3And of Clay Are We Created Introducing the Story Isabel Allende’s story is based on a real-life tragedy: a volcanic eruption and mudslides that destroyed whole towns in Colombia in 1985.The main character, Rolf, is a reporter who arrives to cover the disaster for the TV news.The narrator, Rolf’s girlfriend, tells us how Rolf abandons his role as a reporter to help and comfort a trapped girl named Azucena.[End of Section]
4And of Clay Are We Created Literary Focus: Fact Versus Fiction The story you are about to read and the newspaper article that follows are two versions of the same event written in different genres:fiction (story)nonfiction (newspaper)
5And of Clay Are We Created Literary Focus: Fact Versus Fiction Allende creates a realistic and moving story by combing elements ofRescue workers were unable to free thirteen-year-old Omaira Sanchez, who was trapped in the mudflow from the Nevado del Ruiz eruption.fiction—character, setting, and themenonfiction—facts about real events
6And of Clay Are We Created Literary Focus: Fact Versus Fiction As you read the two accounts, think about how they differ and how they are alike.Compare and contrasteventsdetailspeoplestylesettingtone[End of Section]
7And of Clay Are We Created Literary Focus: Theme and Purpose Theme is the central idea or insight about life in a work of literature. Writers use theme toconvey an important messagereveal their purpose for writing
8And of Clay Are We Created Literary Focus: Theme and Purpose To determine the theme of a work, consider howthe main character changesthe conflict is resolvedthe struggles of the main character may reflect a larger, more universal problem or situation[End of Section]
9newspaper editorial about upcoming political election And of Clay Are We Created Reading Skills: Determining an Author’s PurposeThe main purposes of writing areto informto persuadeto entertainAlthough a writer may have several purposes for writing, one purpose usually becomes the focus.newspaper editorial about upcoming political electioninforms readers about the issuesentertains readers with humorpersuades readers to vote for a particular candidate
10And of Clay Are We Created Reading Skills: Determining an Author’s Purpose As you read the story, consider Allende’s purpose for writing a fictional story about a real event.Ask yourselfWHY…WHAT…was this subject important to her?does she want us to think about it?[End of Section]
11And of Clay Are We Created Background On November 13, 1985, the long-dormant Nevado del Ruiz volcano erupted in Colombia, South America. Molten rock and hot gases melted the volcano’s thick ice cap and sent deadly mudslides down its slopes. More than 23,000 died in the disaster—most of them in a village called Armero.[End of Section]
13And of Clay Are We Created Quickwrite Make the ConnectionDo you agree or disagree with the following statements? Explain why, and give an example. Save your notes.People are helpless when a natural disaster hits.Most people would risk their lives to try and save a stranger.[End of Section]
15And of Clay Are We Created Vocabulary Previewing the Vocabularysubterranean adj.: underground.magnitude n.: greatness or size.presentiments n. forebodings; feelings that something bad is about to happen.tenacity n.: stubborn persistence and determination.equanimity n.: calmness; composure.
16And of Clay Are We Created Vocabulary Previewing the Vocabularyfortitude n.: firm courage; strength to endure pain or danger.ingenuity n.: cleverness; originality; skill.resignation n.: passive acceptance; submission.pandemonium n.: wildly noisy, chaotic scene.commiserate v.: show or express sympathy.
17And of Clay Are We Created Vocabulary Vocabulary Activity: Word OriginsA word’s etymology, or origin, may provide clues to its meaning.from Latin sub, “under”+ Latin terra, “earth”subterranean“underground”
18And of Clay Are We Created Vocabulary Vocabulary ActivityMatch each word with its Latin origin.presentimentfortis, “strong”equanimitytenere, “to hold”fortitudesentire, “to feel, sense”tenacityaequus, “even” + animus, “mind”[End of Section]
20And of Clay Are We Created Meet the Writer Isabel Allende grew up in Santiago, Chile. In 1973, her uncle, Salvador Allende, president of Chile, was killed during a military takeover of the government. Allende fled to Venezuela, where she spent thirteen years in exile. She eventually moved to the United States and now lives in California.More About the Writer[End of Section]