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Need for Partnership of the State, Community & the Corporate World

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Presentation on theme: "Need for Partnership of the State, Community & the Corporate World"— Presentation transcript:

1 Need for Partnership of the State, Community & the Corporate World
“Disaster Management in India” Need for Partnership of the State, Community & the Corporate World SAFE 2010 : International Conference on Internal Security 29 JULY 2010 K.M. Singh Member, NDMA

2 CONTENTS Disasters Trend. Disaster Management Framework.
National Vision and Strategy. NDRF and Civil Defence Tasks Accomplished. Ongoing Activities and Major Initiatives. Corporate Social Responsibility Conclusion.

3 DISASTERS : TREND

4 NATURAL DISASTERS REPORTED: 1975-2008 Number of Disasters Reported
550 Number of Disasters Reported 500 450 400 350 300 250 200 150 100 50 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2008

5 DISASTER LOSSES IN THE RICHEST AND POOREST NATIONS (1985-99)
Source: UNISDR 2004, adapted from Munich Re 1999.

6 TOTAL AMMOUNT OF DISASTER DAMAGE BETWEEN 1991 AND 2000 IN MILLIONS OF $ US
11, (1 %) OCEANIA 2, (0 %) 1,64, (21 %) AFRICA ASIA EUROPE 4,00, (52 %) 2,04, (26 %) AMERICA

7 VULNERABILITY PROFILE OF INDIA
58.6 per cent of the landmass is prone to earthquakes of moderate to very high intensity. Of the 7,516 km long coastline, close to 5,700 km is prone to cyclones and tsunamis (75%). Over 40 million hectares (12 per cent of land) is prone to floods and river erosion. Hilly areas are at risk from landslides and avalanches. 68 per cent of the cultivable area is vulnerable to drought.

8 DISASTER MANAGEMENT FRAMEWORK

9 SALIENT FEATURES – DM ACT, 2005
APPROACH Paradigm Shift from Response Centric to a Holistic and Integrated Approach. Backed by – Institutional Framework and Legal Authority. Supported by Financial Mechanism, Creation of new Funds, i.e., Response Fund and Mitigation Fund. DM STRUCTURE NDMA set up as the Apex Body with Hon’ble PM as Chairperson. DM Structure – At all three levels i.e. National, State (CMs as Chairpersons) and District (District Magistrates as Chairpersons and Chairman of Zila Parishads as Co-Chairpersons). NEC and SECs to assist these Authorities at different levels. National Disaster Response Force (NDRF). National Institute of Disaster Management (NIDM).

10 MANDATE Responsible for Management of all Natural & Man-made Disasters. Lay down Policy and Guidelines. Approve National Disaster Management (DM) Plan and DM Plans of Ministries & Departments. Coordinate enforcement and implementation of policy and plans. Operationalize a Specialized Response Force.

11 NATIONAL VISION AND STRATEGY

12 NATIONAL VISION AND STRATEGY
“To build A SAFE AND DISASTER RESILIENT INDIA by developing a holistic, proactive, multi-disaster and technology-driven strategy through a culture of prevention, mitigation, preparedness and efficient response.” STRATEGY A multi-dimensional Strategy, focusing on – Pre-disaster Phase: Prevention. Mitigation. Preparedness. Capacity Building (NDRF, SDRF, CD, NCC, NYKS etc). Community based Disaster Management (including Public Awareness). Post-disaster Phase: Prompt and Efficient Response – Proactive. Reconstruction and Recovery (Building back better).

13 NDRF AND CIVIL DEFENCE

14 NATIONAL DISASTER RESPONSE FORCE (DEDICATED FORCE FOR DM)
Composition. Existing : 8 Bns. Approved : 10 Bns. Tasks. Specialized Response during disasters. Assist in Community Training & Preparedness. Impart basic and operation level training to State Disaster Response Forces (Police, Civil Defence and Home Guards). Proactive Deployment during impending disaster situations. Liaison, Reconnaissance, Rehearsals and Mock Drills. Equipment. Inflatable Boats Available : 576 (72x8) + 48 (6x8) = 624. BAUTS ordered : 288 (36x8). National Reserve : Inflatable: BAUTS: 120 = 600. Availability of Boats with 10 BNs – 912. 1512. 1740.

