Presentation on theme: "Disaster Management in India Need for Partnership of the State, Community & the Corporate World SAFE 2010 : International Conference on Internal Security."— Presentation transcript:
Disaster Management in India Need for Partnership of the State, Community & the Corporate World SAFE 2010 : International Conference on Internal Security 29 JULY 2010 K.M. Singh Member, NDMA
CONTENTS 1.Disasters Trend. 2.Disaster Management Framework. 3.National Vision and Strategy. 4.NDRF and Civil Defence 5.Tasks Accomplished. 6.Ongoing Activities and Major Initiatives. 7.Corporate Social Responsibility 8.Conclusion.
DISASTERS : TREND
NATURAL DISASTERS REPORTED: Number of Disasters Reported
DISASTER LOSSES IN THE RICHEST AND POOREST NATIONS ( ) Source: UNISDR 2004, adapted from Munich Re 1999.
TOTAL AMMOUNT OF DISASTER DAMAGE BETWEEN 1991 AND 2000 IN MILLIONS OF $ US AMERICA ASIA EUROPE AFRICA 1,64,868.1 (21 %) 4,00,641.8 (52 %) 2,04,434 (26 %) 2,140.2 (0 %) 11,753.2 (1 %) OCEANIA
58.6 per cent of the landmass is prone to earthquakes of moderate to very high intensity. Of the 7,516 km long coastline, close to 5,700 km is prone to cyclones and tsunamis (75%). Over 40 million hectares (12 per cent of land) is prone to floods and river erosion. Hilly areas are at risk from landslides and avalanches. 68 per cent of the cultivable area is vulnerable to drought. VULNERABILITY PROFILE OF INDIA
DISASTER MANAGEMENT FRAMEWORK
APPROACH Paradigm Shift from Response Centric to a Holistic and Integrated Approach. Backed by – Institutional Framework and Legal Authority. Supported by Financial Mechanism, Creation of new Funds, i.e., Response Fund and Mitigation Fund. DM STRUCTURE NDMA set up as the Apex Body with Honble PM as Chairperson. DM Structure – At all three levels i.e. National, State (CMs as Chairpersons) and District (District Magistrates as Chairpersons and Chairman of Zila Parishads as Co-Chairpersons). NEC and SECs to assist these Authorities at different levels. National Disaster Response Force (NDRF). National Institute of Disaster Management (NIDM). SALIENT FEATURES – DM ACT, 2005
MANDATE 1.Responsible for Management of all Natural & Man-made Disasters. 2.Lay down Policy and Guidelines. 3.Approve National Disaster Management (DM) Plan and DM Plans of Ministries & Departments. 4.Coordinate enforcement and implementation of policy and plans. 5.Operationalize a Specialized Response Force.
NATIONAL VISION AND STRATEGY
VISION To build A SAFE AND DISASTER RESILIENT INDIA by developing a holistic, proactive, multi-disaster and technology-driven strategy through a culture of prevention, mitigation, preparedness and efficient response. STRATEGY A multi-dimensional Strategy, focusing on – Pre-disaster Phase: 1.Prevention. 2.Mitigation. 3.Preparedness. 4.Capacity Building (NDRF, SDRF, CD, NCC, NYKS etc). 5.Community based Disaster Management (including Public Awareness). Post-disaster Phase: 6.Prompt and Efficient Response – Proactive. 7.Reconstruction and Recovery (Building back better).
NDRF AND CIVIL DEFENCE
1.Composition. Existing : 8 Bns. Approved : 10 Bns. 2.Tasks. Specialized Response during disasters. Assist in Community Training & Preparedness. Impart basic and operation level training to State Disaster Response Forces (Police, Civil Defence and Home Guards). Proactive Deployment during impending disaster situations. Liaison, Reconnaissance, Rehearsals and Mock Drills. 3.Equipment. Inflatable Boats Available : 576 (72x8) + 48 (6x8) = 624. BAUTS ordered : 288 (36x8). National Reserve : Inflatable: BAUTS: 120 = 600. Availability of Boats with 10 BNs – NATIONAL DISASTER RESPONSE FORCE (DEDICATED FORCE FOR DM)
NDRF BNS – LOCATIONS BHATINDA GHAZIABAD VADODARA PUNE(Talegaon) BHUBANESHWAR (Mundali) KOLKATA GUWAHATI PATNA CHENNAI (Arakkonam) LEGEND BNs CBRN BNs New Raisings VIJAYAWADA Two more Battalions Approved.
Rescue During Cyclone Aila, WEST BENGAL Rescue During Pawna River Floods, PUNE NDRF Community Training, BIHAR, June – July 2008 People Rescued in Floods.: 1.35 Lakhs. People Sensitized for Disaster Response.: 6.56 Lakhs. Training of Instructors (State Disaster Response Forces). : 205 (23 States). 4.Rescue Operations and Community Sensitized by NDRF. NATIONAL DISASTER RESPONSE FORCE Deployed 75 Times – 19 States.
