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PRINCIPLES OF TRAINING. Specificity Specificity Overload Overload Progression Progression Reversibility Reversibility.

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Presentation on theme: "PRINCIPLES OF TRAINING. Specificity Specificity Overload Overload Progression Progression Reversibility Reversibility."— Presentation transcript:

1 PRINCIPLES OF TRAINING

2 Specificity Specificity Overload Overload Progression Progression Reversibility Reversibility

3 SPECIFICITY The training must be suitable to the particular sport or aspect of fitness. The training must be suitable to the particular sport or aspect of fitness.

4 OVERLOAD Making the body work harder to improve it Making the body work harder to improve it (F.I.T.T.) (F.I.T.T.)

5 PROGRESSION As the body adapts training needs to be more progressive so that greater demands are made on it. As the body adapts training needs to be more progressive so that greater demands are made on it.

6 REVERSIBILITY Loss of improvement when training is decreased or stopped Loss of improvement when training is decreased or stopped

7 REPETITIONS Number of times you repeat an exercise Number of times you repeat an exercise

8 SETS A group of repetitions is called a set A group of repetitions is called a set

9 AEROBIC FITNESS Having a high aerobic fitness level means

10 AEROBIC FITNESS You can exercise for longer without feeling tired You can exercise for longer without feeling tired

11 AEROBIC FITNESS You can use up more oxygen when youre exercising You can use up more oxygen when youre exercising

12 AEROBIC FITNESS ADVANTAGES Your heart rate will be lower when resting and when exercising Your heart rate will be lower when resting and when exercising

13 AEROBIC FITNESS DISADVANTAGES Sprinting speed may be reduced due to reduced efficiency of fast twitch fibres Sprinting speed may be reduced due to reduced efficiency of fast twitch fibres

14 ANAEROBIC FITNESS Advantages provides energy for short explosive activities provides energy for short explosive activities

15 ANAEROBIC FITNESS Disadvantages Production of lactic acid causing pain Production of lactic acid causing pain

16 Weight training Improves muscle strength and tone Advantages Creates muscle overload safely and gradually. Creates muscle overload safely and gradually. Can use free weight or specialist machines to target specific muscles Can use free weight or specialist machines to target specific muscles Individual training programmes can be designed Individual training programmes can be designed Disadvantages Need to work with partner when using free standing weights Increased risk of injury from lifting a weight that is too heavy

17 CIRCUIT TRAINING Circuit Training is an adaptable form of training. Circuit Training is an adaptable form of training. A variety of exercises and skills are done at different locations in a gym, hall or even outdoors. A variety of exercises and skills are done at different locations in a gym, hall or even outdoors. Each activity is known as a station. Each activity is known as a station.

18 CIRCUIT TRAINING Advantages Can be designed to suit any activity Can be designed to suit any activity Individual pace can be set Individual pace can be set Can be set up almost anywhere Can be set up almost anywhere Less boring because all exercises are different Less boring because all exercises are different Can accommodate a large number of people in a small area. Can accommodate a large number of people in a small area. Disadvantages Can take time to set up People can get in each others way if circuit is busy

19 INTERVAL TRAINING Alternating short near maximum bursts of speed with times of rest /mild exercise Advantages Can mix aerobic and anaerobic exercise Can mix aerobic and anaerobic exercise Easy to see when an athlete isnt trying Easy to see when an athlete isnt trying Disadvantages Hard to keep going Can be boring

20 FARTLEK TRAINING Changes in intensity and type of exercise without stopping Advantages Good for sports that need different paces like football and basketball Good for sports that need different paces like football and basketball Easily changed to suit an individual or a particular sport Easily changed to suit an individual or a particular sport Disadvantages Difficult to see how hard the person is training Too easy to skip the hard bits if you cant be bothered

21 ALTITUDE TRAINING Working at high altitudes there is a drop in aerobic performance due to lack of oxygen. So if you train at high altitude the body systems compensate by manufacturing more red blood cells. Working at high altitudes there is a drop in aerobic performance due to lack of oxygen. So if you train at high altitude the body systems compensate by manufacturing more red blood cells. At least 4 weeks acclimatisation is needed to stabilise performance at altitude At least 4 weeks acclimatisation is needed to stabilise performance at altitude

