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The Seeds of Racism in South Africa Why did the Afrikaner National Party create apartheid in 1948? Why did whites support racist ideas?

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Presentation on theme: "The Seeds of Racism in South Africa Why did the Afrikaner National Party create apartheid in 1948? Why did whites support racist ideas?"— Presentation transcript:

1 The Seeds of Racism in South Africa Why did the Afrikaner National Party create apartheid in 1948? Why did whites support racist ideas?

2 Timeline of South Africa Thousands of Years Ago African peoples inhabit the southern part of the African continent

3 Timeline of South Africa Thousands of Years Ago African peoples inhabit the southern part of the African continent

4 Timeline of South Africa Native people include Khoi Khoi, San, Zulu, and Xhosa

5 Timeline of South Africa 1652 The first Europeans – the Dutch – arrive and settle at the Cape of Good Hope. First settlement called the Dutch Cape Colony.

6 Timeline of South Africa 1652 The first Europeans – the Dutch arrive and settle at the Cape of Good Hope. First settlement called the Dutch Cape Colony. Consider themselves Africans or Afrikaners Enslave the Africans Many Dutch were farmers, or Boers

7 VOCABULARY Afrikaner (n.) – Dutch settlers in South Africa (Dutch for African) Afrikaans (n.) – language of the Afrikaners; South African version of Dutch language Boer (n.) – Dutch settlers in South Africa (Dutch for farmer)

8 Timeline of South Africa 1806 The British show up!

9 Timeline of South Africa 1806 The British show up! Take the Cape from the Dutch and enforce British law

10 Timeline of South Africa 1806 The British show up! Take the Cape from the Dutch and enforce British law 1833 British Empire ends slavery around the world (angers Afrikaners)

11 Timeline of South Africa The Great Trek: The Boers move into the interior to get away from British rule and language.

12 Timeline of South Africa The Great Trek Afrikaners clash with native Africans over land in several African wars, such as the Battle of Blood River.

13 Timeline of South Africa Orange Free State: Transvaal: The Great Trek The Afrikaners create two Boer states: Orange Free State & Transvaal

14 Timeline of South Africa 1869 GOLD is found in the interior by the Boers!

15 Timeline of South Africa 1869 GOLD is found in the interior by the Boers! 1870 DIAMONDS are found in the interior by the Boers!

16 Timeline of South Africa GOLD and DIAMONDS are found in the interior by the Boers! British use force to gain control over the area and use cheap black labor.

17 Timeline of South Africa Boer War War between British and Boers. British wanted to unify territories; Boers wanted freedom from British.

18 Timeline of South Africa scorched the Boers earth (farms) put many Boers in concentration camps : Boer War In their effort to win, the British:

19 Timeline of South Africa 1910 South Africa gains its independence from Britain: Union of South Africa

20 Timeline of South Africa 1910 South Africa gains its independence from Britain: Union of South Africa Afrikaners are in control of government Segregation is policy throughout all South Africa

21 Timeline of South Africa 1912 African National Congress (ANC) formed Africans fight back politically

22 Timeline of South Africa 1912 African National Congress (ANC) formed Africans fight back politically Use non-violent methods inspired by Gandhi

23 Timeline of South Africa New segregation policies: All blacks must carry passbooks

24 Timeline of South Africa New segregation policies: All blacks must carry passbooks Native Land Act (1913) prevents native Africans from owning their own land

25 Timeline of South Africa 1948 Afrikaner National Party wins election Dr. Daniel Malan wins by uniting Afrikaners of all classes – theme of white supremacy

26 Timeline of South Africa 1948 Afrikaner National Party wins election Dr. Daniel Malan wins by uniting Afrikaners of all classes – theme of white supremacy APARTHEID becomes the law of the land

27 APARTHEID (n.) legal segregation of the races in South Africa; apartness


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