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Shaping our Future: Towards a Pan-Canadian eLearning Research Agenda On-line Conference, from Montreal, May 22nd, 2008 The Case for an eLearning Research.

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Presentation on theme: "Shaping our Future: Towards a Pan-Canadian eLearning Research Agenda On-line Conference, from Montreal, May 22nd, 2008 The Case for an eLearning Research."— Presentation transcript:

1 Shaping our Future: Towards a Pan-Canadian eLearning Research Agenda On-line Conference, from Montreal, May 22nd, 2008 The Case for an eLearning Research and Innovation Strategy Gilbert Paquette LORNET Scientific Director CRC in Instructional and Cognitive Engineering LICEF Research Center, Télé-université

2 Study on International eLearning Initiatives Financed by CCL/CCA in 2005

3 Obstacles to an e-Learning strategy in Canada Education is not a federal competency ? Education is not a federal competency ? Too many provincial jurisdictions with tight budgets ? Too many provincial jurisdictions with tight budgets ? E-learning is already sufficiently disseminated ? E-learning is already sufficiently disseminated ? Insufficient awareness on the importance of eLearning in the knowledge society ? Insufficient awareness on the importance of eLearning in the knowledge society ? No need for sustained, coordinated programs and initiatives; no need for a eLearning strategy ? No need for sustained, coordinated programs and initiatives; no need for a eLearning strategy ?

4 Organizations & Multiple Jurisdictions JISC_UK (since 1993) JISC_UK (since 1993) –England, Scotland, Wales & Northern Ireland Education.au (since 1997) Education.au (since 1997) –All Australian states and territories education authorities (8); European Union – eLearning programs (since 2003) European Union – eLearning programs (since 2003) –27 countries; Multilingual Educause - USA Educause - USA –50 states

5 Main Findings E-learning seen as a productive part of the new economy Strategies and actions are government initiated Embrace a wide scope of activities and stakeholders Substantial public funding Research, a fundamental dimension in the e- learning strategy Jurisdictional competencies and cultural diversity are not constraints to collaboration

6 JISC Initiatives Wide range of services and financial support to projects

7 Education.au Initiatives Wide range of services & capacities centered around accessing, developing and sharing online content & services : Wide range of services & capacities centered around accessing, developing and sharing online content & services : –Business services (user needs) –Technical services and solutions –Comprehensive web services –Scalable web solutions –Standards and interoperability –Web desk services Main current projects : Main current projects : –EdNA Learning Object Repository – - Australia's career information service –myfuture.edu.au - Australia's career information servicemyfuture.edu.au –The Federation : Australia / New Zealand, –Government Education Portal (Commonwealth) –Interoperability standards development – domain name management

8 European Initiatives EC eLearning program ( ): EC eLearning program ( ): –Education, training and lifelong learning –Teachers, trainers, learners –Schools and higher education institutions –Promoting digital literacy –European virtual campuses –e-Twinning of schools & promotion of teacher training –Transversal actions for the promotion of e-learning in Europe (including elearningeuropa - eLearning portal) European Schoolnet European Schoolnet –School networking and services –Policy and Practice –Interoperability and Content exchange

9 EDUCAUSE (USA) Initiatives Professional development activities Professional development activities Applied research Applied research Strategic policy advocacy Strategic policy advocacy Teaching and learning initiatives Teaching and learning initiatives Online information services Online information services Print and electronic publications, including books, monographs, and the magazines EDUCAUSE Quarterly and EDUCAUSE Review Print and electronic publications, including books, monographs, and the magazines EDUCAUSE Quarterly and EDUCAUSE Review Special interest collaborative communities Special interest collaborative communities Awards for leadership and exemplary practices Awards for leadership and exemplary practices

10 Type of organizations JISC JISC A NFP Organization led by Higher Education Councils of UK countries, Research Councils and UK universities representatives Education.au ltd. Education.au ltd. Non-profit Corporation put in place by a federal Australian Law in agreement with the Ministers of Education of the 8 States and Territories governments European Union initiatives European Union initiatives They are projects put in place by EU Education Ministries decrees, funded by EU Governments EDUCAUSE : member-driven initiative EDUCAUSE : member-driven initiative Non profit association of 2,000 colleges, universities, educational organizations, 200 corporations, and 15,000 active members

11 Funding JISC JISC – : 137 M$ CAN funding from HE councils Education.au Education.au –2005 : 10 M$ CAN European Union European Union –eLearning prog : 63 M$ CAN –Eur. Schoolnet, 2006: 5,46 M$ CAN –« eContent plus » 2005–08 : 214 M$ CAN –TeLearn, : 78 M$ CAN EDUCAUSE EDUCAUSE –2006 : 13,6 M $US (only for central management)

12 The Situation in Canada -Key issues and concerns

13 Canadian Initiatives Huge investments in the ICT infrastructure CANARIE’S eLearning : 32 projects through its 29 millions $ cost-shared; Program ended after 5 years Industry Canada funded Canadian participation in IMS and IEEE, now absent from these decision centers SchoolNet had a huge impact on K-12 and was ended while it was more and more productive Canadian participation to international initiatives like GLOBE is fragile The LORNET research network has achieved important R&D results that need to be transferred and disseminated; no funding for that