22 CONTINUOUS TRAINING Involves exercising at a constant rate doing activities like running or cycling/ no resting Advantages Needs only a small amount of easy to use equipment Needs only a small amount of easy to use equipment Good for aerobic fitness and using up body fat Good for aerobic fitness and using up body fat Disadvantages Can be really boring Doesnt improve sprinting so not ideal for many games

23 MUSCULAR ENDURANCE Ability of a muscle or muscle group to keep working for long periods with out tiring Ability of a muscle or muscle group to keep working for long periods with out tiring Events – long distance running/ cycling Events – long distance running/ cycling Means of improving – lots of repetitions for whichever muscle group you want to improve. e.g.sit-ups, chin-ups, dips, press-ups Means of improving – lots of repetitions for whichever muscle group you want to improve. e.g.sit-ups, chin-ups, dips, press-ups

24 STRENGTH Static – maximum force a muscle group can apply to an immovable object / rugby scrum Static – maximum force a muscle group can apply to an immovable object / rugby scrum Explosive –to exert force in one very short but fast movement e.g. shot put/high jump Explosive –to exert force in one very short but fast movement e.g. shot put/high jump Dynamic – to apply force repeatedly over a long time / useful for doing loads of press-ups or cycling Dynamic – to apply force repeatedly over a long time / useful for doing loads of press-ups or cycling

25 FLEXIBILITY To improve it you need to move the joint past where it would normally go. To improve it you need to move the joint past where it would normally go. Active Stretching – you do the work, slowly and gently stretch a little further than normal Active Stretching – you do the work, slowly and gently stretch a little further than normal Passive Stretching – a partner or coach does the work, tell them straight away if you feel any pain Passive Stretching – a partner or coach does the work, tell them straight away if you feel any pain TO INCREASE RANGE OF MOVEMENT HOLD STRETCH FOR 30 SEC. FOR 6 – 8 REPS TO INCREASE RANGE OF MOVEMENT HOLD STRETCH FOR 30 SEC. FOR 6 – 8 REPS

26 Link between flexibility and strength Strength training can have negative effect on flexibility. Strength training can have negative effect on flexibility. As muscles bulk flexibility can decrease As muscles bulk flexibility can decrease Therefore flexibility training must be done to counteract this Therefore flexibility training must be done to counteract this

27 PHYSIOLOGICAL FACTORS Illnesses or Medical Conditions –colds can make you short of breath, effect your concentration, make you weak Illnesses or Medical Conditions –colds can make you short of breath, effect your concentration, make you weak Asthma – affects breathing Asthma – affects breathing Staleness – Poor form or staleness can be caused by over doing things like exercising without enough breaks Staleness – Poor form or staleness can be caused by over doing things like exercising without enough breaks

28 PHYSIOLOGICAL FACTORS Fatigue – The state of being physically tired, when your body hasnt had time to recover from exercise – performance can be affected Fatigue – The state of being physically tired, when your body hasnt had time to recover from exercise – performance can be affected Lack of sleep – without enough sleep you lose strength and concentration more quickly Lack of sleep – without enough sleep you lose strength and concentration more quickly Menstruation – women seem to perform better at certain stages of the menstrual cycle Menstruation – women seem to perform better at certain stages of the menstrual cycle

29 SMOKING Short term effects Short term effects Causes nose throat and chest irritations Causes nose throat and chest irritations Bad breath, loss of taste and appetite Bad breath, loss of taste and appetite Longer recovery rate Longer recovery rate

30 SMOKING Long term effects Long term effects Shortness of breath, reduced lung capacity and oxygen carrying capacity due to carbon monoxide being absorbed Shortness of breath, reduced lung capacity and oxygen carrying capacity due to carbon monoxide being absorbed Increases the risk of developing heart disease, bronchitis and other diseases Increases the risk of developing heart disease, bronchitis and other diseases Increases risk of cancer of mouth, throat and lungs Increases risk of cancer of mouth, throat and lungs

31 ALCOHOL Short term effects Short term effects Reduced co-ordination/balance/ judgement / vision Reduced co-ordination/balance/ judgement / vision Slower reaction time Slower reaction time Stomach irritation / vomiting Stomach irritation / vomiting Headache, increased blood flow, blood pressure Headache, increased blood flow, blood pressure

32 ALCOHOL Long term effects Long term effects Weight gain, kidney problems, cirrhosis of the liver Weight gain, kidney problems, cirrhosis of the liver Depression, brain damage Depression, brain damage Stomach ulcers Stomach ulcers Heart disease / hardening of the arteries Heart disease / hardening of the arteries

