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Center of Mass
Consider motion of object as if all mass located at C of G.
Center of Gravity – Average position of weight Average position of mass Center of Mass –
C of M does not have to be on the object.
Locating Center of Gravity
Center of Gravity = Balance Point
m1m1 m2m2 m3m3 m4m4 A Στ A = m 1 gx 1 + m 2 gx 2 + m 3 gx 3 + m 4 gx 4 CM (m 1 +m 2 +m 3 +m 4 ) Στ A = (m 1 + m 2 + m 3 + m 4 )g x CM A
m 1 gx 1 + m 2 gx 2 + m 3 gx 3 + m 4 gx 4 (m 1 + m 2 + m 3 + m 4 )g x CM = m 1 x 1 + m 2 x 2 + m 3 x 3 + m 4 x 4 + … x CM = m 1 + m 2 + m 3 + m 4 + …
Calculating CM 2- dimensions Platform: 6.0 m x 6.0 m 100. kg 500. kg 3 corners CM?
Toppling Object is stable if its CG is above its base of support.
More stability if CG is low and base of support is wide.
Calculating Angle of Stability θ h b θ tan θ = h/bθ = tan -1 (h/b)
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