15 NDRF BNS – LOCATIONS Two more Battalions Approved. PATNA BHATINDA
BHUBANESHWAR (Mundali) GHAZIABAD GUWAHATI KOLKATA VADODARA VIJAYAWADA PUNE (Talegaon) CHENNAI (Arakkonam) LEGEND BNs CBRN BNs New Raisings Two more Battalions Approved.

16 Deployed 75 Times – 19 States.
NATIONAL DISASTER RESPONSE FORCE Rescue Operations and Community Sensitized by NDRF. People Rescued in Floods. : 1.35 Lakhs. People Sensitized for Disaster Response. : 6.56 Lakhs. Training of Instructors (State Disaster Response Forces). : 205 (23 States). Deployed 75 Times – 19 States. Rescue During Cyclone Aila, WEST BENGAL Rescue During Pawna River Floods, PUNE NDRF Community Training, BIHAR, June – July 2008

17 VISIBLE PART: AT THE CUTTING EDGE LEVEL
NDMA POSITIONS ITSELF VISIBLE PART: AT THE CUTTING EDGE LEVEL NDRF in Action KOSI FLOODS AUGUST 08 SAR OPERATION AT BELLARY, KARNATAKA, JANUARY 2010 AP & KARNATAKA FLOODS OCT 09 LANDSLIDE RESCUE, DARJEELING, JUN 09

18 NDMA POSITIONS ITSELF – VISIBLE PART: AT THE CUTTING EDGE LEVEL
School Safety JVM School, Bellary, KARNATAKA, 17 Jun 09 Mata Jai Kaur Public School, NEW DELHI, 05 May 09 MOCK EXERCISES IN SCHOOLS IN DIFFERENT PARTS OF THE COUNTRY Govt. Inter College, Dhela, Ramnagar, UTTARAKHAND 09 Apr 09 Amity International School, GURGAON, 29 Apr 09 Govt. Boys Hr. Sec. Institute, BARAMULLA, 18 March 2010

19 NDMA POSITIONS ITSELF – VISIBLE PART: AT THE CUTTING EDGE LEVEL
CBRN EMERGENCIES Mayapuri, Delhi (Cobalt 60) : Identification & Disposal of Radiological sources Mumbai : Neutralising leaking Chlorine Gas cylinders Underway CBRN Security – Commonwealth Games NDMA made responsible for CBRN Security Plan for Commonwealth Games. Plan handed over on 06 Nov 2009. NDMA made responsible for conceptualizing Parliament House Security Plan. Our Plan approved by JPC. Parliament Security

20 UPGRADATION OF CIVIL DEFENCE
Civil Defence to be District centric rather than Town centric Organization (Voluntary basis). Revamping of CD in 100 Districts in terms of purchase of equipment and transport – as part of Pilot Project. Upgradation of 20 existing CD Training Institutes and construction of 10 new Training Institutes. Rs. 100 Cr. approved by the Government for Revamping of the Civil Defence (Pilot Project).

21 12 States Already Done. Under Active Progress. Already Included.
NDMA POSITIONS ITSELF – SUPPORTING/ ENABLING MEASURES Advocacy with Central Ministries and States to Enact/ Amend – Zoning/ Building Regulations and Codes. 12 States Already Done. Education Hitherto confined to Schools only. Now to encompass entire Higher/ Technical Education. All Undergraduate Courses. Medical. Engineering. Architecture. Agriculture. : A Committee with Addl Secy MoHRD as the Chairperson with representatives of UGC, AICTE, etc has been formed. Under Active Progress. Already Included.