33 DRUGS A drug is a chemical substance that affects the body systems

34 DRUGS S – STIMULANTS S – STIMULANTS N – NARCOTIC ANALGESTICS N – NARCOTIC ANALGESTICS A – ANABOLIC AGENTS A – ANABOLIC AGENTS P – PEPTIDE HORMONES P – PEPTIDE HORMONES D - DIURETICS D - DIURETICS

35 DRUGS Stimulants – improves reactions and reflexes and reduces pain Stimulants – improves reactions and reflexes and reduces pain BUT BUT Feeling less pain can make an athlete train too hard, can lead to high blood pressure, heart and liver problems and strokes Feeling less pain can make an athlete train too hard, can lead to high blood pressure, heart and liver problems and strokes

36 DRUGS Narcotic Analgestics – kill pain and tiredness. Mask injury Narcotic Analgestics – kill pain and tiredness. Mask injury BUT BUT they are addictive with unpleasant withdrawal they are addictive with unpleasant withdrawal Feeling less pain can make an athlete train too hard. Feeling less pain can make an athlete train too hard. Can lead to constipation and low blood pressure. Can lead to constipation and low blood pressure.

37 DRUGS Anabolic Agents (STEROIDS) – Anabolic Agents (STEROIDS) – Increase muscle size Increase muscle size delay fatigue, therefore you can train for longer delay fatigue, therefore you can train for longer Can cause high blood pressure, heart disease infertility and cancer Can cause high blood pressure, heart disease infertility and cancer Women may grow facial and body hair and their voice may deepen Women may grow facial and body hair and their voice may deepen

38 DRUGS Diuretics – make you urinate causing weight loss important if you are competing in a certain weight division Diuretics – make you urinate causing weight loss important if you are competing in a certain weight division Can hide traces of other drugs in the body Can hide traces of other drugs in the body BUT BUT They can cause cramp and dehydration They can cause cramp and dehydration

39 DRUGS Peptide Hormones Peptide Hormones Most have a similar effect to anabolic steroids Most have a similar effect to anabolic steroids EPO (Erythropoietin) has a similar effect to blood doping EPO (Erythropoietin) has a similar effect to blood doping BUT BUT They can cause strokes and abnormal growth They can cause strokes and abnormal growth

40 DRUGS Beta Blockers – Medicines that lower the heart rate, steady shaking hands and reduce anxiety Beta Blockers – Medicines that lower the heart rate, steady shaking hands and reduce anxiety BUT BUT They are banned in sports where they might give an advantage such as shooting, ski-jumping, snooker and bobsleigh They are banned in sports where they might give an advantage such as shooting, ski-jumping, snooker and bobsleigh

41 DRUGS Blood doping -used to simulate high altitude training without actually going to high altitude Blood doping -used to simulate high altitude training without actually going to high altitude Red blood cells are taken out of an athlete – their body then makes more red blood cells to replace them Red blood cells are taken out of an athlete – their body then makes more red blood cells to replace them Before a competition the red blood cells are injected back so that more oxygen can be carried around the body Before a competition the red blood cells are injected back so that more oxygen can be carried around the body Possible side effects – allergic reactions, kidney damage, viruses such as aids and blocked capillaries Possible side effects – allergic reactions, kidney damage, viruses such as aids and blocked capillaries

42 BODY TYPES Endo morph Endo morph Meso morph Meso morph Ecto morph Ecto morph

43 ENDOMORPH DUMPY Wide hips, lots of fat on body arms and legs but ankles and wrists are relatively slim Sports – Sumo wrestler need strength, weight and low centre of gravity so they have strong endomorph and mesomorph features

44 MESOMORPH Muscular Muscular Broad shoulders, narrow hips, low body fat. Broad shoulders, narrow hips, low body fat. Mesomorphs are suited to events like decathlon, swimming, gymnastics. Mesomorphs are suited to events like decathlon, swimming, gymnastics. Swimming – broad shoulders and good muscles with little body fat will help them move through the water more efficiently. Strong powerful legs to kick and arm to pull will increase speed of swimmer Swimming – broad shoulders and good muscles with little body fat will help them move through the water more efficiently. Strong powerful legs to kick and arm to pull will increase speed of swimmer

