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Roles played by Significant Individuals during the American Revolution.

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Presentation on theme: "Roles played by Significant Individuals during the American Revolution."— Presentation transcript:

1 Roles played by Significant Individuals during the American Revolution

2 Wife of John Adams, served as his confidant and support while he served in the Continental Congress. When John and others were considering a declaration of independence, Abigail reminded him to take care of the women, who would not hold themselves bound by laws in which they had no voice (“Remember the ladies… be more generous than your ancestors”).

3 Lawyer and politician; defended British soldiers after the Boston Massacre; a member of the Continental Congress (representing Massachusetts); strong supporter of independence

4 Played a role in many of the events which contributed to the Revolution including organized opposition to the Stamp Act, protests waged by the Sons of Liberty (Boston Tea Party), and the Boston Massacre; member of the First Continental Congress

5 African American Patriot; like Paul Revere he made an all-night ride back from Boston to warn his community of the impending British invasion; served in the army and fought at the Battle of Saratoga

6 American Patriot; anonymously wrote several propaganda pieces supporting independence; her plays, poems and essays convinced many in Massachusetts to join the patriot cause

7 Slave in Virginia; Marquis de Lafayette recruited him as a spy for the Continental Army. Posing as a double agent, forager and servant at British headquarters, he moved freely between the lines with vital information on British troop movements for Lafayette; contributed to the American victory at Yorktown

8 Delegate to both Continental Congresses and a member of the committee which wrote the Declaration of Independence, but spent most of the period of the American Revolution in France. He represented the colonies as the American envoy starting in 1776 and remained until He negotiated the alliance with France and then the Treaty of Paris which ended the war.

9 Spanish nobleman who became governor of the province of Louisiana (January, 1777), protected American ships in the port of New Orleans and helped transport war supplies to the US, and took up arms and fought to protect Louisiana. Galveston, TX named for him.

10 A black man; became the first casualty of the American Revolution when he was shot and killed in what became known as the Boston Massacre

11 Feared that the loss of one group of colonies would lead to the loss of others and the eventual decline of the empire. To prevent this, the Crown maintained an aggressive policy against colonial resistance. During his reign as King, he struggled to enforce royal authority throughout the colonies and lost the American Revolution.

12 A Polish-born Jewish immigrant to America who played an important role in financing the Revolution; arrested by the British as a spy; used by the British as an interpreter with their German troops; helped British prisoners escape and encouraged German soldiers to desert the British army; became a broker to the French consul and paymaster to French troops in America

13 A member of the Virginia House of Burgesses; spoke against the Stamp Act; famous quote “Give me liberty or give me death;” during the Revolution he served in the Continental Army and later fought against ratification of the Constitution.

14 Early and effective leader in the American Revolution. He was a delegate to the Continental Congress in Philadelphia and in 1776 he was a member of the committee which wrote the Declaration of Independence; chief writer of Declaration of Independence, which was approved by the delegates.

15 A French aristocrat who played a leading role in two revolutions in France and in the American Revolution. He respected the concepts of liberty and freedom and constitutional government. Between 1776 and 1779 he fought in the American Revolution, commanding forces as a major-general in the colonial army; became a close friend of George Washington. Important because France joined the Colonists against the British.

16 Propagandist and journalist; wrote pamphlet “Common Sense” persuading Americans to join the Patriot cause and the “The Crisis” to encourage Continental Soldiers to continue to fight! “These are the times that try men’s souls”.

17 A resident of Virginia, he was a surveyor, a planter, a soldier in the French and Indian War, a delegate to the First and Second Continental Congresses, commander-in- chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolution, and the chairman of the Constitutional Convention in 1787.

18 Considered the Father of the US Navy, he defeated the British warship Serapis with his ship Bonhomme Richard. His famous words during the battle were “I have not yet begun to fight!”

19 Personal assistant to George Washington during the American Revolution, then a delegate to the Constitutional Convention. One of the authors of the Federalist Papers calling for ratification of the Constitution. Founder of the Federalist Party.

20 British attorney and philosopher that taught that man is created by God and granted fundamental rights by God; his work influenced Founding Fathers like James Madison and Thomas Jefferson.

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22 Was a soldier for the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War. He volunteered for an intelligence-gathering mission in New York City but was captured by the British and hanged. He is probably best remembered for his purported last words before being hanged: "I only regret that I have but one life to give for my country." Hale has long been considered an American hero.

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