alliance Project Cities and Urban Centers Facing a Common Crises

98 Economic, demographic and lifestyle trends beyond their control Diminishing tax base Aging Infrastructure Unevenly resourced central City school systems struggle with issues beyond the walls of classroom Cont…

99 Business and higher-income families are moving out leaving low-income families behind Low-income families lack resources for education, housing, transportation, and health care needs There are no quick fixes Revitalization can only be achieved with a comprehensive approach that includes support from the larger Tri-Plex community

100 A New Agenda for a New Michigan By Michigan Future, Inc. June 2006

101 Changing Global Economy from Industrial to Knowledge Driven Entrepreneurial Economy

102 Goal: Per Capita Income Above National Average Michigan + 70 Years Achieved That! High Paying JobsHigh Paying Jobs Knowledge Based IndustriesKnowledge Based Industries InformationInformation Financial ServicesFinancial Services InsuranceInsurance Professional & Technical ServicesProfessional & Technical Services Management of CompaniesManagement of Companies

103 Michigans Past - Today FactoriesFactories FarmingFarming TourismTourism Being Done Elsewhere or at Lower - Wage IndustriesBeing Done Elsewhere or at Lower - Wage Industries Uncompetitive Auto Industry Uncompetitive Auto Industry

104 Economies Must Be Regional with Concentration of Talent KnowledgeKnowledge CreativityCreativity EntrepreneurshipEntrepreneurship How?How? Create / Develop a CultureCreate / Develop a Culture Key Investments Aimed to Prepare, Retain and Attract TalentKey Investments Aimed to Prepare, Retain and Attract Talent

105 Past Decade Michigan Centered Economic Development on Cutting Taxes Most Successful Regions Around United States are Not Characterized by Low Taxes

106 Strategy Priority 1Priority 1 Build a Culture Aligned with Flat WorldBuild a Culture Aligned with Flat World LearningLearning Entrepreneurial SpiritEntrepreneurial Spirit Being Welcome to AllBeing Welcome to All

107 Strategy Priority 2Priority 2 Invest in Higher EducationInvest in Higher Education Institutional independence at public universitiesInstitutional independence at public universities Fund students rather than institutionsFund students rather than institutions Provide state match for Federal Research fundingProvide state match for Federal Research funding

108 Strategy Priority 3Priority 3 Building Regions that are Attractive Places to LiveBuilding Regions that are Attractive Places to Live Create Vibrant Central Cities and NeighborhoodsCreate Vibrant Central Cities and Neighborhoods Provide High Quality InfrastructureProvide High Quality Infrastructure Connection to InternetConnection to Internet AirportsAirports Green Open SpaceGreen Open Space

109 Strategy Priority 4Priority 4 Attract Export – Based Business InvestmentAttract Export – Based Business Investment Business taxes easily understoodBusiness taxes easily understood Minimize regulationsMinimize regulations Stay away from government deciding industries to invest inStay away from government deciding industries to invest in

110 Strategy Priority 5Priority 5 Align K – 12Align K – 12 Education with a Knowledge – Driven EconomyEducation with a Knowledge – Driven Economy Love of LearningLove of Learning Academic and Soft Skills Needed in Flat WorldAcademic and Soft Skills Needed in Flat World

111 Strategy Priority 6Priority 6 New LEADERSHIPNew LEADERSHIP Strong Regional – MetropolitanStrong Regional – Metropolitan CivicCivic Business – National & International CompetingBusiness – National & International Competing PoliticalPolitical

112 Leadership Discussion About How to Do Well in the Economy of the FutureAbout How to Do Well in the Economy of the Future Not How to Save the PastNot How to Save the Past Must Not Be Who to Blame for the Decline of Old EconomyMust Not Be Who to Blame for the Decline of Old Economy

113 A New Model Michigan Eight Ideas to Structurally Change How Michigan Does the Publics Business in These Difficult Economic Times The Center for Michigan January 2007

114 Structural Changes in Spending Reduce spending on Corrections.Reduce spending on Corrections. Develop a Michigan Scorecard of performance metrics to help govern allocation of state revenues to schools and local government.Develop a Michigan Scorecard of performance metrics to help govern allocation of state revenues to schools and local government. Require intensified consolidation and service sharing in schools and local government.Require intensified consolidation and service sharing in schools and local government. Critically examine public sector pay, benefits, and staffing levels and adjust accordingly based on statewide and national benchmarking.Critically examine public sector pay, benefits, and staffing levels and adjust accordingly based on statewide and national benchmarking.

115 There are 83 counties, 1242 townships, 274 cities of less than 10,000, 259 villages, 553 local school districts, 230 charter schools, and 57 intermediate school districts all looking to continue to be fed by state revenues. Give us a Break! By a Longtime Public Schools Official

116 Structural Changes in Taxation Extend sales tax to services if justified for specific purposesExtend sales tax to services if justified for specific purposes Graduate the state income tax.Graduate the state income tax. Broaden the base and lower the rate of state business taxes.Broaden the base and lower the rate of state business taxes. Consider tax increases on beer and soft drinks.Consider tax increases on beer and soft drinks.