45 ECTOMORPH Thin Thin Narrow shoulders, not much muscle or fat, long and thin arms and legs, thin face and high forehead. Narrow shoulders, not much muscle or fat, long and thin arms and legs, thin face and high forehead. High jumpers need to be tall and light but with powerful muscles so a mixture of ectomorph and mesomorphic features is required. High jumpers need to be tall and light but with powerful muscles so a mixture of ectomorph and mesomorphic features is required. Longer legs gives them advantage in jumping, little weight, less to lift Longer legs gives them advantage in jumping, little weight, less to lift

46 AGE Performance alters as we progress through the ageing process Performance alters as we progress through the ageing process Young age – body still developing Young age – body still developing Bones and ligaments and tendons not fully formed therefore too much training could cause damage or overuse injuries Bones and ligaments and tendons not fully formed therefore too much training could cause damage or overuse injuries Young players have lots of energy and enthusiasm but lack concentration and skill is not as fully developed as an older player Young players have lots of energy and enthusiasm but lack concentration and skill is not as fully developed as an older player

47 AGE Middle – we peak in our twenties Middle – we peak in our twenties You achieve your maximum strength when you are fully grown usually about 20 You achieve your maximum strength when you are fully grown usually about 20 In your 20s it is still easy to build muscle mass In your 20s it is still easy to build muscle mass You have more experience that younger players You have more experience that younger players You will be able to train for longer and have good oxygen capacity which will help aerobic fitness You will be able to train for longer and have good oxygen capacity which will help aerobic fitness

48 AGE Older Players Older Players As we get older eyesight deteriorates and reaction time becomes slower. As we get older eyesight deteriorates and reaction time becomes slower. Bones become fragile and joints stiffen more prone to injury Bones become fragile and joints stiffen more prone to injury Factors affecting performance with ageing are endurance, speed, flexibility, timing, co-ordination and skill level. Factors affecting performance with ageing are endurance, speed, flexibility, timing, co-ordination and skill level. Experience is a vital and an older player has gained more experience. Experience is a vital and an older player has gained more experience. Keeping fit will slow down the process of ageing Keeping fit will slow down the process of ageing

49 PSYCHOLOGICAL fACTORS Tension Tension Anxiety Anxiety Boredom Boredom Motivation Motivation

50 PERSONALITIES Introvert Introvert Quiet, shy, retiring Quiet, shy, retiring Individual sports – Individual sports – Routine and repetitive – swimming Routine and repetitive – swimming Like to perform precise and intricate skills Like to perform precise and intricate skills Do not enjoy contact sports Do not enjoy contact sports

51 PERSONALITIES Extrovert Extrovert Outgoing, loud and lively Outgoing, loud and lively Team sports – hockey Team sports – hockey Enjoy lots of excitment Enjoy lots of excitment Enjoy fast sport with lots of involvement Enjoy fast sport with lots of involvement High levels of excitement – ski-ing High levels of excitement – ski-ing

52 AGGRESSION Can be positive and negative Can be positive and negative Positive Positive Controlled aggression is necessary in most sports, particularly in games such as rugby, or batting and bowling in cricket. Controlled aggression is necessary in most sports, particularly in games such as rugby, or batting and bowling in cricket. A bowler may show aggression in bowling bouncers. A bowler may show aggression in bowling bouncers. In athletics there may be aggression in the run up to the long jump. The expression of attacking the board is often used. In athletics there may be aggression in the run up to the long jump. The expression of attacking the board is often used.

53 AGGRESSION Negative Negative However aggression must be controlled. However aggression must be controlled. When sportsmen and women lose this control it can often lead to foul play. When sportsmen and women lose this control it can often lead to foul play. Common in invasion games as well as games such as tennis where racket abuse sometimes occurs. Common in invasion games as well as games such as tennis where racket abuse sometimes occurs.

54 FEEDBACK When we learn new skills we require some information to tell us what we are doing and whether it is correct or not. When we learn new skills we require some information to tell us what we are doing and whether it is correct or not. If we obtain this information from our feelings of the actions the feedback to the brain is called If we obtain this information from our feelings of the actions the feedback to the brain is called Knowledge of performance Knowledge of performance or Internal feedback. or Internal feedback.