VISIBLE PART: AT THE CUTTING EDGE LEVEL KOSI FLOODS AUGUST 08 LANDSLIDE RESCUE, DARJEELING, JUN 09 AP & KARNATAKA FLOODS OCT 09 SAR OPERATION AT BELLARY, KARNATAKA, JANUARY 2010 NDMA POSITIONS ITSELF NDRF in Action
MOCK EXERCISES IN SCHOOLS IN DIFFERENT PARTS OF THE COUNTRY Amity International School, GURGAON, 29 Apr 09 Govt. Boys Hr. Sec. Institute, BARAMULLA, 18 March 2010 Govt. Inter College, Dhela, Ramnagar, UTTARAKHAND 09 Apr 09 JVM School, Bellary, KARNATAKA, 17 Jun 09 Mata Jai Kaur Public School, NEW DELHI, 05 May 09 School Safety NDMA POSITIONS ITSELF – VISIBLE PART: AT THE CUTTING EDGE LEVEL
CBRN Security – Commonwealth Games Parliament Security Mayapuri, Delhi (Cobalt 60) : Identification & Disposal of Radiological sources Mumbai : Neutralising leaking Chlorine Gas cylinders NDMA made responsible for CBRN Security Plan for Commonwealth Games. Plan handed over on 06 Nov NDMA made responsible for conceptualizing Parliament House Security Plan. Our Plan approved by JPC. Underway CBRN EMERGENCIES NDMA POSITIONS ITSELF – VISIBLE PART: AT THE CUTTING EDGE LEVEL
UPGRADATION OF CIVIL DEFENCE 1.Civil Defence to be District centric rather than Town centric Organization (Voluntary basis). 2.Revamping of CD in 100 Districts in terms of purchase of equipment and transport – as part of Pilot Project. 3.Upgradation of 20 existing CD Training Institutes and construction of 10 new Training Institutes. Rs. 100 Cr. approved by the Government for Revamping of the Civil Defence (Pilot Project).
Education Hitherto confined to Schools only. Now to encompass entire Higher/ Technical Education. All Undergraduate Courses. Medical. Engineering. Architecture. Agriculture. : A Committee with Addl Secy MoHRD as the Chairperson with representatives of UGC, AICTE, etc has been formed. Advocacy with Central Ministries and States to Enact/ Amend – Zoning/ Building Regulations and Codes. Under Active Progress. Already Included. NDMA POSITIONS ITSELF – SUPPORTING/ ENABLING MEASURES 12 States Already Done.
Sensitization of Functionaries (DM Capsules as Part of Training) – IAS and Central Services, – LBSNAA, Mussoorie : 211. and MCR HRD Institute, Hyderabad. IPS – NPA, Hyderabad (18 Courses). : 840. Total. : Sensitization of Corporate Executives.: 40. NDMA POSITIONS ITSELF – SUPPORTING/ ENABLING MEASURES
National Policy on Disaster Management (DM) –Approved by the Government on 22 Oct 09. GuidelinesIssued 15 Guidelines for NIDMs Functioning.13 Apr 06. Recommendations on Revamping of CD & Fire Services. Dec 06. Earthquakes.16 May 07. Chemical (Industrial) Disasters.28 May 07. Formulation of State DM Plans.16 Aug 07. Medical Preparedness and Mass Casualty Management. 14 Nov 07. Floods.17 Jan 08.
Guidelines on Pandemic Preparedness Beyond Health. 22 Apr 08. Cyclones.24 Apr 08. Biological.22 Aug 08. Nuclear and Radiological Emergencies (Unclassified, Part – I). 24 Feb 09. Guidelines for Disaster Response Training at the Centre & States – NDRF & SDRFs. Mar 09. Landslides & Snow Avalanches.23 Jun 09. Chemical Terrorism Disasters.04 Aug 09. Psycho Social and Mental Health Care.20 Jan 10. TASKS ACCOMPLISHED
ONGOING ACTIVITIES AND MAJOR INITIATIVES
Incident Response System LATER IN Curriculum for Training of Civil Defence. Tsunami. Nuclear – Radiological – Part II (Classified.) Drought. Community Based Disaster Management. National Guidelines on Communication & Information Network. Urban Flooding. Minimum Standards of Relief. Management of the Dead. Micro Finance & Risk Insurance. Role of NGOs in Disaster Management. Post Disaster Reconstruction. Protection of Cultural Heritage & Monuments. Training Curriculum for Civil Defence. Fire Services. ONGOING ACTIVITIES AND MAJOR INITIATIVES Being Released on 21 July Guidelines – Under Finalization.