22 IAS and Central Services, – LBSNAA, Mussoorie : 211.
NDMA POSITIONS ITSELF – SUPPORTING/ ENABLING MEASURES Sensitization of Functionaries (DM Capsules as Part of Training) – 2009. IAS and Central Services, – LBSNAA, Mussoorie : and MCR HRD Institute, Hyderabad. IPS – NPA, Hyderabad (18 Courses). : Total. : Sensitization of Corporate Executives. :

23 Awareness Generation Earthquakes. Cyclones. Floods.
NDMA POSITIONS ITSELF – SUPPORTING/ ENABLING MEASURES Awareness Generation Earthquakes. Cyclones. Floods.

24 TASKS ACCOMPLISHED

25 Approved by the Government on 22 Oct 09.
TASKS ACCOMPLISHED National Policy on Disaster Management (DM) – Approved by the Government on Oct 09. Guidelines Issued 15 Guidelines for NIDM’s Functioning. 13 Apr 06. Recommendations on Revamping of CD & Fire Services. Dec 06. Earthquakes. 16 May 07. Chemical (Industrial) Disasters. 28 May 07. Formulation of State DM Plans. 16 Aug 07. Medical Preparedness and Mass Casualty Management. 14 Nov 07. Floods. 17 Jan 08.

26 Guidelines on Pandemic Preparedness Beyond Health. 22 Apr 08.
TASKS ACCOMPLISHED Guidelines on Pandemic Preparedness Beyond Health. 22 Apr 08. Cyclones. 24 Apr 08. Biological. 22 Aug 08. Nuclear and Radiological Emergencies (Unclassified, Part – I). 24 Feb 09. Guidelines for Disaster Response Training at the Centre & States – NDRF & SDRFs. Mar 09. Landslides & Snow Avalanches. 23 Jun 09. Chemical Terrorism Disasters. 04 Aug 09. Psycho Social and Mental Health Care. 20 Jan 10.

27 ONGOING ACTIVITIES AND MAJOR INITIATIVES

28 Guidelines – Under Finalization.
ONGOING ACTIVITIES AND MAJOR INITIATIVES Guidelines – Under Finalization. Incident Response System LATER IN 2010. Curriculum for Training of Civil Defence. Tsunami. Nuclear – Radiological – Part II (Classified.) Drought. Community Based Disaster Management. National Guidelines on Communication & Information Network. Urban Flooding. Minimum Standards of Relief. Management of the Dead. Micro Finance & Risk Insurance. Role of NGOs in Disaster Management. Post Disaster Reconstruction. Protection of Cultural Heritage & Monuments. Training Curriculum for Civil Defence. Fire Services. Being Released on 21 July 2010.

29 Mitigation Projects (Under Preparation)
ONGOING ACTIVITIES AND MAJOR INITIATIVES Mitigation Projects (Under Preparation) Cyclones. World Bank Project : Rs Cr. (308.6 Million US $). Phase – I : States (Finally 13 States/ UTs). Approval by the World Bank received. Project being launched shortly. Earthquakes. EFC Note Submitted to the Govt. Pilot Project for School Safety. Case under consideration by the Govt. National Disaster Information and Communication Network. DPR Completed. Process for Preparation of DPRs in Progress. Landslides. Floods. Medical Preparedness. Creation of National Disaster Response Reserves (for 400,000 Personnel, including 150,000 Personnel for Hilly Terrain). Proposal with the Govt. for Approval.

30 Over 15.0 Lakhs. Mock Exercises (Districts & Schools)
ONGOING ACTIVITIES AND MAJOR INITIATIVES: CAPACITY BUILDING Mock Exercises (Districts & Schools) Conducted so far. 180 (including 80 Schools/ Colleges). Community and First Responders : Sensitized/ Trained. Over 15.0 Lakhs. States/ UTs Covered –35. Districts Covered – 84. Exercises Conducted on – all Natural Disasters, Fire, Man-made Disasters and School Safety. Delhi Metro, 26 March 2010 Flood, Bellary, 14 Sep 2009 Cyclone, Porbander, 19 Jun 09