14 Why Are We Behind ? Discontinuity of major initiatives Discontinuity of major initiatives Short-terms financing of small projects Short-terms financing of small projects Duplication and waste of efforts Duplication and waste of efforts Separation of research and innovations projects from implementation and deployment initiatives Separation of research and innovations projects from implementation and deployment initiatives Multiplicity of centers of decision Multiplicity of centers of decision Lack of strategy, long-term vision, determination and continuity Lack of strategy, long-term vision, determination and continuity Funding totally insufficient Funding totally insufficient

15 Proposals for an eLearning Strategy and a Research Agenda

16 Internet, the Ubiquitous Learning Platform Did you use the Internet at least once in the last seven days ? ( NetTendances 2007, Cefrio) Did you use the Internet at least once in the last seven days ? ( NetTendances 2007, Cefrio)

17 Needed: A Vision and a Strategy for the Quality of Learning Learner centered approaches must be instrumented across boundaries, in a life long learning perspective Learner centered approaches must be instrumented across boundaries, in a life long learning perspective Repositories of content resources, design resources, and interoperable tools must be made available to learners and educators and evaluated by them to ensure more quality Repositories of content resources, design resources, and interoperable tools must be made available to learners and educators and evaluated by them to ensure more quality Programs for the development of high-quality content and learning designs should be put in place systematically in workplace sectors and subject matters in universities, colleges and schools Programs for the development of high-quality content and learning designs should be put in place systematically in workplace sectors and subject matters in universities, colleges and schools Programs for the professional development of teachers and trainers must be supported using eLearning technologies, including competency self- assessment resources. Programs for the professional development of teachers and trainers must be supported using eLearning technologies, including competency self- assessment resources.

18 Needed Initiatives eLearning R&D Dissemination Fund eLearning R&D Dissemination Fund Action Research Joint Funding Program by the Canadian Research Councils Action Research Joint Funding Program by the Canadian Research Councils Research Program on eLearning standards Implementation and Professional Training Research Program on eLearning standards Implementation and Professional Training Sustain a Network of Learning Object Repositories Linked to the Globe Project. Sustain a Network of Learning Object Repositories Linked to the Globe Project. Support Communities of Practice to Develop High- quality Content and Learning Designs. Implement a User-based Evaluation Process. Support Communities of Practice to Develop High- quality Content and Learning Designs. Implement a User-based Evaluation Process. Develop eLearning Modules for educators eLearning professionals and Create Competency Assessment Programs Develop eLearning Modules for educators eLearning professionals and Create Competency Assessment Programs

19 BC Centre Prairies Centre Prairies Centre Ontario Centre Québec Centre Atlantic Centre Nunavu t Centre Nunavu t Centre Coordinating Structure Coordinating Structure Business Intelligence Progress & NeedsAss.. Policy orientation & Planning Infrastruc- ture, Tools & Standards Community Awareness Programs Research Programs ELearning Dissemina- tion Support A Coordinating Agency

20 Some Research Priorities

21 Research on the Educational Web Increasing Social Networks Increasing Knowledge Networks 2 Social Web 1 Information Web 4 Intelligent Web 3 Semantic Web Internet Generations K S

22 Web The Technical Challenges: Interoperability, Reusability, Scalability, Flexibility IMS-LD SCORM QTI Etc.

23 Leaning Object Respositories: Networking Worldwide for Quality MERLOT (USA) LORNET (CANADA) ARIADNE (EUROPE) NIME (JAPAN) EDNA (AUSTRALIA ) FRANCO : RAFAEL LACLO (South America) SCHOOLNET (EUROPE)

24 Web Social Interactivity

25 Mobility - PodCasting

26 Web 3.0 – The Knowledge Web

27 MegaTrends – The Future is Here New communication means and interfaces Collective creation and sharing of knowledge Prosumerism: Content production by users New forms of socialization Augmented and Virtual Reality Environments Personal mobile multimedia assistant Internet as the unique and ubiquitous educational platform

28 Profund Impact on Learning Learning through personal research – Renewed importance on « Learning to Learn » Multiplicity of (valuable or unreliable) information sources Information management competencies are key Creating a new equilibrium between search/browsing and human interaction, between real and virtual activities New means for an active, constructive pedagogy based on real situation, problem solving, project- based learning, etc.

29 Evolution of the Tasks and Roles of Educators On-line learning questions traditional models : inevitable focus on learner – team work – facilitation Frontiers between departments, institutions, countries are blurring – shift towards higher competencies – specialization and collaboration are essential Mobility of knowledge diversifies ways, time and places where to learn – Distance Ed is the future Large gap between students and professors towards perceptions and use of technologies - digital divide to evercome The number and the interaction of teaching decisions increases – need for a new ISD methodology

30 New Institutional Challenges Educational institution and training department must change their processes towards networking instead of the industrial model Need to develop new forms of interaction, collaboration, evaluation and work for instructional design, learning resource production and search, and delivery processes Importance to model knowledge and competencies linked to processes and resources Invent services, content and media to be delivered in multiple ways: desktop, mobile devices, F2F meetings,… Become learning organizations - Offer means to acquire and develop information, media and method competencies to professors, staff and students – New roles for the libraries linked to knowledge portals

31 Shaping our Future: Towards a Pan-Canadian eLearning Research Agenda On-line Conference, from Montreal, 22nd, 2008 Merci !


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