ONGOING ACTIVITIES AND MAJOR INITIATIVES Earthquakes. EFC Note Submitted to the Govt. Pilot Project for School Safety. Case under consideration by the Govt. National Disaster Information and Communication Network. DPR Completed. Process for Preparation of DPRs in Progress. Landslides. Floods. Medical Preparedness. Creation of National Disaster Response Reserves (for 400,000 Personnel, including 150,000 Personnel for Hilly Terrain). Proposal with the Govt. for Approval. Mitigation Projects (Under Preparation) Cyclones. World Bank Project : Rs Cr. (308.6 Million US $). Phase – I : 2 States (Finally 13 States/ UTs). Approval by the World Bank received. Project being launched shortly.
Delhi Metro, 26 March 2010 Flood, Bellary, 14 Sep 2009 Cyclone, Porbander, 19 Jun 09 ONGOING ACTIVITIES AND MAJOR INITIATIVES: CAPACITY BUILDING Mock Exercises (Districts & Schools) Conducted so far.180 (including 80 Schools/ Colleges). Community and First Responders : Sensitized/ Trained. Over 15.0 Lakhs. States/ UTs Covered –35. Districts Covered – 84. Exercises Conducted on – all Natural Disasters, Fire, Man-made Disasters and School Safety.
SURAT, HAZIRA, GUJARAT, 28 MARCH 2008 Chemical (Industrial) Disasters. Exercises.: 26. Major Accident Hazard (MAH) Units Exercised.: 49. MAH Industries Sensitized.: 120. On Site Workers Participated.: 79,700. Off-Site People Sensitized. : 2.03 Lakhs. On-Site Plans Prepared.: 1833 (Out of 1866 in 304 Districts) – 98%. Off-Site Plans Prepared.: 171 (For Remaining – Work in Progress). ONGOING ACTIVITIES AND MAJOR INITIATIVES: CAPACITY BUILDING IOCL PANIPAT, HARYANA, 21 MAY 2010
NSS Training at Pune 9.Training of Students and Youth. Training of Students. : 60,800 (Including 2,527 Teachers). NCC. : 82,300. NSS. : 800. NYKS. : NCC Training at Hyderabad Much more underway. ONGOING ACTIVITIES AND MAJOR INITIATIVES: CAPACITY BUILDING
Mobile Field Hospitals. Mobile Field Hospitals in pipeline – 5 (MHA – 03 and MoH&FW – 02). Ambulance Services. In Partnership with GVK EMRI – 12 States. Already functional – 10 States (Total 2,593 Ambulances) (Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Goa, Gujarat, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Meghalaya, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand). Supported through funding from Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (NRHM). Trauma Centres. 2 – Trauma Centres are already working in Delhi. 1 –200 bed Trauma Centre now under construction in Chandigarh. As part of Hospitals – Major Cities in Southern India. Over and above Army Mobile Field Hospitals. + Air Force – 01.
CAPACITY BUILDING: MAJOR INITIATIVES
1.Capacity Building Project (in Partnership with IGNOU) and Ministry of Rural Development. States.: 11. IGNOU Districts.: 55. Training of PRI/ ULB Representatives.: 12,375 (225 Per District). Training of Government Functionaries.: 4,125 (75 Per District). CAPACITY BUILDING: MAJOR INITIATIVES
3.Partnership with Corporate Sector through Corporate Social Responsibility and Public Private Partnership. VC has written to CEOs of all major Business Houses. Positive response. Modalities being finalized with help of IIM Ahmedabad. FICCI, CII, ASSOCHAM, PHD Chamber of Commerce and NASSCOM etc. being consulted. Through interaction with States. Corporate Disaster Resource Network – Established (with AidMatrix). CAPACITY BUILDING: MAJOR INITIATIVES 70 Schools with GMR in Srikakulum District in Andhra Pradesh from 19 July 2010.
NDMAs Vision : o School Safety Projects o Cyclone/ Flood Shelters o Ambulance Services o Mobile Hospitals o Heli Ambulances o Enhancing Fire Services Capacity o Encouraging/ assisting Civil Defence o Public Awareness (Media/ Workshops) Areas of Activities Under CSR : NDMAs Vision
Areas of Activities Under CSR : DM Related Dept of Public Enterprise : April 9, 2010 o DM Activities : Amelioration/ Mitigation o Construction of Community Centres o Relief to victims of Natural Calamities o Pollution Control o Sanitation & Public Health o Activities towards preservation of Environment/ Ecology & to sustainable Development
Funding CPSE : CSR Budget (Dept of Pub. Enterprises) Type of CPSEs (Net Profit (Prev. Year) Exp. Range in a Fin. Year (% of Profit) Less than Rs.100 Cr. 3% - 5% 100 Cr to 500 Cr 20% to 30% 500 Cr above 0.5% to 2% Unspent money to be transferred to non-lapsable pool
Role of Govt in D.M: Primary & Substantial Cannot be standalone effort of Govt Need for an inclusive approach Create space for all stakeholders Corporate Sector : Vast experience & proven ability PPP will improve pace & quality of DM CONCLUSION