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Some data on Italian Research Funding “Key Figures 2005”, European Commission, Eurostat serviceshttp://www.cordis.lu/indicators//home.html.

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Presentation on theme: "Some data on Italian Research Funding “Key Figures 2005”, European Commission, Eurostat serviceshttp://www.cordis.lu/indicators//home.html."— Presentation transcript:

1 Some data on Italian Research Funding “Key Figures 2005”, European Commission, Eurostat serviceshttp://www.cordis.lu/indicators//home.html GDP: 1258,6 Milliards € (G€) [2002 ] Expenditure for R&D (public + prived) : 14,6 G€ (1.16% of GDP [2002]) (1,14% of GDP [2003]) ( France 2003: 34 G€, i.e. 2,18% of GDP; EU : 1,92% ) Italian State finances 50,8% of R&D budget [1996] (France 1996: 41%; France 2003 : 34,6%) Business enterprises finance 43% of R&D budget [1996] (France 1996: 48,5%; France 2003 : 50,8%)..Public financement for civil Research amounts to ≈0,51% of GDP [1996] Business enterprise financement amounts to ≈0,55% of GDP [2004] both public and private expenditure are among of the lowest in Europe!! see “Key Figures 2005”, page 24 and 32

2 Italian Research Human Resources: research staff with permanent position N. researchers / 1000 inhabitants : 2,8 (France : 6,8 ; Europe-25 : 5,4) N. researchers: 8,8% of total workers (France :15,6%; EU :13,8%) Total N. Researchers (with permanent position) (France: ), of which: (28,4%) in business enterprises (France : ) (16,2%) in public research Institutions (EPRs) (e.g. CNR; University not included) (France : 26376) (52,6%) in University (France: ). Total in the public R&D sector: ~74000 [2003]; from “Key Figures 2005”, European Commission, and from Eurostathttp://www.cordis.lu/indicators//home.html

3 Italian Public Research Human Resources: research staff with temporary position Post-doc researchers with temporary contracts > in Universities[official data, MIUR and CNR] > 2200 at the CNR. These figures are under-estimated probably by more than 100%!! * Estimated n. of post-docs with temporary positions: PhD students [2005]: PhD students + post-docs with temporary contracts: ~ people *official figures only include contracts directly financed by Universities or EPRs. Many other sources exist! No official data available on the subject!!

4 New PhDs versus new permanent positions in Italy: estimated figures Number of new PhDs[Source : MIUR-URST and AFAM] [ ] : =21987 Number of New Researcher position available in Universities: [Source: MIUR- CNVSU] [ (july)] : 7000 (accessible to new PhDs) in the CNR (the principal EPR) : [ (july)] : ???? (a few hundreds at most) what do the PhDs do, given that only ~1/3 finds a permanent position in the public research sector?

5 Private research (basic or applied) is not very developed, and offers little oppurtunities. Many people stay at University or other public institutions, waiting for a permanent position. Meanwhile, they generally can not conduct independent research; see a description of typical working conditions in the next page. And have a look at the age profile of post-docs with temporary positions.... in the second-next page

6 Temporary positions in the italian public research system Limitations to research freedom and creativity. Temporary post-doc researchers have no right to apply for grants. Insufficient salary and social security Salary of an “assegnista di ricerca” (University post-doc): Euro/year (tax-free; 10% subtracted for mandatory social insurance). Limited Sickness and parental benefits: (contracts are suspended in the occurrence of serious illnesses or pregnancy) Unemployment benefits: No right at all to unemployement benefits. Excessive (underpayed) teaching duties “proposed” to post-docs "temporary professors" [ ] are 37% of all University professors (32871, versus total permanent staff) Euros gross salary for a hrs Course + all related duties (exams, teaching assistance, etc..; travel expenses not paid). Meanwhile, the European Charter of Researchers recommends that “ …teaching responsibilities should not be excessive and should not prevent researchers, particularly at the beginning of their careers, from carrying out their research activities”.

7 Age profile of University post-docs with temporary position from: Ministero dell’Istruzione, dell’Università e della Ricerca, Comitato nazionale per la valutazione del sistema universitario (MIUR-CNVSU): Quarto Rapporto sullo stato del Sistema Universitario, Sezione 7: Il personale docente di ruolo - Analisi delle procedure concorsuali dal 1999 al 2003 Assegnisti di Ricerca:temporary post-doc positions payed by University Most post-docs in italian universities are more than 33 years old !!!

8 Age profile of individuals that have obtained a University permanent position in the years from: MIUR-CNVSU, Quarto Rapporto sullo stato del Sistema Universitario, Sezione 7: Il personale docente di ruolo - Analisi delle procedure concorsuali dal 1999 al 2003 A: associated professors O: ordinary (full) professors R: Researchers (lowest level of permanent research position) N. of new Researcher positions granted is only ~ 1/2 of the N. of new professors!!!! -> available positions have been used for internal career progression of old employees

9 Age profile of individuals having a permanent position at University on Dec from: MIUR-CNVSU, 2003 N. of lowest-level researchers (“Ricercatore”) is only ~ 1/3 of the total N. of established researchers (all levels) !!!!

10 R&D business enterprises : 19% (France : 20,9% ; EU-25 : 17,5%) R&D public (University excluded) : 38,4% (France : 31,9% ; EU-25 : 34,8%) R&D University : 29,8% (France : 33% ; EU-25 : 34,9%) Parity : % women [2001]


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