55 FEEDBACK If the performer receives information from a coach the feedback is called If the performer receives information from a coach the feedback is called Knowledge of Results Knowledge of Results or External Feedback or External Feedback

56 FEEDBACK Types of practice Types of practice To learn a new skill or improve an existing one you must practice. To learn a new skill or improve an existing one you must practice. Part Method – one way to learn a complex skill is to learn parts of it,then put the parts together, e.g. when learning how to do the triple jump. Part Method – one way to learn a complex skill is to learn parts of it,then put the parts together, e.g. when learning how to do the triple jump. Whole Method – sometimes the skill cannot be broken down e.g. when learning how to do a somersault Whole Method – sometimes the skill cannot be broken down e.g. when learning how to do a somersault Massed Practice – continual practice repeating the action over and over again, for example when learning to shoot or passing skills Massed Practice – continual practice repeating the action over and over again, for example when learning to shoot or passing skills

57 FEEDBACK Guidance Guidance Visual Guidance – Learn by watching a demonstration of the skill, looking at a picture or watching a video. Visual Guidance – Learn by watching a demonstration of the skill, looking at a picture or watching a video. Verbal Guidance – Learn by listening to instructions Verbal Guidance – Learn by listening to instructions Manual Guidance – Learn by being helped with the support of a coach, by holding the performer in correct position or with mechanical device such as rig in trampolining Manual Guidance – Learn by being helped with the support of a coach, by holding the performer in correct position or with mechanical device such as rig in trampolining

58 SKILLS Open skill – When a performer has to adapt to the changing situation or the environment Open skill – When a performer has to adapt to the changing situation or the environment e.g. invasion games such as rugby and netball e.g. invasion games such as rugby and netball Closed skill- When skills are performed in isolation without a changing environment Closed skill- When skills are performed in isolation without a changing environment e.g. diving, tennis serve, vault in gymnastics e.g. diving, tennis serve, vault in gymnastics

59 Technological Developments New materials and new designs of equipment have had a considerable impact on sport New materials and new designs of equipment have had a considerable impact on sport Clothing – new materials and designs for one-piece suits for swimming, speed skating and athletics have contributed to improved performance times in these and similar events. Clothing – new materials and designs for one-piece suits for swimming, speed skating and athletics have contributed to improved performance times in these and similar events.

60 Technological Developments Footwear – sports companies spend considerable amounts of money developing different types of footwear, not just to improve sportsmens and womens performance but also to maintain sales in the fashion and recreational market. Footwear – sports companies spend considerable amounts of money developing different types of footwear, not just to improve sportsmens and womens performance but also to maintain sales in the fashion and recreational market.

61 Technological Developments Facilities – New facilities now enable events to take place which would previosly have had to be cancelled because of weather conditions. Facilities – New facilities now enable events to take place which would previosly have had to be cancelled because of weather conditions. e.g. The Millenium Stadium in Cardiff with a retractable roof allows football, rugby and cricket to take place irrespective of bad weather. e.g. The Millenium Stadium in Cardiff with a retractable roof allows football, rugby and cricket to take place irrespective of bad weather.

62 Technological Developments Sports surfaces – New Surfaces such as plastic grass have revolutionised the way hockey is played. Artificial cricket wickets are popular in schools as they require considerably less maintainance than traditional grass wickets. Sports surfaces – New Surfaces such as plastic grass have revolutionised the way hockey is played. Artificial cricket wickets are popular in schools as they require considerably less maintainance than traditional grass wickets. Times and distances have improved in Athletics with the introduction of rubberised surfaces and soft landing areas for high jump and pole vault Times and distances have improved in Athletics with the introduction of rubberised surfaces and soft landing areas for high jump and pole vault

63 Technological Developments Teaching and Coaching – video recording of a sport is useful for the coach and the performer to analyse technique and make comparisons with top class performers. Teaching and Coaching – video recording of a sport is useful for the coach and the performer to analyse technique and make comparisons with top class performers. Refereeing – Video replay is now used in a number of sports to help the referee make decisions Refereeing – Video replay is now used in a number of sports to help the referee make decisions

64 Technological Developments In swimming and athletics - electronic starting, timing and the use of photo finishing help officials make the correct decisions In swimming and athletics - electronic starting, timing and the use of photo finishing help officials make the correct decisions In tennis - the electronic eye can be used to detect whether a service is in In tennis - the electronic eye can be used to detect whether a service is in

65 Technological Developments Spectators – at the back of large stadium, spectators have little chance of seeing the action. Spectators – at the back of large stadium, spectators have little chance of seeing the action. However large video screens show replays and miniature cameras in cricket stumps give spectators a taste of what batsmen expect from fast bowlers. However large video screens show replays and miniature cameras in cricket stumps give spectators a taste of what batsmen expect from fast bowlers.