117 Michigans Defining Moment: Michigans Defining Moment: Report of the Emergency Financial Advisory Panel February 2, 2007 Prepared for The Office of the Governor

118 Needs fundamental reform of both spending and taxes; Must create a modern tax structure that abandons the focus on the economic system of the 20 th century and looks to the developing economy of the new century; Must end the disinvestment in education and those other assets that define the quality of life that knowledge-based workers seekcultural offerings, natural resources, and vibrant cities; and Must develop a fiscal plan that includes a combination of revenue increases, spending cuts, and reform of how public services are delivered.

119 HIGH QUALITY OF LIFE GOOD GOVERNMENT EXCELLENT EDUCATION SYSTEM STRONG ECONOMIC COMMUNITY QUALITY WORK FORCE QUALITY INFRASTRUCTURE QUALITY MEDICAL SYSTEM

120 Urban Growth, Sustainability & Revitalization in the Holland Area Can We Manage It?...

121 Yes…

122 But Will We?

123 COLLABORATION

124 West Michigan Airport AuthorityWest Michigan Airport Authority MAX Transit AuthorityMAX Transit Authority Macatawa Area Coordinating Council (MACC) MPOMacatawa Area Coordinating Council (MACC) MPO West Michigan Strategic Alliance and Planning InitiativeWest Michigan Strategic Alliance and Planning Initiative Macatawa Greenway ProjectMacatawa Greenway Project Macatawa Area Coordinating Council Watershed ProjectMacatawa Area Coordinating Council Watershed Project

125 Dredge Disposal ProjectDredge Disposal Project Herrick District LibraryHerrick District Library Wastewater Agreement (All MACC members except Zeeland)Wastewater Agreement (All MACC members except Zeeland) Weed and Seed Initiative (US Department of Justice)Weed and Seed Initiative (US Department of Justice) Area-wide representation and financing Holland Aquatic CenterArea-wide representation and financing Holland Aquatic Center

126 Numerous Boundary Sanitary Sewer / Water Main and Street ProjectsNumerous Boundary Sanitary Sewer / Water Main and Street Projects US-31 Bypass Regional ProposalUS-31 Bypass Regional Proposal Water Agreements with Park, Holland, Laketown Townships and the City of ZeelandWater Agreements with Park, Holland, Laketown Townships and the City of Zeeland Electric Franchise Agreements with Laketown, Fillmore, Holland and Park TownshipsElectric Franchise Agreements with Laketown, Fillmore, Holland and Park Townships Joint Efforts Toward the Holland Historical Trust (Museum) Capital CampaignJoint Efforts Toward the Holland Historical Trust (Museum) Capital Campaign

127 No Wake ZonesNo Wake Zones Sesquicentennial CelebrationSesquicentennial Celebration 425 Agreement with Fillmore Township425 Agreement with Fillmore Township Urban Cooperation Agreements with Fillmore TownshipUrban Cooperation Agreements with Fillmore Township Mutual Aid Fire Agreements with all Neighboring Units of GovernmentMutual Aid Fire Agreements with all Neighboring Units of Government Waverly / 120 th Avenue Bridge ProjectWaverly / 120 th Avenue Bridge Project

128 Celebration 2000 New Years Eve EventCelebration 2000 New Years Eve Event Common Area-wide Representation on Board of Holland HospitalCommon Area-wide Representation on Board of Holland Hospital Common Area-wide Representation on Tulip Time BoardCommon Area-wide Representation on Tulip Time Board Technology / Computer Services with Holland TownshipTechnology / Computer Services with Holland Township Cable Access TV Interconnect AgreementCable Access TV Interconnect Agreement Ottawa and Allegan County / Police Mutual Aid AgreementsOttawa and Allegan County / Police Mutual Aid Agreements

129 Joint 911 Central DispatchJoint 911 Central Dispatch Many Ottawa / Allegan and City Joint Traffic Enforcement GrantsMany Ottawa / Allegan and City Joint Traffic Enforcement Grants Joint Fire Station Construction Project (Holland City and Park Township)Joint Fire Station Construction Project (Holland City and Park Township) City Police / County Court Property Exchange and Neighboring Facility Construction ProjectCity Police / County Court Property Exchange and Neighboring Facility Construction Project 4 th of July Fireworks4 th of July Fireworks West Michigan Drug Enforcement Team (WEMET)West Michigan Drug Enforcement Team (WEMET)

130 Michigans West Coast Travel and Tourism InitiativeMichigans West Coast Travel and Tourism Initiative Westrain Initiative (Amtrak Service)Westrain Initiative (Amtrak Service) Joint River Avenue Bridge AgreementJoint River Avenue Bridge Agreement Partner in the Creation of Lakeshore Advantage Economic Development InitiativePartner in the Creation of Lakeshore Advantage Economic Development Initiative Partner in West Michigan Works Celebrating Local WorkforcePartner in West Michigan Works Celebrating Local Workforce

131 Holland Charter Township Park Township Zeeland Charter Township City of HollandCity of Zeeland Laketown Township Fillmore Township Ottawa Co. Central Dispatch Authority West Michigan Airport Authority MAX Transit Authority Herrick District Library Holland Community Aquatic Center Authority

132 2005

133 Thank you! Q & A


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