31 : 2.03 Lakhs. Chemical (Industrial) Disasters.
ONGOING ACTIVITIES AND MAJOR INITIATIVES: CAPACITY BUILDING Chemical (Industrial) Disasters. Exercises. : 26. Major Accident Hazard (MAH) Units Exercised. : 49. MAH Industries Sensitized. : 120. On Site Workers Participated. : 79,700. Off-Site People Sensitized. : 2.03 Lakhs. On-Site Plans Prepared. : 1833 (Out of 1866 in 304 Districts) – 98%. Off-Site Plans Prepared. : 171 (For Remaining – Work in Progress). IOCL PANIPAT, HARYANA, 21 MAY 2010 SURAT, HAZIRA, GUJARAT, 28 MARCH 2008

32 NCC Training at Hyderabad
ONGOING ACTIVITIES AND MAJOR INITIATIVES: CAPACITY BUILDING 9. Training of Students and Youth. Training of Students. : 60,800 (Including 2,527 Teachers). NCC. : 82,300. NSS. : NYKS. : Much more underway. NCC Training at Hyderabad NSS Training at Pune

33 MEDICAL PREPAREDNESS

34 Over and above Army Mobile Field Hospitals.
MEDICAL PREPAREDNESS Mobile Field Hospitals. Mobile Field Hospitals in pipeline – 5 (MHA – 03 and MoH&FW – 02). Ambulance Services. In Partnership with GVK EMRI – 12 States . Already functional – 10 States (Total 2,593 Ambulances) (Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Goa, Gujarat, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Meghalaya, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand). Supported through funding from Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (NRHM). Trauma Centres. 2 – Trauma Centres are already working in Delhi. 1 – 200 bed Trauma Centre now under construction in Chandigarh. As part of Hospitals – Major Cities in Southern India. Over and above Army Mobile Field Hospitals. + Air Force – 01.

35 CAPACITY BUILDING: MAJOR INITIATIVES

36 Training of PRI/ ULB Representatives. : 12,375 (225 Per District).
CAPACITY BUILDING: MAJOR INITIATIVES 1. Capacity Building Project (in Partnership with IGNOU) and Ministry of Rural Development. States. : 11. IGNOU Districts. : 55. Training of PRI/ ULB Representatives. : 12,375 (225 Per District). Training of Government Functionaries. : 4,125 (75 Per District).

37 CAPACITY BUILDING: MAJOR INITIATIVES
Partnership with Corporate Sector through Corporate Social Responsibility and Public Private Partnership. VC has written to CEOs of all major Business Houses. Positive response. Modalities being finalized with help of IIM Ahmedabad. FICCI, CII, ASSOCHAM, PHD Chamber of Commerce and NASSCOM etc. being consulted. Through interaction with States. Corporate Disaster Resource Network – Established (with AidMatrix). 70 Schools with GMR in Srikakulum District in Andhra Pradesh from 19 July 2010.

38 Areas of Activities Under CSR :
NDMA’s Vision : School Safety Projects Cyclone/ Flood Shelters Ambulance Services Mobile Hospitals Heli Ambulances Enhancing ‘Fire Services’ Capacity Encouraging/ assisting Civil Defence Public Awareness (Media/ Workshops) NDMA’s Vision

39 Dept of Public Enterprise : April 9, 2010
Areas of Activities Under CSR : DM Related Dept of Public Enterprise : April 9, 2010 DM Activities : Amelioration/ Mitigation Construction of Community Centres Relief to victims of Natural Calamities Pollution Control Sanitation & Public Health Activities towards preservation of Environment/ Ecology & to sustainable Development

40 CPSE : CSR Budget (Dept of Pub. Enterprises)
Funding CPSE : CSR Budget (Dept of Pub. Enterprises) Type of CPSEs (Net Profit (Prev. Year) Exp. Range in a Fin. Year (% of Profit) Less than Rs.100 Cr. 3% - 5% 100 Cr to 500 Cr 20% to 30% 500 Cr above 0.5% to 2% Unspent money to be transferred to non-lapsable pool

41 CONCLUSION Role of Govt in D.M: Primary & Substantial
Cannot be standalone effort of Govt Need for an inclusive approach Create space for all stakeholders Corporate Sector : Vast experience & proven ability PPP will improve pace & quality of DM

42 THANK YOU


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