66 RISK ASSESSMENT AND FIRST AID Strain – these occur in the muscles or tendons Strain – these occur in the muscles or tendons They are overstretched or possibly torn They are overstretched or possibly torn Cause- by sudden or violent movement, lifting heavy objects with poor technique Cause- by sudden or violent movement, lifting heavy objects with poor technique Treatment – R.I.C.E. Treatment – R.I.C.E.

67 RISK ASSESSMENT AND FIRST AID Sprain – this occurs at a joint Sprain – this occurs at a joint The tissues and ligaments are stretched and sometimes torn. The tissues and ligaments are stretched and sometimes torn. This may be minor like a twisted ankle or major where severs and extensive damage has been caused This may be minor like a twisted ankle or major where severs and extensive damage has been caused Cause – twisted or suddenly wrenching the joint as a result of running on uneven ground, being tackled in rugby/football or landing awkwardly Cause – twisted or suddenly wrenching the joint as a result of running on uneven ground, being tackled in rugby/football or landing awkwardly Treatment – R.I.C.E. Treatment – R.I.C.E.

68 RISK ASSESSMENT AND FIRST AID DISLOCATION DISLOCATION This occurs when one or more bones as been displaced at a joint usually as a result of a strong force. This occurs when one or more bones as been displaced at a joint usually as a result of a strong force. The bones have been wrenched into an abnormal position. The bones have been wrenched into an abnormal position. Treatment – call an ambulance and make the casualty as comfortable as possible Treatment – call an ambulance and make the casualty as comfortable as possible

69 RISK ASSESSMENT AND FIRST AID RICE RICE Rest injured part – stop sport if you carry on you will make injury worse Rest injured part – stop sport if you carry on you will make injury worse Ice – Apply ice to injured part – this makes blood vessels contract to reduce internal swelling and bleeding Ice – Apply ice to injured part – this makes blood vessels contract to reduce internal swelling and bleeding Compression – Bandage injured part will help to reduce swelling. Compression – Bandage injured part will help to reduce swelling. Elevation – Support limb at a raised level i.e. above heart level. The flow of blood reduces because it has to flow against gravity. Elevation – Support limb at a raised level i.e. above heart level. The flow of blood reduces because it has to flow against gravity.

70 Recognition of Fractures Fractures are cracks in the bone or an actual break. Fractures are cracks in the bone or an actual break. They are usually accompanied by swelling They are usually accompanied by swelling This is because they damage blood vessels in or around the bone. This is because they damage blood vessels in or around the bone. In an open fracture the skin is torn and the bone pokes out. In an open fracture the skin is torn and the bone pokes out. In a closed fracture it all happens under the skin. The skin itself is alright In a closed fracture it all happens under the skin. The skin itself is alright

71 Stress Fractures A stress fracture is a crack along a length of a bone. A stress fracture is a crack along a length of a bone. It is caused by continuous stress over a long period of time It is caused by continuous stress over a long period of time Long-distance runners get stress fractures called shin splints Long-distance runners get stress fractures called shin splints

72 Recognition of symptoms of Concussion Unconsciousness, disorientation, memory loss. Unconsciousness, disorientation, memory loss. Caused by a blow to the head Caused by a blow to the head Treatment If unconscious place in recovery position and get ambulance Treatment If unconscious place in recovery position and get ambulance If conscious keep casualty under observation for 24 hours If conscious keep casualty under observation for 24 hours

73 Recognition of symptoms of Hypothermia Symptoms – Body temperature falls below 35 degrees C Symptoms – Body temperature falls below 35 degrees C Muscles go rigid, heart beats irregularly, casualty may fall unconscious Muscles go rigid, heart beats irregularly, casualty may fall unconscious Treatment – steadily raise body temperature to 37 degrees C Treatment – steadily raise body temperature to 37 degrees C Put them into warm dry clothing or wrap in a blanket Put them into warm dry clothing or wrap in a blanket Give hot drinks or maybe a hot bath. Give hot drinks or maybe a hot bath.

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